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219 Page numbers in italics refer to illustrations. A-4 rockets, 131–32, 133 Abitur, 98 Absolon, Rudolf, 6 Afrikakorps, 171, 173–74 agriculture, 128–29 aircraft production, 1939–1945, 127 air force. See Luftwaffe Albania, 168 Algeria, 188 allied armies, 61 allies of Germany, 87–90 Alsatians, 77 annihilation apparatus: Waffen SS and, 40. See also war of annihilation “annihilation through work” concept, 115, 128 Anti-Comintern Pact (1936), 11, 88 anti-Semitism, 10, 108 antitank weapons, 49 Arbeitsjuden, 113 Ardennes offensive, 47, 68, 191, 194–95 “armament miracle,” 127–28, 187 armament production: 1940 western offensive and, 162; aircraft and tanks, 127; Allied bombing war and, 187; arms, technology, and science, 129–32, 133; the attack against the Soviet Union and, 174–75, 176; mobilization for total war, 136; Albert Speer and the “armament miracle,” 127–28, 187; tank factory, 135; war economy and, 123–28 Armee der Einheit, 203 armies: allied, 61; organization and command structure, 61 armored divisions, 45 armored formations, 52–54 Army Armaments Office, 130–31 army corps: organization and command structure, 60–62; of the Waffen SS, 61. See also corps General Staff Army Court of Honor, 65 Army Group B, 195 Army Group Central, 176, 178, 180, 182, 190, 194 Army Group Don, 62 Army Group North, 178, 180, 182 Army Group South, 180, 188 Army Group Steiner, 196 Army Group Weichsel, 193 army headquarters, 61 Army High Command (OKH): commander in chief of a theater of war, 62; competition with Wehrmacht High Command, 66; general of the eastern troops, 78; Erich von Manstein and, 57; operational concepts and, 58; plan for the 1940 offensive in the west, 162–63; proposed occupation policy for Russia, 142; starvation policy and, 143–44 army personnel office, 62 artificial rubber, 130 artillery, 49–51, 54. See also cannons atomic bombs, 130–31, 197 Auftragstaktik leadership tradition, 19, 92 Austria, 87 Austria-Hungary, 87 Babi Yar massacre, 147 Backe, Herbert, 129 Index 220 Index Baden, Max von, 192 Baku, 188 Baltic nations, 159 basic training, 93, 94–95, 97 battle, experience of, 101–5 “battle neurotics,” 84 battle propaganda, 36 bazookas, 49 Beck, Ludwig, 4, 20, 21, 55, 56, 64, 119 Belgium, 163–64, 165 Benn, Gottfried, 34 Berlin, 194, 196 Berlin Document Center, 6 Berlin Guard, 46 Berlin Sport Palace, 100 Bf 109 Messerschmitt fighters, 163 Bialystok, 176 biographies, 4 bioweapons, 130 Biskaya, 183 blitzkrieg, 164–65, 166 Blomberg, Werner von, 10, 16, 18, 23, 33, 99 Bodenplatte operation, 68 Bolshevism: German fears of, 108 bombing war, 5, 184–87, 189 bordellos, 84 Bormann, Martin, 110 Bradley, Omar N., 195 Brandenburg Division, 47 Brauchitsch, Walther von, 20, 39, 64, 145, 146, 182 Braun, Wernher von, 71 Breslau, 193 Brest-Litovsk, 151 Britain, Battle of, 167 British Bomber Command, 186 British Eighth Army, 173–74 British Expeditionary Force, 156, 165 Bryansk, 180 Budapest, 140, 190 Bulgaria, 87–88, 169 Buna (artificial rubber), 130 Bundesarchiv, 5, 6 Bundesrepublik. See German Federal Republic Bundeswehr, 2 Canaris, Wilhelm, 118 cannon factories, 50 cannons: 8.8 cm cannon, 48; 12.8 cm cannon, 51; infantry cannons, 48. See also artillery carbine 98, 48 Carpathian Line, 190 Casablanca Conference, 189 Catholic Church, 24–25 Caucasians, 77, 78 Caucasus, 59, 170 cavalry divisions, 45, 51–52 cavalry regiments, 32 chain of command, 60–66 Chamberlain, Neville, 164 chemical weapons, 130 chief of armaments for the army, 62 chief of army equipment, 66 chief of the General Staff, 63, 64–65 Churchill, Winston: 1940 German western offensive and, 160, 164; anti-Hitler coalition and, 88, 89; battle against Great Britain and, 166–67; bombing war and, 186, 189; “Greek Expedition” and, 169; Potsdam Conference, 200 civilians: losses during the war, 82, 83, 141, 187; starvation policy and, 143–44 Cologne, 179 combat engineer units, 48 commander in chief of the army, 63, 64 commander in chief of theaters of war, 62 commander of the replacement army, 62, 66 command structures, 60–66 “commissar order,” 146 Index 221 communists, 116 concentration camp prisoners, 113, 114–15 concentration camps, 113–15 Confessional Church, 25–26 conscription, 12, 15–16 Conti, Leonardo, 85 corps General Staff, 60–61 Cossack brigade, 52 Cossacks, 77, 78 counterpropaganda, 36 Crete, 47, 170–71, 172 Croatian Revolutionary Movement, 170 cult of the hero, 32 Cyrenaica, 168, 173 Darré, Walther, 129 death camps, 114 death sentences, 30, 115 death squads. See Einsatzgruppen Decree Concerning Jurisdiction in Court-martials, 27, 29, 145 Defense Economy and Armament Office, 124–25 de Gaulle, Charles...

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