30th Anniversary of the Seneca Falls Convention, Unitarian Church, Rochester, New York, July 19, 1878
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214 seneca falls anniversary, 1878 stood more firm for Peace, and yet he was constantly fighting with his tongue and his pen. PD “Woman’s Peace Festival,” Voice of Peace, Philadelphia, July 1876, 52–53, 54 1. The hymn was “The Peace of the Hills,” written by Universalist minister, prolific author, and member of the Universal Peace Union Phebe A. Hanaford (1829–1921), a distant relative of LM (Voice of Peace, 51). 2. On May 10 the U.S. Centennial Commission had opened the exhibition of “Arts, Manufactures and Products of the Soil and Mine,” in Fairmount Park in Philadelphia. The exhibition ran for six months, but it never opened on Sundays. On June 12 Philadelphia workingmen would hold a mass meeting, demanding Sunday hours and reduced admission cost (The Socialist, June 17, 1876). LM’s grandson-in-law Richard P. Hallowell, Francis E. Abbot, and other members of the Liberal League also protested this closure as a violation of religious freedom and “a grievous practical wrong against the working classes” (The Index, July 13, 1876). 3. A shorter version of this quote, “there can be no true peace without justice,” is often attributed to LM. 4. The exhibits included portraits of naval leaders, Paul Jones’s cutlass, and a model of the USS Antietam (New Age, July 29, 1876). 5. H. M. Hunt of the Workmen’s Peace Society (United Kingdom) attended the Peace Festival, and stated that if the British government declared war, it “would be a signal for the uprising of the work[ing] people in order to put their foot upon such effort” (Voice of Peace, 54). 6. James B. Miles (1823–75), Congregational minister and secretary of the American Peace Society and the Association for the Codification of the Laws of Nations. For the latter, he organized peace meetings throughout Europe (American Advocate of Peace and Arbitration, February and March 1889, 25; “International Law: Arbitration instead of War,” New York Times, April 30, 1874, 8). 7. LM may have meant the following nations that participated in the Centennial: China, Egypt, Japan, the Sandwich Islands, Tunis, and Turkey. 30th Anniversary of the Seneca Falls Convention, Unitarian Church,1 Rochester, New York, July 19, 1878 Lucretia Mott, under the weight of 85 years, but whose eye still gleams as of old, and whose heart is still young in the cause for which she has so long and persistently labored, was the next among those who addressed the Convention. Largely her address was given to reminiscences, which were very happily recounted and received with the heartiest manifestations of delight on the part of her auditors. After these remarks, pertaining to her connection with this great movement, she pled earnestly for not only woman’s equal, civil, religious, educational and industrial rights, but an equality of political exertion, a right to use all the sources of this power equal with man. In substance she said, place woman in equal power, and you will find her capable of not abusing it! Give her the elective franchise, and there will be an unseen, yet a deep and universal movement of the people to elect into office only those who are pure in intention and honest in seneca falls anniversary, 1878 215 sentiment! Give her the privilege to co-operate in making the laws she submits to, and there will be harmony without severity, and justice without oppression. Make her, if married, a living being in the eye of the law—she will not assume beyond duty; give her the right of property, and you may justly tax her patrimony as the result of her wages. Open to her your colleges—your legislative, your municipal, your domestic laws will be purified and ennobled. Forbid her not and she will use moderation. * * * * Mrs. Lucretia Mott also spoke upon the same subject,2 distinguishing between true Christianity and theological creed. True righteousness and goodness were the only right for the correction of wrong. She believed in the Scripture, “Behold, a new heaven and a new earth, for old things have passed away.” The fields were ripened for the harvest now and the churches were becoming more and more ready to do away with verbal creeds, which were such an element of dissension among them. In her closing remarks and just previous to her departure for the east she said she wished to add her expression of gratitude to the Unitarian society who had so kindly given them the use of their edifice. She spoke...