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Notes What Is African American Studies? Page 1 “If there is no struggle there is no progress . . . never will.” Frederick Douglass, “West Indian Emancipation,” in Frederick Douglass: Selected Speeches and Writings, ed. Philip S. Foner and Yuval Taylor (Chicago: Lawrence Hill Books, 1999), 367. Page 2 Supreme Court Justice Roger Taney . . . to respect. Don E. Fehrenbacher, Slavery, Law, and Politics:The Dred Scott Case in Historical Perspective (New York: Oxford University Press, 1981), 190. Page 2 Take for example . . . than 26,000. The Ohio State University Archives, “The Ohio State University: A Historical Timeline.” line/entry/69886/The-Ohio-State-University-A-Historical-Timeline# vars!date=1862-06-01_10:55:21!. Accessed July 8, 2016. Page 3 African American Studies . . . arts, and humanities. Alan K. Colón,“Critical Issues in Black Studies: A Selective Analysis,”in The African American Studies Reader, ed. Nathaniel Norment Jr. (Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press, 2001), 520–527. Page 5 Christian authorities . . . good and evil. Ivan Hannaford, Race: The History of an Idea in the West (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994), 87–126. Page 5 Common Christians, . . . blood Christians. Ibid., 100–125. Page 5 By slotting . . . political economy. Sylvia Wynter,“1492: A New World View,” and Valentin Y. Mudimbe, “Romanus Pontifex (1454) and the Expansion of Europe,” in Race, Discourse and the Origin of the Americas: A New World View, ed. Vera Lawrence Hyatt and Rex Nettleford (Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1995), 5–57, 58–65. Page 6 The sudden . . . the Europeans. TheTrans-Atlantic SlaveTrade Database,www Accessed July 8, 2016. Walter Rodney, How Europe Underdeveloped Africa (Washington, DC: Howard University Press, 1972). Page 6 Economic competition . . . are inferior. Anthony Pagden, The Fall of Natural Man:The American Indian and the Origins of Comparative Ethnology (Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1982); Anthony Pagden, Lords of All the World: Ideologies of Empire in Spain, Britain and France c. 1500–c. 1800 (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1998). 342 Notes Page 6 Demonstrating his . . . body and mind. Thomas Jefferson, Notes on the State of Virginia (Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2002), 175–180. Page 9 Banneker’s deliberate . . .African Americans. Benjamin Banneker,“I Freely and Cheerfully Acknowledge, That I Am of the African Race,” in The African American Experience: Black History and Culture through Speeches, Letters, Editorial, Poems, Songs, and Stories, ed. Kai Wright (New York: Black Dog and Leventhal, 2009), 109–111. Page 9 The expansion . . .if necessary.David Walker,Appeal,in Four Articles;Together with a Preamble, to the Colored Citizens of the World, but in Particular, and Very Expressly,toThose of the United States of America (1830; Baltimore: Black Classic Press, 1993), 34. Page 10 “African American novelist . . . white man’s dilemma?” Ralph Ellison, “An American Dilemma: A Review,” in Shadow and Act (New York: Vintage Books, 1995), 315–316. Page 11 Langston Hughes’s 1925 . . .I,too,am America,Langston Hughes,The Collected Poems of Langston Hughes,ed.Arnold Rampersad and David Roessel (New York: Random House, 2004), 46. What Is Economics? Page 121 Huge gains from Altria stock investment. Author’s calculations using historical stock-return data from the Center for Research in Security Prices. Jeremy Siegel first identified Altria as the highest performing among S&P 500 stocks in his book The Future for Investors:Why theTried andTrueTriumphs over the Bold and the New (New York: Crown Business, 2005). Page 125 In any event, the label “dismal science” has stuck. Robert Dixon, “The Origin of the Term ‘Dismal Science’ to Describe Economics,” University of Melbourne Department of Economics working paper no. 715, available at Accessed August 22, 2016. Page 125 “Nowhere, in that quarter of his intellectual world, is there light; nothing but a grim shadow of hunger.” Thomas Carlyle, Collected Works, vol. 1 (London: Chapman and Hall, 1870), 181. Page 130 Christina Romer . . . hit on the idea of looking at recessions outside of the span of the Great Depression. Christina Romer,“What Ended the Great Depression ?,” Journal of Economic History 52 (1992): 757–784. Page 133 Stacy Dale and Alan Krueger,two economists working in Princeton,New Jersey, took a clever approach to estimating the causal effect of prestigious colleges on salaries. Stacy Dale and Alan Krueger,“Estimating the Payoff to Attending a More Selective College: An Application of Selection on Observables and Unobservables,” Quarterly Journal of Economics 117 (2002): 1491–1527. Notes  343 What Is Engineering? Page 143 “Architectural design and structural engineering have...