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243 Index AAUP. See American Association of University Professors Abrams, Kathryn, 92 ADA. See Americans with Disabilities Act ADEA. See Age Discrimination in Employment Act advancement and retention, barriers to, 177 affirmative action cases, 184 affirmative defense: avoiding employer liability with, 39, 81; making, 81, 85, 170, 194 Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA, 1967), 112–­ 14 aggressiveness, competitiveness and, 152, 176, 191–­95 Alito, Justice, 202 American Association of University Professors (AAUP), 185–­ 86 American Bar Association, 213 American Sociological Association, 206 Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA, 1990), 113–­15 amicus briefs, 91, 213 amygdala, 138–­39 Anderson v. Zubieta, 128 Angle, Sharron, 24 anticlassification theory, 48 antidiscrimination laws, 107, 132, 199, 215 antiharassment policy, 39, 104 antisubordination theory, 48, 57, 58, 80 “applied” social framework evidence, 93, 96, 202–­3 Ash v. Tyson Foods, Inc., 94 Asians: failure-­ to-­ hire case, 131; stereotypes of, 192, 194 authoritarianism, 29–­ 30, 160 Ayanna, Ariel, 7, 30, 157, 159, 162–­ 68 Ayanna v. Dechert LLP, 7, 30, 157, 159, 162–­ 68, 222n2 Back v. Hastings on Hudson Free School District, 167 Baldwin v. Foxx, 222n1 Barnes v. Costle, 37 Barneyville police department, 172–­ 80 Bartlett, Kate, 144 baseball, x, 218 bathroom facilities, failure to provide clean, 127, 188–­ 89 Bazemore v. Friday, 119 Beiner, Theresa, 170 Berman, William H., 2, 5 BFOQ. See bona fide occupational qualification Bielby, William, 120–­ 22, 143, 201–­ 3, 207 biological clock, of women, 183 bisexual harasser, 74 black men: Ash v. Tyson Foods, Inc., 94; Martin, J., as “not black enough,” 8–­ 9, 99–­ 100; performance of masculinity by, 16, 209; stereotypes of, 9, 19, 193, 210 blacks: Barneyville police department and, 172–­ 74; black women, stereotypes of, 8, 19, 192–­ 93; disparate impact and, 124–­ 25, 127, 184–­ 85; disparate treatment and, 109–­10, 118–­19 blatant masculinities, 31, 32 244 | Index blue-­ collar workplaces: gendered male and female jobs in, 22; hypermasculinity in, 24–­ 27, 209; performance of masculinity by, 16; sexual harassment and, ix, 7, 218–­ 19; white-­ collar workplaces compared to, 20, 24, 31, 52, 64 bona fide occupational qualification (BFOQ), 150, 170, 223n2 Borgida, Eugene, 205 breadwinners, men as, 19–­ 20, 26, 158–­ 71, 181–­82, 184 bullying: of Martin, J., 1–­ 3, 5, 9; in schools, xii; sexual harassment compared to, xii Burlington Industries v. Ellerth, 39 Burlington Northern & Santa Fe Railway Co. v. White, 94 but-­ for causation: proof methodologies , 111–­ 12, 117; of sexual harassment, 46–­47 Calabresi, Judge, 167 Camouflage Isn’t Only for Combat (Herbert ), 60 Carbado, Devon: at “Masculinity and Law” symposium, xiii; on men as outsiders, 26 careerism, 7, 30, 160, 164–­ 65 caregiver, women as, 15, 152–­ 57, 182 causation: but-­ for, 46–­ 47, 111–­ 12, 117; definition , of intent, 134–­ 35, 141, 144, 145; employment practices and, 128; -­ plus definition, of intent, 135–­ 36, 144, 148 Center for WorkLife Law, 27–­ 28 Chen, Anthony, 194 Chicanas, 193 childcare: responsibilities for, 162, 164, 166, 182, 186; “tag-­ teaming,” 20; workplaces and, 20, 27–­ 28 Civil Rights Act (1964): amendments to, 110–­ 11; passage of, 109, 134. See also Title VII, of Civil Rights Act (1964) Civil Rights Act (1991): amendments to, 111, 115–­ 17, 128; new provisions under, 144; passage of, 124, 126; Section 2000e-­2 of, 188–­89, 224nn2–­3 class: certification process, 207; class actions , 118–­ 23, 143; hidden injury of, 28; Martin, J., and, 2–­ 4, 8–­ 10, 33. See also protected classes “clubby” behavior, among men, 218 code-­switching, 189 cognitive theory, on stereotypes, x, 136–­37 Collier, Richard: on law firms, 7, 160, 168; on proving masculinity, x Collins, Richard, xiii Collinson, David: on insurance sales, 79; on masculine performances, 24–­ 27, 160; on masculinities in white-­ collar workplaces, 29–­ 30, 164; on proving masculinity, x; on shop cultures, 24–­ 27, 218 Collinson, Margaret, 79 command presence, 173–­ 80 comparators, 114 competitiveness: aggressiveness and, 152, 176, 191–­ 95; competitive ritual behaviors, 25 Connell, Raewyn, x contexts: different, 45, 49, 57–­ 58, 81; importance of, 93–­ 98; of professional football, 8, 45; social, 56, 94; variations in, 15–­ 16, 33, 101 “Contextual Evidence of Gender Discrimination : The Ascendance of ‘Social Frameworks’” (Monahan, Walker and Mitchell, G.), 203 contra-­ power harassment, 51–­ 52; female subordinate harassers/male supervisor victim, 63–­ 64; male subordinate harasser/female supervisor victim, 62; same-­sex, 64 Cooper, Frank Rudy, xii–­ xiii, 215 court of appeals panel, composition of, 213 Cunningham-­Parmeter, Keith, 158–­59 Index | 245 damages, compensatory and punitive, 111, 191 Daubert v. Merrell...

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Additional Information

ISBN
9780814764329
Related ISBN
9780814796139
MARC Record
OCLC
946606260
Pages
272
Launched on MUSE
2016-07-31
Language
English
Open Access
No
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