39 From Vagunbe to Parovoza
In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:

394 From Vagunbe to Parovoza Seen Off. The Taytsziberа River. Kartun. The Hostile Attitude of the Chinese. A Refusal to Provide Shelter. Orienteering by Smell. Lofanza. Myaolin. An Unruly Host. Parovoza. The Neytsukhe River. We continued on our way the next morning, which was November 8th. AlltheUdegesawusoff.Thismotleythrongmadeforastrangesight with their sun-darkened faces and squirrel-tail hats.1 There was something wild and naïve in each movement the crowd made. We walked in the middle of this group, next to the elders, while the younger Udege ran about distracted by tracks of Eurasian otter, red fox, andmountainhare.Whenwereachedtheedgeoftheclearingthenatives stopped, and we separated from the crowd. An old gray-haired man came forward. He gave me a lynx claw and told me to put it in my pocket to keep me from forgetting their appeal regarding Li Tan Kuy. After that, we parted. The Udege returned from whence they came, and we continued on our own way. From the mouth of the Sinantsa, the Iman shifts direction and flows north until it reaches the Tkhetibe. This inflow has three names: the Gold call it Tekibira, the Udege call it Tegibyaza, and the Russians call it Taytszibera. From there the Iman again turns to the west, a direction it follows until reaching its confluence with the Ussuri River. The Iman 1. See plate 36 for an image of an Udege hunter with a squirrel-tail hat. 39 From Vagunbe to Parovoza 395 Rivervalleyconsistsofanalternatingseriesofdenudedandtectonicsections .ThistypeofvalleyisparticularlycommoninthePriamurskyKray. Between the Sinantsa and Tkhetibe Rivers, the Iman takes on the following tributaries on its left side: first the Tashidokhe (50 kilometers long) and then the Kheysyngou (10 kilometers long). There is a mountain called Lomazatszun between their mouths. Then there is a small river called the Mydagouza (6 kilometers long) and a mountain of the same name, and then finally the Syaoshibakhe River. On its right side, also sequentially, are the Vagunbe (40 kilometers long) with a smaller tributary the Taingou (6 kilometers long), and then the Tsutsuvayza River (15 kilometers long). The Taytszibera River is 100 kilometers long and littered with logjams . Its upper reaches flows from east to west, and only closer to its mouth does it turn to the south. The whole valley is covered with dense coniferous-mixed forest. In its lower reaches, the Taytszibera has the following tributaries flowing into its right side: the Tsologouza (12 kilometers long), the Chantszuyzu (there is a mountain there of the same name),theSibicha, theKhanikheza,theBeylaza,and theDunantsa.The Sibicha begins with the confluence of the Syaosibicha and the Sanchaza Rivers, and has an average flow speed of 9 kilometers per hour, is about 1.5metersdeep,andisabout50meterswideatitsmouth.Ifyoufollowthe first of these it is possible to reach the Beytsukhe River in two days. Following the latter will get you to the Shitokhe River (an upper tributary of the Bikin) in four days. The following rivers flow into the Taytszibera’s left side: the Nantsa (25 kilometers long), the Tyapigou (20 kilometers long), the Tsamtsagouza (30 kilometers long), the Poumazygou (12 kilometers long), and the Talingouza (40 kilometers long).2 Between the mouths of the Tsamtsagouza and the Poumazygou stands a fairly tall mountain called Logozuyza. 2. Poumazygou means “valley of leopards” in Chinese; this is notable because this river valley (now the Prodolinka River, near the village Glubinnoye), is more than 300 kilometers north of historical Amur leopard distribution. It is unlikely that leopards ever lived this far north, based on environmental conditions, but it is possible that the valley was named after a dispersing male was seen there (leopards were occasionally recorded in the Sikhote-Alin Reserve, which is similarly far north; Kolesnikov 1938). 396 The 1906 Expedition After taking on the Taytszibera, the Iman turns west, and here it is about 140 meters wide and 3 or 4 meters deep. Two small rivers join its flow a little lower on its left bank: the Shandapouza (8 kilometers long) and the Kaulantun (15 kilometers long). The Chinese call this latter river the Dinzakhe (the gold river). Insummer,whenwalkingthroughtheforest,itisimportanttofocus on the trail so as not to lose it. But in winter it was clearly visible among the bare bushes. This greatly simplified my survey work. It’s only in the rarest of places that the Iman flows in only one channel . More often, it issplit into multiple channels,some ofwhicharequite long and go quite far afield. Of these, the most notable are the Tagouza, the Nallyu, and the Kartunskaya. We were easily fatigued these days...


pdf

Subject Headings

  • Ussuri River Valley (Russia and China) -- Description and travel.
  • Natural history -- Ussuri River Valley (Russia and China).
  • Dersu Uzala.
  • Arsenʹev, V. K. (Vladimir Klavdievich), 1872-1930 -- Travel -- Ussuri River Valley (Russia and China).
  • You have access to this content
  • Free sample
  • Open Access
  • Restricted Access