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xi susan glaspell has been my “world” for the past several years. Although researching and writing may often be a very lonely business requiring that you cut yourself off from many things in order to concentrate exclusively on your subject, my world was peopled by gentle souls who greatly contributed to the evolution of this work. No words can properly express the extent of my gratitude, but I would nevertheless like to pay tribute to all those who have offered me their generous support throughout these years and without whom the present work might never have come into being. This work is the fruit of an encounter with an author, Susan Glaspell, but also with the women and men who have warmly welcomed me to the Susan Glaspell Society. The day I decided to conduct research on Glaspell, I sent an email to the society board enquiring about their work, and within a couple of months I was sitting at a Greenwich Village café with Sharon Friedman and Martha C. Carpentier, cofounder of the society, who, that year, had kindly arranged for me to attend Linda Ben-Zvi’s seminar on Glaspell at New York University. This was the first of many meetings , and I have traveled around the world to make my small contribution at conferences to discuss the work of Glaspell alongside J. Ellen Gainor, Barbara Ozieblo, Noelia Hernando-Real, Drew Eisenhauer, Sherry Engle, Sharon Friedman, Cheryl Black, and many others. The society members’ dedication to Glaspell’s work, along with their human and intellectual generosity, has nurtured my interest in Glaspell’s drama. I hope that my study, while attempting to keep a critical distance from the analyses of my predecessors, will do justice to their passionate endeavor to have Glaspell recognized as a major American dramatist and fiction writer. I would like to express my deepest thanks to my mentors and friends, a c k n o w l e d g m e n t s • Writing a book is a lonely business . . . You live in that book. That is your world. —Susan Glaspell, “On the Subject of Writing” xii Acknowledgments Professor Aurélie Guillain, Professor Matthew Roudané, and Elizabeth Corp. Inspirational guides, they have accompanied me on my voyage into Glaspell’s works. I am grateful for their illuminating insights and valuable advice. I will never forget our stimulating conversations, which informed my analyses but also, to a larger extent, my vision of American drama. I am deeply indebted to Nathalie Dessens, whose enthusiasm carried me through the day whenever I felt doubts. Her help has been precious, and I am extremely grateful for her generosity. Special thanks are also due to Professor Christiane Fioupou and Professor Wendy Harding and all the colleagues who have encouraged me. I would also like to address my sincere thanks to the librarians of the Bibliothèque Etudes du Monde Anglophone and the Bibliothèque Universitaire Centrale (Toulouse Jean-Jauès University), which I regularly despoiled of their books; thank you to Nadine Aurières, who provided me with the multiple interlibrary loans I asked for and who would always manage to find what sometimes seemed very eccentric orders. My research took me outside the boundaries of Toulouse and to many other libraries where primary material by or on Susan Glaspell was filed: the New York Public Library (Berg Collection), the New York Public Library for the Performing Arts, and the New York University Library (Fales Collection) in New York City; the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library in New Haven; the Howard Gotlieb Archival Library and the Houghton Library (Harvard Theatre Collection) in Boston; and the Victoria and Albert Archives (Blythe House) in London. I am grateful to all the librarians I have encountered on my journey in quest of Glaspell and who have helped me find my way through the maze of archives. I want to express my gratitude to the University of Iowa Press. My deepest thanks go to Heather S. Nathans, Catherine C. Cocks, Susan Hill Newton, and Christi Stanforth. I am indebted to their interest in my work, their careful reading, and their precious advice. Finally, I wish to thank my friends and my family, whose encouragement throughout these years has been extremely precious to me. I am grateful to Anne, Aurélie, Candice, Céline, Damien, Estelle, Frédéric, Gaëlle, Hanane, Laurent, Marlène, Marie, Marie Pierre, Marion, Martin, xiii Acknowledgments Mélanie, Pascal, Sandrine, Sylvie, Zelda, and many others...