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44 seneca falls wr convention, 1848 PRESS” on behalf of slaves (Liberator, December 14, 1833, in Palmer, 24). Antislavery Quaker forerunners were the Americans Benjamin Lundy (1789–1839) and Anthony Benezet (1713–84), and the British Friends Thomas Clarkson (1760–1846) and William Wilberforce (1759–1833). 4. The British Quaker Elizabeth Heyrick (1769–1831) urged boycotting West Indian sugar and published “Immediate, not Gradual Abolition” in 1824. 5. At the meeting, a “monster remonstrance” against slavery from 40,000 women of Scotland to the women of America was displayed (Liberator, May 19, 1848). 6. Possibly by Samuel J. Prescod (1806–71), a delegate to the 1840 World’s Anti-Slavery Convention, who was the first person of color elected to the Barbados Assembly in 1843. 7. JM chaired the May 5 meeting at Franklin Hall, which approved the French proposal to abolish slavery in its colonies (Pennsylvania Freeman, May 11, 1848). 8. FrederickDouglassandWilliamWellsBrown(ca.1814–84),authoroftheNarrativeof WilliamW.Brown,AFugitiveSlave,wereamongthetwothousandtothreethousandpresent (“From the Annual Meeting,” Henry C. Wright to Andrew Paton, Liberator, May 12, 1848). 9. Since the 1820s LM had been an advocate of “free produce,” or boycotting goods produced by slave labor. Not all abolitionists agreed with this strategy (see Faulkner, 52–55; Carol Faulkner, “The Root of the Evil: Free Produce and Radical Antislavery, 1820–1860,” Journal of the Early Republic [Fall 2007], 377–405). In Three Months in Great Britain (Philadelphia, 1841), JM wrote about working conditions among the poor in England and especially Ireland. 10. Hicksite abolitionist Charles Marriott (d. 1843), author of a pamphlet on “the Duty of Declining the Use of the Products of Slave Labour” (1835), was disowned by New York Monthly Meeting in 1841. Women’s Rights Convention, Wesleyan Chapel, Seneca Falls, New York, July 19–20, 18481 [July 19, Evening Session] The chief speaker was Lucretia Mott, of Philadelphia. This lady is so well known as a pleasing and eloquent orator, that a description of her manner would be a work of supererogation. Her discourse on that evening, whatever may be thought of its doctrine, was eminently beautiful and instructive. Her theme was the Progress of Reforms.2 In illustrating her subject, she described the gradual advancement of the causes of Temperance, Anti-Slavery, Peace, &c., briefly, but in a neat and impressive style. She then alluded to the occasion which had brought the audience together—glanced at the rights and wrongs of women—and expressed the hope and belief that the movement in which she was then participating, would soon assume a grandeur and dignity worthy of its importance. She concluded by urging some of the gentlemen to let their voices be heard on the great subject. “WOMEN’S RIGHTS CONVENTION,” Seneca Falls (N.Y.) Courier, July 21, 1848, reprinted in Liberator, August 25, 1848. [July 20, Evening Session] Thomas M’Clintock then read several extracts from Blackstone, in proof of woman’s servitude to man;3 after which Lucretia Mott offered and spoke to the following resolution: rochester wr convention, 1848 45 Resolved, That the speedy success of our cause depends upon the zealous and untiring efforts of both men and women, for the overthrow of the monopoly of the pulpit, and for the securing to woman an equal participation with men in the various trades, professions and commerce. The Resolution was adopted. * * * * The meeting was closed by one of Lucretia Mott’s most beautiful and spiritual appeals. She commanded the earnest attention of that large audience for nearly an hour. Report of the Woman’s Rights Convention, Held at Seneca Falls, N.Y., July 19th and 20th, 1848 (Rochester, 1848); Gordon, 1:82–83; WASM 1. LM’s remarks at Seneca Falls are taken from two different sources. The Seneca Falls Courier gave more extensive coverage of her speech on July 19 than the one sentence in the Report, reprinted in Gordon, 1:75–78. 2. Most likely LM drew on her May 9, 1848, address to the AASS (Gordon, 1:84). 3. Thomas M’Clintock (1792–1876), Hicksite Quaker then living in Waterloo, New York (see Faulkner, 132–33). He read from the Commentaries on the Laws of England, by British jurist William Blackstone (1723–80), who wrote, “the very being or legal existence of the woman is suspended during the marriage, or at least is incorporated and consolidated into that of the husband” (quoted in Gordon, 1:86). For background on the convention, see Faulkner, 138–42; Palmer, 163–67; and Judith Wellman, The Road to...


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