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Everyday Violence of Exclusion / 79 drunk. Marina, the only woman in the house, was afraid that they would rape her.This was the main reason she left with her children’s father when he asked her to go with him. Unfortunately, her situation did not improve. They lived with his mother. Some time later, Marina had twin girls. Her mother-in-law ran a bar in the house, and there were men around drinking all the time. She again feared for herself and now also for her babies. Her husband also would drink,and so did his mother.When drunk,they often would start fighting with Marina and then kick her out of the house with her children. She had nowhere to go.Then someone told her about UPAVIM. Marina became a member immediately .She would take her twins to the day care and work sewing handbags. Though her income was limited, she was happy that there was a place where she could work while her children were taken care of. She liked not having to depend on her husband’s income. After two years, Marina had another daughter, Katy. She was born with a serious heart defect, a problem that required immediate attention, but there was no help available in Guatemala. Upon learning about the baby’s situation, UPAVIM’s advisor contacted international programs to see if she could get the life-saving surgery for Katy. It took some time to find a place, a doctor, and a means of transportation. Finally, Marina and her baby left for New York to get the surgery. The baby was already nine months old. But the doctors determined that the baby would die on the operating table. It was too late to save her life. While she was in the United States, Marina’s twins stayed with their father. He would call her long distance from UPAVIM and demand that she return because the twins had become sick with asthma. He would harass her on the phone, saying that she was just having a good time with other men and that she would pay the consequences upon her return. Her friends at UPAVIM urged her to stay in the United States and try to save her baby’s life.They took care of the twins at UPAVIM during the day and went to their home in the evenings to give them their medications. When I was there [in the United States] jealousy was killing him. And you should have seen what kind of reception I got upon my return! He was fighting with me; he told me horrible things, and that I was worthless . . . [and] that I had lovers . . . [and] all I could do was cry. He had been drinking a lot. I came back and I needed support and he treated me like that. . . . Sometimes when I’m not paying attention, he will throw me a punch and I get hurt. I have to try to dodge his blows; it’s all I can do. Lately he thinks I have something to do with his younger brother. I can’t be happy anywhere I am because he is jealous of everyone—even my father and my brother. . . . Here at UPAVIM we have to run errands, but he won’t let me. . . . When he is sober I tell him how he’s treated me when 80 / Goldín and Rosenbaum he was drunk and he apologizes. But he says he can’t control it, that this is who he is, and that he is just very jealous. Marina now has five children and her life continues to be difficult.She earns some money sewing at UPAVIM, but hardly enough to support five children. She owns her land and now has leverage vis-à-vis her husband—he can no longer oust her in the middle of the night. She says she feels that UPAVIM is her home, her children are in good hands at the association’s school, and she has friends there that give her support. Many of the women we interviewed spoke of similar difficult conditions. Evelina says: After eight years of marriage I became pregnant. I was working at a factory then, and his family said that this child wasn’t my husband’s. When my daughter was born, he arrived at the hospital and began to unwrap her.The nurse asked him, “What are you doing, sir?” “I’m looking to see if this baby is my daughter.” . . .Then...


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MARC Record
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