Index
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Index AC1, 23–26, 28, 31, 54, 57, 59, 64, 65, 68, 160, 161, 206 AC2, 23, 25, 28, 31, 32, 53, 54, 57, 59, 62 AC2(a), 23–26, 28, 31, 32, 53, 57–65, 68–70, 81, 82, 86, 89, 155, 209 AC2(am), 25, 35, 53, 54, 57, 65, 68–70, 81, 86, 97, 114, 155, 160, 161 AC2(bo), 24–26, 28, 31, 32, 35, 37, 40, 53, 57–59, 61–65, 68, 69, 75, 85, 89, 116, 117, 155, 206 AC2(bu), 24–26, 28, 31, 32, 35, 37, 53, 57–63, 65, 75, 85, 116, 117, 155, 206 AC2(c), 74 AC2+(a), 81, 82, 85, 86, 89, 93, 94, 96, 97, 101, 120 AC2+(am), 81, 84–86, 101, 114, 120 AC3, 23–25, 27, 28, 31, 54, 57, 60, 64, 65, 68, 160, 161, 206 accountability, 204, 205, 211, 212 actual world, see world acyclic causal model, see causal model, recursive Adams, D., 139 Adams, E., 103 Alechina, N., 184 Aleksandrowicz, G., 168, 184 algebraic conditional plausibility measure, see plausibility measure Alicke, M., 103 Alvarez, L. W., 5 Alvarez, W., 5 anti-symmetric relation, 17, 80 Asaro, M., 5 axiom, 154–156, 168 axiom system, 154 Balke, A., 74 Barbey, A. K., 104 Baumgartner, M., 6 Bayesian network, 71, 140–142, 147, 167 Beckers, S., ix, 105 Beebee, H., 103 Beer, I., 208, 210 Bell, J. S., 7 Ben-David, S., 208, 210, 212 Bennett, J., 136, 201 best witness, 86, 87, 94, 96, 98 binary model, see causal model, binary blame, 1, 40, 46, 53, 55, 75, 94, 99, 169–171, 173– 179, 183–185, 188, 195, 203, 204 Bloom, D., 103 Box, G. E. P., 107 Briggs, R., 71, 168 but-for cause, 3, 4, 7, 12, 23, 26, 29, 35, 36, 38–41, 43–46, 53, 55, 57, 63, 66, 67, 73, 83, 87, 92, 93, 96, 100, 109, 110, 112, 171, 172, 177, 178, 181, 185 bystander effect, 178, 179, 183 Casati, R., 72 causal beam, 70 causal formula, 20, 21, 56, 155, 158, 188 causal graph, see causal network causal model, 13–16, 18, 19, 21, 35, 38, 41–45, 47– 51, 66, 71 binary, 154 extended, 81, 84, 90, 119–122, 132, 139, 145, 150, 159 insufficiently expressive, 108, 109, 124, 125, 194 nonrecursive, 56–58, 75 recursive, 16, 21, 33, 34, 56, 57, 67, 70, 75, 127, 155, 156, 164 causal network, 16, 18, 30, 33, 35, 39, 41, 45, 59, 61, 62, 66, 70, 71, 100, 141, 142, 144, 145, 178, 194 causal path, 23, 24, 45, 46, 61–63, 65–69, 75, 115 causal setting, 21, 23, 38, 45, 46, 48, 53, 66, 97, 169, 170, 173–175, 178–181, 185, 188, 199, 200, 206 causes of effects, 5, 48 Chajewska, U., 201, 202 Chekov, A., 77 Chockler, H., ix, 168, 183, 184, 208, 210, 212, 213 Chu, F., 186 closest-word semantics for counterfactuals, 71 co-NP, see computational complexity, co-NP compact representation, 140–144 complete assignment, 56, 79, 122 complete axiomatization, 157, 162 complexity, see computational complexity computational complexity, 140, 151–154, 157, 158, 160, 161, 165–168, 184, 211 C-complete, 153 225 226 Index C-hard, 152 co-NP, 152 complexity class, 151 co-NP, 151, 152, 157, 158, 160 DP 1 , 168 DP 1 -complete, 154, 160, 161 DP 2 -complete, 153 DP k , 152, 160, 168 EXPTIME, 151 NP, 160 NP, 151, 154, 160, 166, 167 NP-complete, 154, 157, 160, 161, 165, 168, 210 NP-hard, 152 ΠP k , 152 polynomial hierarchy, 152, 153, 168 polynomial time, 151–153, 160, 166, 207, 210 PSPACE, 151 ΣP 1 , 152 ΣP 2 , 152 ΣP 2 -complete, 153 ΣP 3 , 152 condition, 19 condition (vs. cause), 19, 72 conditional independence, see independence (of variables ) conditional plausibility measure, see plausibility measure conjunctive model of forest fire, see forest-fire example , conjunctive model conjunctive query, see query, conjunctive conservative extension, 115–123, 127–133, 135 consistent with axiom system, 154, 162, 168 context, 17, 19, 21, 24–26, 28, 30–32, 34–39, 42– 44, 46, 51, 53–59, 61, 63, 68, 70, 74, 75, 174 contingency, 4, 23, 28, 32, 36, 38, 40, 57–61, 88, 90–92, 109–112, 124, 134, 191, 210 contributory cause, 70, 136 Cook, S., 167 counterfactual, 2, 3, 6, 7, 15, 23, 43, 53, 54, 61, 70, 71, 142, 188, 201, 203, 207, 212, 213 counterfactual dependence, see dependence (of one variable...


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