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American Anti-Slavery Society, 1859 137 3. In 1836 the Presbyterian General Assembly split, with the less conservative “New School” group supporting revivals and moving away from Calvinism. The New School Presbyterians split further in 1857 over slavery. 4. Although it did not prove ultimately successful, on August 5 a transatlantic cable had been laid. On August 16 the message from England read, “Europe and America are united by telegraphic communication. Glory to God in the highest, on earth peace, good will toward men.” 5. Henry Ward Beecher (1813–87), Congregational minister in Brooklyn; Edwin H. Chapin (1814–80), Universalist minister in New York City. American Anti-Slavery Society, Assembly Rooms, New York City, May 11, 1859 Mrs. LUCRETIA MOTT, of Philadelphia, who was received with loud applause , then addressed the audience. She was glad to hear such an encouraging view presented as that given by the last speaker, while yet she admitted the necessity for such watchful and critical censors as Parker Pillsbury and others.1 It was needful that they should be watched over and watch even themselves, so that they should not be so elated with what had been done as to lead them into any compromise or unfaithfulness in regard to what remained to be done. There was still a great deal to do, for the number of slaves in our country had greatly increased since the labors of the Abolitionists began, and they must toil on, toil ever; they must find new paths to walk in, and they would see these continually opening before them. It was not necessary now that they should go over the old ground, and reiterate that which was so needful at the beginning, because the public sentiment had been elevated, and the popular periodicals and newspapers advocate anti-slavery, to a certain extent; but there was always something new to be said; every good Abolitionist, out of the treasures of his heart, could bring forth “things new and old,” and thus their meetings were made very interesting. Mrs. M. said she had just left a large company of women, gathered together to consider the great principles and testimonies of the Quaker Society.2 AntiSlavery had occupied their attention a part of the time. This Society although it did not come strictly into the category of those who were in communion with slaveholders, had yet, owing to the various causes which had operated upon the whole country, been slow to speak out and act out, honestly and faithfully, their anti-slavery principles and sentiments. They had needed laborers among them, as in other Societies, and their labors had not been without their effect. The efforts which had been made in the land had produced a result at which they all rejoiced, giving, as it did, evidence of great gain to the cause. Mrs. Mott then referred to the importance of adhering to the principle of moral suasion as the most effectual means for the accomplishment of this great work. She hoped they would not lose their faith on this point. They should all remember that they set out on the ground of moral resistance—not merely passive resistance, but resolved to go forth with weapons that were not carnal, but 138 Anti-Slavery Sympathy Meeting, 1859 spiritual, and which had proved mighty, through God, as far as they had been wielded, to the pulling down of this stronghold. She believed, if they continued to wield these weapons, they would go on, conquering and to conquer. * * * * LUCRETIA MOTT took the platform, and spoke at some length, urging the importance of faithfulness to the great work in which they were engaged which is not merely to protect the fugitive, but to enlighten the public on the great sin of American slavery, and so to hasten the time when the chains of every slave in the land shall be broken. PD “Twenty-Sixth Annual Meeting of the American Anti-Slavery Society,” National Anti-Slavery Standard, May 21, 1859 1. LM’s long-time friend and PASS activist James M. McKim (1810–74) stated that the antislavery movement was already “improving our politics, meliorating our religion, and raising the standard of public and social morals.” On May 10 Parker Pillsbury had stated that the AASS had been too tolerant of institutions such as the Republican Party and the New York Independent, who make “specious and strong anti-slavery pretensions and professions” but who are “still in governmental or ecclesiastical union and fellowship with slavery and...


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