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adal awat: red stone adarawb: red adat: maximal lineages (Tu-Badawie for tree branches) aib: (Arabic) shameful, dishonor Aid Aladaha: (Arabic) sacrifice fete Aid Alfitr: (Arabic) post-Ramadan fete ‘ajwa: soft dates alhishan/hishan: (Arabic) urban-style housing with enclosed walls almanaqib: (Arabic) virtues, feats altusa’: (Arabic) one-ninth amara: temporary land rights arad: herb (acacia etbaica) arid: fertility blockage ashraf: (Arabic) descendants of the Prophet (sing. sharif, honorable) ‘ashwai: (Arabic) unplanned residential areas askari: (Arabic) soldier asl: (Arabic) original 181 Glossary of Tu-Badawie and Arabic Words audimim aubrinau: disappearance of rain audrar: evening meal aufrai dairsnat: tired of childbirth aukam: camel aulib: hinterland region aumaudia: (Arabic) leadership aumda: maximal lineage leader aumkir: consultation; council; wise men aunash: funeral bed auqadat: knots auqashabi: Pharaonic circumcision auqaw: home auqunub: coastal region aur: boy; boyhood ausaf: bridewealth aushar: evil auslif: the familiar and habitual auyam: womb azan: (Arabic) call for prayer Badawait: Bedouin badab: seven mats for building the tent bahai natu: loosely means neglected children (motherless) bakhaur timan: (Arabic) twin frankincense, also lauban timan bala: (Arabic) misfortune or catastrophe balawait: northern Sudanese; also implies foreigner, intruder, superior baraka: (Arabic) blessing bibaub: a male dance bidaiqaw: tent birnsa: appropriation of the English word “princess.” It is used satirically to refer to the (small) Toyota trucks, introduced in the 1980s and locally accessorized to serve as public transport vehicles. bukar: timber room bura: spinster dabalaub: little ones (mainly children) daims: (Arabic) an old term that refers to working-class neighborhoods dairwawut: seven-herb mixture dawrib: good, nice, beautiful dikhaulia: livestock market diwab: minimal lineage dura: sorghum; also durra durarit: loosely translates as “honor” duriatuaur: maternal cousin duriaur: paternal cousin fak alarid: (Arabic) ceremony for untying the blockage faqiria: (Arabic) religious woman (masc. faqir; plural masc. fuqara; plural fem. faqiriat) 182 Glossary of Tu-Badawie and Arabic Words farasha: (Arabic) maid fauta: the Beja female body wrap feki: (Arabic) religious man finjan: (Arabic) coffee cup Halab: (Arabic) Aleppo in Syria, believed to be the original homeland of Gypsies halafa: reverse logic halaib: mentally ill (fem. halait) halaqat: deserted halaqin: animal or money gift for the groom from his relatives hamaustib: respect haram: religiously unsanctioned hargal: herb (solenostemma argel) hasbib: refugee hasham: respect (modesty) hashaw: refers to spirits (jinn) Haulia: annual memorial of Alsharifa Maryam, the granddaughter of the founder of the Khatmiyya brotherhood hautaun: grandmother hila: (Arabic) neighborhood hisra: measles; also hisba ibanon: labia minora iblis: (Arabic) devil; also shaitan ibn ‘am: (Arabic) father’s brother’s son iharaw: proposal ijar: red spirits; spirit possession synonymous with zar in northern Sudan imbad: sword imbarar: cold disease imidraq: wood fire situated in front of the tent’s entrance indicating childbirth imiquad: right-hand side indiwab: family or sub-lineage inqabad: (Arabic) seized iqatha: (Arabic) relief food italaw: lightning itriquad: left-hand side jabana: coffee; also coffee pot jallaba: (Arabic) northern Sudanese traders jantaib: spirits; (Arabic) jinn jantaib adarawb: red spirits jantaib ailab: white spirits jantaib hadal: black spirits jibali: (Arabic) mountains joza: aromatic herb kabaun: a kind of amulet that contains several herbs and is worn for protection; it may also contain black cumin (kamaun) or black grain (alhaba alsawda in Arabic) kala: Beja cargo dockworkers’ organization kalawab: stomach Glossary of Tu-Badawie and Arabic Words 183 kamaub: red wood karama: (Arabic) sacrifice katkauta: whooping cough khala: (Arabic) desert, rural area khalawi: (Arabic) religious schools (sing. khalwa) kharaba: (Arabic) ruins khasa: slaves; used to refer to the Beni Amir khaur: seasonal stream Khawada: European; also Khawaja khumra: (Arabic) a mix of oil perfumes, cloves, and musk kishab: black of slave descent kiyaus: half fauta worn by pubescent girls kohl: black substance used to color the edges of the eyelids kufia: (Arabic) head cover for men; it can also be tossed over shoulders, also shall kulail: silver bracelet kulausai: suspicious kulup: hairstyle for boys kurbadj: (Arabic) a whip kustani: costume for a European spirit lailit: evil eye mabrauka: (Arabic) blessed mahalab: aromatic herb maryaub: hairstyle characterized by big braids that prepares a pregnant woman for delivery masait: blessed (masc. masaib) mihaya: (Arabic) blessed water mikhashash: golden necklace with a foreign figure charm mindil: long red head scarf similar to the shall or kufia worn by men in many Middle Eastern countries miskit: golden necklace mista: bed curtain mutwai: winter muzawria: dock laborers nadur: a binding promise to God and his saints nazir: tribal leader qabilat: tribe qafir: (Arabic) guard qaila: an early afternoon spirit-possession ceremony qalad: council of consultation that includes...


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