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265 Index Page references followed by a t indicate a table. Accreditation, Supervision & Regulation of ART Clinics in India, 45 ACS (American Citizen Services Unit), 129–30, 136 adoption: in Australia, 30, 88; humanitarian justifications for, 65; in Israel, 79; in Norway, 138; reasons for rejecting, 243n3; vs. transnational surrogacy, 73–74; in the United States, 65; waiting periods for, 88 Agarwal, Kanupriya (pseud. Durga), 39–40 agency and power in surrogates’ lives, 195–222; agents’ work, 197–99, 207–16, 220–21; Antara and Rahul’s story (case study), 196, 208–16, 220–21, 225; constrained agency, 204–8; the contract process, 207–8; gender/reproductive/ family relations, 201–4; marriage and gender relations, 203–4, 216–20; Nishi’s story (case study), 195–96, 198, 203–8, 221, 243n4 (ch 7); overview of, 25, 195–99; Parvati and Kapil’s story (case study), 196, 216–21; surrogacy likened to sex work, 219; surrogates as breeders vs. breadwinners, 199–200, 242n3 Agreement on Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), 37 Ahearn, Laura, 202 Ahmed, Leila, 241n4 (ch 2) Alma Ata declaration, 36 Althusser, Louis, 13 Ambedkar, B. R., 236–37, 243n4 (appendix ) American Citizen Services Unit (ACS), 129–30, 136 American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, 175 Anagnost, Ann, 65 Anderson, Benedict, 12, 127 anthropology, multisited research vs. area studies in, 16–17 Appadurai, Arjun, 11 ARTs (assisted reproductive technologies), 34, 45, 101, 161; artificial wombs, 75; in India, history of, 39–42, 45, 240n3; in Indian infertility clinics, 8, 237–38; as infertility treatment, 96; low birth weight of babies conceived by, 175; multiple pregnancies conceived by, 175; norms aligned with, 6; in Norway, 137– 39; racial preferences of consumers of, 97; regulations regarding, 5–6; scope of, 5; success rates of, 161; test-tube babies, earliest, 39–40. See also doctors’ medicalization of women’s pregnancies ; Indian surrogacy; IVF; surrogacy Asians, racialization of, 150 assisted reproductive technologies. See ARTs Australia: adoption in, 30, 88; cesarean rates in, 175; surrogacy laws in, 30–31, 88 Ayurvedic medicine, 75 266 | Index Baby M, 69 Bailey, Alison, 15, 200 Balibar, Étienne, 126 Banerjee, Amrita, 92, 97 Basu, Srimati, 204 Becker, Gay, 68 belonging, 125, 127, 137 Bengal, kinship in, 75 Beteille, Andre, 100 bioavailability, 5 bioethics, practice-oriented approaches to, 230 birth, medicalized. See doctors’ medicalization of women’s pregnancies birth certificates, 134–36, 139 birth mothers, use of term, 15 births in hospitals vs. at home, 38, 240n2 blood: and belonging, 125; jus sanguinis (right of blood), 127, 129, 137; kinship based on, 7, 12, 75, 93, 125; and nationalism , 126; purity of, 126 Bombay Municipal Corporation (Mumbai ), 40 Boris, Eileen, 76, 148 Bridges, Khiara, 13, 134, 158, 160, 180, 221 Brodwin, Paul, 102 Brown, Louise, 39 Buddhists, 236–37 Butler, Anneliese, 68 Butler, Judith, 196 Buzinde, Christine N., 44 Campbell, Ben, 102 Canadian surrogacy, 161 Can We See the Baby Bump, Please?, 7 Casper, Monica, 5 caste, 99–100, 109, 150–53, 156, 219, 236–37, 243n4 cesarean sections. See under doctors ’ medicalization of women’s pregnancies Chakrabarty, Dipesh, 153 child marriage, 203 China, 65, 174 cholera, 35 citizenship, 123–44; definitions of, 128; European consuls general’s letter regarding, 123–24; flexible, 128; in India, 128; Kari Ann Volden’s story (case study), 242n2 (ch 4); and kinship, 126–27, 143–44; Marla and Roland’s story (case study), 141–43; Marlene’s story (case study), 131–33, 136; Norwegian, and dictates of motherhood, 136–44, 242n2 (ch 4); overview of, 23–24, 123–25; Patricia and Jonas’s story (case study), 133–36; Paul and Astrid’s story (case study), 138–41, 143; racialized practices of citizenship/family/motherhood, 125– 28; U.S., privileging genes in, 128–36, 144 Cohen, Lawrence, 5 Colen, Shellee, 9 colonialism: and control/management of childbirth, 201; discursive, 15; rescue narratives of, 65, 241n4 (ch 2); and skin color, 126 commissioning parents, interviews with/ data on, 233–36, 243nn1–3 (appendix) commodification of intimate relations, 148–51 Confederation of Indian Industries, 234 Consular Report of Birth Abroad (CRBA), 129–30, 134–36 contraception, 40–41, 205 Cooper, Melinda, 154 Corea, Gena, 199 CRBA (Consular Report of Birth Abroad), 129–30, 134–36 Dalits, 99, 152, 236–37, 243n4 (appendix) Daniels, Cynthia R., 101 Das, Purba, 150 DasGupta, Sayantani, 66, 71 Dasgupta, Shamita Das, 66, 71 Index | 267 DeclarationoftheInternationalConference onPopulationandDevelopment,41 discursive colonialism, 15 divorce, 195, 203–4 DNA testing, 129–30, 132, 134, 140 doctors, interviews with/data on, 237–38...

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Additional Information

ISBN
9781479849574
Related ISBN
9781479804214
MARC Record
OCLC
954220519
Pages
288
Launched on MUSE
2016-12-06
Language
English
Open Access
No
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