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196 Philadelphia Female Anti-Slavery Society, 1870 “inner light” as an inestimable source of instruction, at the same time directing their attention to the value of the teachings of such good men as Elias Hicks, and the beautiful and simple truth taught by Jesus of Nazareth. In the course of her happy remarks she quoted a passage from Cowper, appropriately adapted to the spirit and tenor of her remarks, in which these lines occur: — “Philosophy, baptiz’d In the pure fountain of eternal love Has eyes indeed; and viewing all she sees As meant to indicate a God to man, Gives him his praise, and forfeits not her own. Learning has born such fruit in other days On all her branches; piety has found Friends in the friends of science, and true pray’r Has flow’d from lips wet with Castilian dews.”6 PD “Our Philadelphia Correspondence,” National Anti-Slavery Standard, November 20, 1869 1. Two separate, conflicting accounts of LM’s remarks follow. 2. When it opened, the co-educational Swarthmore College had 180 students. LM’s daughter, Anna Hopper, was on the board of managers. At the ceremony, LM planted two oak trees in memory of JM, who had died on January 26, 1868 (Palmer, 424). 3. From Cowper’s “The Task” (1785). 4. William Dorsey (1811–1874) was a Philadelphia Hicksite and merchant. 5. “The venerable Lucretia Mott exhorted those present to carry out the objects of the college, so plainly set forth; spoke of the necessity of institutions like Swarthmore; rejoiced in the simplicity of the course of studies proposed, and hoped that truth would ever prevail; and the divine mission of the Lord Jesus Christ would never be forgotten” (Philadelphia Press, November 11, 1869). 6. From “The Task.” Philadelphia Female Anti-Slavery Society, Assembly Buildings, March 24, 1870 The President Lucretia Mott opened the Meeting with a few appropriate remarks . She said that at this, the last meeting, an address to the people assembled might be expected; but her heart was so full that there was room only for a feeling of thankfulness. Remembering the time when this Society was formed she rejoiced to see among the persons assembled, some who had assisted in its organization & others who had joined at a time when their names were therefore cast out as evil.1 In our most sanguine moment we never then expected to see the consummation now attained. Truly the Lord had triumphed gloriously, & in view of all that had been accomplished she could only say “Now lettest Thou thy Servant depart in peace—for mine eyes have seen thy Salvation.” * * * * Lucretia Mott remarked, with reference to the course pursued by the AntiSlavery Society that they had always relied upon appeals to the moral sense and American Anti-Slavery Society, 1870 197 the intelligence of the people, never counselling the overthrow of Slavery by violence. This example, she trusted might be useful in succeeding enterprises of similar kind. AD Gulielma M. S. P. Jones, Recording Secretary, “Proceedings of the Thirty-Sixth Annual Meeting of the Phila. Female Anti-Slavery Society” (Reel 30, Pennsylvania Anti-Slavery Papers, Historical Society of Pennsylvania) 1. In addition to LM, three founding members were present: Margaretta Forten, Sidney Ann Lewis, and Sarah Pugh. Others who spoke at the meeting included Mary Grew, Gulielma Jones (1824–10), Edward M. Davis, Aaron Powell, and Robert Purvis (Faulkner, 197–98). American Anti-Slavery Society, Apollo Hall, New York City, April 9, 1870 Mrs. LUCRETIA MOTT upon advancing to the stand was greeted with loud applause. Although perhaps the oldest person present, she rejoiced that she could still lift her feeble voice with those with whom she had been so long associated, upon that platform. When an opportunity was offered at the opening of the meeting for prayer, silence had seemed to her the most effective prayer of praise that could be offered. She agreed from her heart with the resolution of gratitude to Almighty God for this wonderful victory.1 It was natural upon an occasion like this to look back to the beginning and to remember how they had gone on from year to year, never discouraged, through a good report and evil report, until the evil report became to them a very small matter. But with all their faith and confidence in the overruling power of justice and love, they had never anticipated a victory like the present. After so many years, there was no thought of ceasing their work. Their...


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