Index
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Index Abraham (biblical patriarch), 33–34, 38, 80, 81 Adler, Samuel, 159n84 Akedah, 33–34, 38 Akiva, Rabbi, 51 Allgemeine Zeitung des Judenthume (Philippson ), 120 American Jewry, 37, 93, 134, 136–137, 139, 165n134, 171n11 Assmann, Jan, 12, 13, 20, 28, 38 Aub, Joseph, 163n88 authority of personal meaning, 6, 116, 117, 118, 133, 134, 136, 143n26, 166n18 Babylonian Talmud, 51, 53, 153n69 Bauer, Bruno: Abraham Geiger’s refutation of, 18, 19–20, 40, 75; Hegel’s in®uence on, 17, 20, 40; “The Jewish Question,” 17–20, 40, 75, 76; on Mosaic religion, 40, 60; notion of “tendencies,” 55; Salomon’s criticism of, 18–19, 25 Baur, Ferdinand Christian, 53, 54, 55 ben Zakkai, Jochanan, 53 Berlin Jewish community, 111; Hochschule für Wissenschaft des Judenthums (Berlin), 5, 126–127, 130, 132; rabbinic leadership of, 31, 76, 96, 159n6; responses to rabbinical conferences, 91–93 Bernstein, Aron, 91 biblical exegesis: Christian in®uence on, 40; cultural modes of reading in, 45–50, 61–62; Karaites and, 45; Masorites and, 45, 49, 50, 128; personal meaning, 63; political aspects of, 45, 52–55, 58–59, 61–62; political modes of reading in, 45–50, 61–62; reading against the text in, 46, 47, 57; Septuagint and, 45–46, 48; Targumim, 48, 50, 52, 55; textual emendation in, 46– 48, 152n49; Tübingen school on, 53, 54, 55 biblical text: authority of, 12, 42, 46; canonization of, 42, 48, 136, 152n49; divinity of, 36; as dogma, 123; emendations of, 46–48, 152n49; the foreigner in, 46–47, 48; Mosaic tradition, 19, 40, 58; natural sense of, 43–44, 51–52, 136, 151n21; original text/ changing meanings of, 9–10; purity of, 49, 50, 58, 61, 128; rabbinic reading of, 40–41, 150n11; reading as political act, 58–59, 61– 62; in Samuel Hirsch’s catechism, 125; Talmud compared to, 40, 41, 114; as usable past, 12; women in, 65, 69, 70–71, 72, 74 Bildung, 6, 116, 117, 118, 143n26, 166n18 Bodenheimer, L., 91 Breslau, 5; communal authority articulated by, 93; Geiger-Tiktin controversy, 86–87; Hebrew language pedagogy in, 119, 120; Jewish literacy/learning in, 34; parental demands for education, 132, 139; rabbinic leadership in, 31, 86–87, 159n6. See also Jewish educational program of Abraham Geiger Breslau rabbinical conference (1846), 97; appeal to communal needs, 102–103, 164nn111,118; communal reactions to, 100–102, 103, 164nn111,118; representation of German Jewry by, 102; Sabbath observance, 100–101, 164n119; Verwahrung (protest) by Frankfurt am Main community, 100–102, 103, 164n111; waning rabbinic hegemony at, 111 Bruno Bauer und die Juden (Geiger), 40 Brunswick rabbinical conference, 87; binding rabbinic legislation (Beschlüsse) by, 90– 91, 96; communal response to, 91–92; Frankel’s criticism of, 96–97; French Sanhedrin , 88–89; Holdheim on the “consciousness of our time,” 98–99; intermar173 riage discussed at, 88; moral consciousness of, 90–91; Orthodox rabbis opposed to, 160n32; waning rabbinic hegemony at, 111 Butler, Judith, 156n8 Caro, D., 78 catechism, 124–126, 132–133, 169n69 Christianity: biblical interpretation in®uenced by, 33–34, 40; Catholicism compared with Sadducees, 41, 150n13; Abraham Geiger and, 1–2, 15, 55, 56, 130, 150n13; Heinrich Graetz on, 29; Islam and, 130; Jesus, 1–2, 29, 34, 55, 56, 129–130, 170n94; Jewish catechisms, 124, 169n69; Judaism, 1–2, 17, 18, 19–20, 129–130; New Testament, 52, 54; Pauline v. Jewish Christians, 54; Protestantism, 41, 55–56, 87, 150n13; rabbinic Judaism and, 40, 55 Cohen, Steven, 134, 136, 137, 171n11 communal authority: authority of rabbinic resolutions , 89–90, 93, 111, 163n88; Hebrew language, 32, 98, 119, 163n88; rabbinic leadership, 93–96, 100–101, 163n88, 164nn111,118; standards of observance, 93–94, 97–100, 135, 163n88, 164n118 communal rabbi: communal insularity, 108, 109–110, 111; historical meaning v. religious authority, 105–106, 165n134; as writer-scholar, 107, 108–109, 138 community: American Jewry, 37, 93, 134, 136– 137, 139, 165n134, 171n11; citizenship in, 132, 133; as das Volk, 88, 100, 111; diversity in, 34, 36, 103, 108; educational standards in, 111, 114, 116, 130–131, 132, 139; German society, 115–117; historical memory and, 26–27, 29, 37, 105–107, 135– 136, 165n134; insularity of, 109–110, 111; liturgical reform, 26, 30, 31; recognition of public ritual, 137–138; Reformgemeinde in Berlin, 31 “Concerning the projected Rabbinic Assembly” (Frankel), 95 con¤rmation classes, 69, 121, 126, 169nn69,77 Creizenach, Michael, 147n82, 165n119 cult of domesticity, 67–69, 69–71, 73–74 de’ Rossi, Azariah, 45–46 Deborah (biblical judge...