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167 Notes Introduction 1.  Bleek to Woldmann, 21 February 1936. Käthe Woldmann Papers, University of Cape Town Libraries, Manuscripts and Archives Department, hereafter BC 210, Box 4. 2.  W. Bleek. 1875. Second Report Concerning Bushman Researches. Presented to the Cape Parliament. See also L. Lloyd. 1889. A Short Account of Further Bushman Material Collected. Third Report Concerning Bushman Researches. London: David Nutt. 3.  Wilhelm Bleek’s intellectual background and family history are best explored in A. Bank. 2006. Bushmen in a Victorian World: The Remarkable Story of the Bleek-Lloyd Collection of Bushman Folklore. Cape Town: Double Storey, especially Chapter 1. For a detailed study on German philology and its relation to the emergence of African studies during the nineteenth century, see S. Pugach. 2012. Africa in Translation: A History of Colonial Linguistics in Germany and Beyond, 1814–1945. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. For more on Wilhelm Bleek’s intellectual milieu in particular, see R. Thornton. 1983.‘ “This Dying Out Race”: W.H.I. Bleek’s Approach to the Languages of Southern Africa’. Social Dynamics 9 (2), 1–10; see also M. Di Gregorio. 2002. ‘Reflections of a Nonpolitical Naturalist: Ernst Haeckel, Wilhelm Bleek, Friedrich Müller and the Meaning of Language’. Journal of the History of Biology 35, 79–109. 4.  For a history of the Hamitic hypothesis and the theory that all development in sub-Saharan Africa was the work of a (fairer-skinned) branch of Caucasian immigrants, see E. Sanders. 1996. ‘The Hamitic Hypothesis: Its Origin and Functions in Time Perspective’. Journal of African History 10 (4), 521–532. 5.  See, for example, book-length accounts in Bank, Bushmen in a Victorian World; also N. Bennun. 2004. The Broken String: The Last Words of an Extinct People. London: Viking; as well as contributions to edited collections, including J. Deacon and T. Dowson. Eds. 1996. Voices from the Past: /Xam Bushmen and the Bleek and Lloyd Collection. Johannesburg: Wits University Press; and P. Skotnes. Ed. 1996. Miscast: Negotiating the Presence of the Bushmen. Cape Town: UCT Press. Book 1.indb 167 10/12/15 10:57 AM D O R O T H E A B L E E K 168   6.  For folklore, foundational works are R. Hewitt. 1986. Structure, Meaning and Ritual in the Narratives of the Southern San. Hamburg: Helmut Buske; M. Guenther . 1999. Tricksters and Trancers: Bushman Religion and Society. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. More recently, see M. Wessels. 2010. Bushman Letters: Interpreting /Xam Narratives. Johannesburg: Wits University Press. For rock art interpretation, foundational works in the discipline are J.D. Lewis-­ Williams. 1981. Believing and Seeing: Symbolic Meanings in Southern San Rock Art. London : Academic Press; and P. Vinnicombe. 1976. People of the Eland: Rock Paintings of the Drakensberg Bushmen as a Reflection of Their Life and Thought. Pietermaritzburg : University of Natal Press.   7. Bank, Bushmen in a Victorian World, 32.    8.  For a fine-grained analysis of the faltering beginnings of the project, see A. Bank. 2002. ‘From Pictures to Performance: Early Learning at the Hill’. Kronos 28, 66–101.    9.  The entire collection comprises 110 Lucy Lloyd /Xam notebooks, 17 Lloyd (mostly) !Kung notebooks and 28 Wilhelm Bleek /Xam notebooks. It also includes two Korana and !Kung notebooks compiled by Jemima Bleek. There are four Lloyd Korana notebooks in the Maingard Collection at the University of South Africa. See (accessed 20 August 2013). 10. See Bank, Bushmen in a Victorian World, especially Chapter 13 and 351–371. 11.  For a history of the dispossession of the Cape San, see M. Adhikari. 2010. The Anatomy of a South African Genocide: The Extermination of the Cape San Peoples . Cape Town: UCT Press; N. Penn. 1996.‘“Fated to Perish”: The Destruction of the Cape San’, in Skotnes, Miscast, 81–91. 12.  A. Bank. 2000. ‘Evolution and Racial Theory: The Hidden Side of Wilhelm Bleek’. South African Historical Journal 43, (1), 7. For more on this debate, see the discussion in M. Wessels. 2008. ‘New Directions in /Xam Studies: Some of the Implications of Andrew Bank’s Bushmen in a Victorian World: The Remarkable Story of the Bleek-Lloyd Collection of Bushman Folklore’. Critical Arts 22 (1), 69–82; see also S. Moran. 2009. Representing Bushmen: South Africa and the Origin of Language. Rochester: University of Rochester Press. 13. See (accessed 28 October 2011) for the Memory of the World register, where the collection...


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