American Anti-Slavery Society, Apollo Hall, New York City, April 9, 1870
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American Anti-Slavery Society, 1870 197 the intelligence of the people, never counselling the overthrow of Slavery by violence. This example, she trusted might be useful in succeeding enterprises of similar kind. AD Gulielma M. S. P. Jones, Recording Secretary, “Proceedings of the Thirty-Sixth Annual Meeting of the Phila. Female Anti-Slavery Society” (Reel 30, Pennsylvania Anti-Slavery Papers, Historical Society of Pennsylvania) 1. In addition to LM, three founding members were present: Margaretta Forten, Sidney Ann Lewis, and Sarah Pugh. Others who spoke at the meeting included Mary Grew, Gulielma Jones (1824–10), Edward M. Davis, Aaron Powell, and Robert Purvis (Faulkner, 197–98). American Anti-Slavery Society, Apollo Hall, New York City, April 9, 1870 Mrs. LUCRETIA MOTT upon advancing to the stand was greeted with loud applause. Although perhaps the oldest person present, she rejoiced that she could still lift her feeble voice with those with whom she had been so long associated, upon that platform. When an opportunity was offered at the opening of the meeting for prayer, silence had seemed to her the most effective prayer of praise that could be offered. She agreed from her heart with the resolution of gratitude to Almighty God for this wonderful victory.1 It was natural upon an occasion like this to look back to the beginning and to remember how they had gone on from year to year, never discouraged, through a good report and evil report, until the evil report became to them a very small matter. But with all their faith and confidence in the overruling power of justice and love, they had never anticipated a victory like the present. After so many years, there was no thought of ceasing their work. Their motto was still onward. With this in view, there was nothing sad in being called together for a final meeting. She looked upon this occasion, not as a funeral, but rather as a resurrection. We have realized to a great extent a fulfillment of the prophecy, “And I, if I be lifted up, will draw all men unto me.” It was natural for the old to like to look back to the early days, and to contrast the small beginning with the great result. In season and out of season, they raised a feeble voice; but it proved a strong voice; for the seed sown in weakness was raised in power. Mrs. MOTT proceeded to review the early history of the Anti-Slavery Agitation , from the time when THOMAS CLARKSON labored for the arrest of the slave trade, relating incidents in those early efforts; in inducing WEDGEWOOD to put the picture of the kneeling slave upon his porcelain;2 in publishing prints of the slaveships; in introducing into schoolbooks descriptions of the slave trade; educating the people, so that the next generation would lay the axe nearer to the root of the tree. It was about the year 1825 that ELIZABETH HEYRICK came forward with her work on “Immediate, not gradual Emancipation.” The old abolitionists of Pennsylvania had formed a Society with FRANKLIN at its head, the object of which was “to protect the rights of those unlawfully seized 198 American Anti-Slavery Society, 1870 and held in bondage, as well as to promote the best interests of the colored people around us”; but this was of little avail, when slavery was legalized.3 The abolition of slavery in the West Indies grew out of ELIZABETH HEYRICK’S book; and she mentioned it the more because she was a woman. At that time BENJAMIN LUNDY was Editor of the Genius of Universal Emancipation; and he took a copy of that book to WILLIAM LLOYD GARRISON who resolved thenceforth to devote his labors to that great work. She hoped that there would be prepared a history of the progress of the movement from its inception to its consummation. It seemed fitting, on an occasion like this, to make some allusion to the steps by which we have reached this great event. * * * * MRS. MOTT remarked that she had always taken pleasure in listening to remarks from ROBERT PURVIS, FREDERICK DOUGLASS, and other half-colored men, but she thought the blacker the speaker the better she liked it.4 (Laughter and applause.)Shebelievedthattheoverthrowofslaveryhadbeenaccomplished,notby carnalweapons,butthroughmoralmeanswhichhavebeenmightythroughGodfor the pulling down of the stronghold. She alluded to discussions by THEODORE D. WELD and others in the Lane Theological Seminary,5 and the continued agitation whichhadsoinstructedthenationthatwhenrebellionbrokeoutthenationbecame one great Anti-Slavery Meeting and demanded the Proclamation of Emancipation...