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500 The Sun and the Moon and the Waxing and Waning of the Moon 1 Thea names of the sun are as follows: the first Aryaresb and the secondc Tomas.d 2/ The moon hasa four names: its first name is Asanya,b the secondc Abla,d the third Banase, and the fourth Era.e 3/ These are the two great luminaries. Their roundness is like the roundness of the sky, and the sizea of the two of them is the same. 4/ Ina the disc of the sun there are seven parts of light addedb to it beyond what thec moon has; a specific amountd is placed (in the moon) until the seventhe part of the sun passes over. 5/ They seta and enterb the gatesc of the west and go aroundd the north and emergee through the gates of the east onf the firmament. 6/a When the moon rises, it is visible in the skyb (with)c one-half of a seventh part of alld its light; on the fourteenth it completes its light.e 7/ Fifteen partsa of light are placed in it until its light is completed in fifteenb (days) for the sign of the year. It is in 15 parts, while the moon grows by (units of) one-half of a seventh part. 8/ When ita is waning, on the first dayb it decreasesc to fourteend partse of its light,f and on the next day it decreases to thirteeng parts of light.h On the thirdi it decreases to twelve,j on the fourthk to eleven parts,l on the fifth it decreases to ten parts,m on the sixth it decreases to nine parts, on the seventh it decreases to eight parts, on the eighth it decreases to seven,n on the ninth it decreases to six,o on the tenth it decreasesp to five,q on the eleventh it decreases to four,r on the twelfth it decreases to three, on the thirteenth it decreases to two,s on the fourteenth it decreases to one-half of a seventh partt of all its light,u andv on the fifteenth day the entirew remainder is exhausted. 9/ Duringa certain months the moonb hasc 29 days and sometimes 28.d 10 Uriel showed me another law:a (regarding) when the light is placed in the moon andb from where it is placed (in the moon) from the sun.c 11/ The entirea time the moon progresses it addsb its lightc when facing the sun until in fourteen days its lightd is complete.e When it is all aflame itsf light is completeg in the sky.h 12/ Ona the first day it is calledb the new moonc because ond that day the lighte risesf on it. 13/ Ita is completeb preciselyc on the day the sun sets in the west andd it risese from the east during the night and the moon shines during the entire night,f untilg the sun rises opposite ith and the moon is seeni opposite the sun. 14/ Froma the place where the lightb comesc to the moon,d from there again it decreasese until all the lightf is exhausted. A lunar day passes and its disc remains empty without light. 15/ It fashionsa three monthsb of thirty daysc in its times; when it effects its decreased it fashionse three months of twenty-nine days each, during which it brings aboutf its decrease ing the first time (period) and in the firsth gate, ini 177 days. 16/ Whena it goes out it appearsb for three months, each with thirty days, and three months it appears,c each with twentyd -nine days. 17/ Ata night it appears every twentyb (days) like a man, and at daytime like the sky because there is nothing else in it except its light.c 1a The] The mss. begin the sentence with a conjunction that T9 q β om. b Aryares] The mss. contain various spellings, but the general form of the word is consistent. c second] The α mss. (other than u) use the simple ordinal form (kaµlearrebu, T9 has a synonym yebawweaµšart (“ten”) and šer>aµt (“law”). b and (from)] om. T9 . c the sun] Several α mss. (g [2080 seems corrected to d\ah\ay] m q [t has s\ebaµh\ yewas\s\eaµreb for ya>arreg). f the moon (om. u) shines (“is light” T9 ) during the entire (om. T9 ) night] “the moon during the entire night...


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