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135 Endnotes Introduction 1 The most comprehensive and still unsurpassed analysis is that of Derick Thomson in his The Gaelic Sources of Macpherson’s Ossian (Aberdeen: Aberdeen University Press, 1952). See also Derick Thomson, ‘James Macpherson – the Gaelic Dimension’ in Fiona Stafford and Howard Gaskill (eds), From Gaelic to Romantic: Ossianic Translations (Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1998), pp. 17–26. 2 Hume to Blair, 19 September 1763, reproduced in Thomas Bailey Saunders, The Life and Letters of James Macpherson (London and New York: S. Sonnenschein & Co., 1894), p. 206; ‘Preface’ in Howard Gaskill (ed.), The Poems of Ossian and Related Works (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1995), p. 412. 3 Fiona Stafford, The Sublime Savage: James Macpherson and the Poems of Ossian (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1988), p. 165. 4 Saunders, Life, p. 217. 5 Ibid., p. 232. 6 This was published anonymously and is attributed to James, though Saunders believes John responsible for some of it. The Carnatic is a coastal region of South East India. 7 Balavil is rendered in a number of ways: sometimes Belleville, Belville, or Bellville. 8 See Saunders, pp. 281–84. 9 Jerome McGann, The Poetics of Sensibility: A Revolution in Literary Style (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996), p. 33; Robert Crawford, The Modern Poet (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001), p. 41. 10 See Dafydd Moore (ed.), Ossian and Ossianism vol. 3 (London: Routledge, 2004) for a collection of the range of critical responses evoked by the poems during the first thirty years after their publication. 136 endnotes 11 Saunders, Life, J. S. Smart, James Macpherson: An Episode in Literature (London: D. Nutt, 1905). 12 See for example, Leith Davis, Acts of Union (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999). 13 For Macpherson and the Gaelic world, see Lesa Ní Mhunghaile’s contribution to this collection. For Macpherson and folklore studies, see the special issue of the Journal of American Folklore 114.454 (2001), in particular the contributions of Thomas McKean and James Porter. For interpretations of the forgery row see, as a selection, Kevin Hart, Samuel Johnson and the Culture of Property (Cambridge, 1999), pp. 136–50; Andrew Hook, ‘“Ossian” Macpherson as Image Maker’, Scottish Review 36 (1984), pp. 39–44; Jack Lynch, ‘Samuel Johnson’s “Love of Truth” and Literary Fraud’, Studies in English Literature 42.3 (2002), pp. 601–18; Katie Trumpener, Bardic Nationalism: The Romantic Novel and the British Empire (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1997), chapter 2; Ian Haywood, The Making of History: A Study of the Literary Forgeries of James Macpherson and Thomas Chatterton in Relation to Eighteenth-Century Ideas of History and Fiction (Rutherford NJ: Fairleigh Dickenson University Press, 1986); Susan Manning, ‘Henry Mackenzie’s Report on Ossian: Cultural Authority in Transition’, Modern Language Quarterly 68.4 (2007), pp. 517–39; Matthew Wickman, ‘The Allure of the Improbable: Fingal, Evidence, and the Testimony of the ‘Echoing Heath’’, PMLA 115.2 (2000), pp. 181–94. 14 See Howard Gaskill (ed.), The Reception of Ossian in Europe (London: Continuum, 2004) for an unrivalled survey of Macpherson’s influence across thirteen European languages. On the question of Ossian’s impact on art, see Murdo Macdonald’s contribution to the current volume for a continuation of and updating to his contribution to Gaskill’s collection. 15 The single exception would be John Dunn’s unpublished PhD thesis ‘The Role of Macpherson’s Ossian in the Development of British Romanticism’ (University of Michigan, 1965). For a sample of the work that has been carried out, see Fiona Stafford, ‘“Dangerous Success”: Ossian, Wordsworth and English Romantic Literature’, in Howard Gaskill (ed.), Ossian Revisited, (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1991), pp. 49–72 and ‘Romantic Macpherson’ in Murray Pittock (ed.), The Edinburgh Companion to Scottish Romanticism, (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2011), pp. 27–38; ‘Macpherson’s Ossian: A Special Issue’, Scotlands 4.1 (1997); 137 endnotes Dafydd Moore, ‘Tennyson, Malory and the Ossianic Mode: The Poems of Ossian and the Death of Arthur’, Review of English Studies 57.230 (2006), pp. 374–91. 16 See Murray Pittock, Irish and Scottish Romanticism (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008) for a full discussion of the methodological dilemmas of Romantic revisionism in these terms (and also pp. 71–80 for specific discussion of Macpherson). 17 John Kerrigan, Archipelagic English: Literature, History and Politics 1603–1707 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009). 18 Gerard Carruthers and Alan Rawes, ‘Introduction’, English Romanticism and the Celtic World (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003), p. 19. For a clear account of the approach and the way it changes our perception of the...