The Law of the Phases of the Moon (73)

From: 1 Enoch 2

In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:

429 1a After thisb law I saw a second law for the smaller luminary whose name is the moon. 2/ Its roundness is like the roundness of the sky,a and the wind blowsb its chariot on which it rides, with light being given to it inc measure. 3/ Each month its emergence and settinga change,b and its days are like the days of the sun. Whenc its lightd is evenly distributede (over its surface), it isf one-seventhg the light of the sun. 4/ In this way it rises with its beginning toward east; it emerges on the thirtieth day,a and on that dayb it is visible. It becomes for you the beginning of the month on the thirtieth day with the sunc ind the gate where the sun emerges. 5/ Its half is distanta one-seventh part (from the sun?), and all its disc is empty,b with no light except its seventh part, one-fourteenth part of its light.c 6/ Duringa the day it takesb on a seventh part ofc half its lightd (i.e., one-fourteenth) ande its illuminated section is a half seventh part.f 7/ Ita sets withb the sun, and when the sun rises itc rises with it and receives a half part of light. During that night, at the beginning of its day, at the beginning of the moon’s day, the moon sets with the sun and is dark that night six seventh partsd and a half.e 8/ Ita rises during that day (with) a seventh part exactly. It emerges and recedesb from the rising of the sun and is brightc in the rest of its day six seventh parts. The Law of the Phases of the Moon 73 a 4Q209 7 ii (illustrating the system underlying 1 Enoch 73:1—74:9) 2   [it remains during this day four and one-half sevenths; then it sets and enters and it is covered the rest] of this day 3   [two and one-half] sevenths. blank [During the twenty-fourth night] in it it is covered four and onehalf sevenths and there is subtracted from its light 4   [four and one-half sevenths. T]hen it goes out and shines during the rest of this night two and one-half sevenths. It remains 5   [during] this [d]ay five sevenths. Then it sets and enters and is covered the rest of this day two sevenths. blank 6   During the twenty-fifth night in it it is covered five sevenths and there is subtracted from its light five sevenths. 7   Then it goes out and shines during the rest of this night two sevenths and remains during this day five and one-half sevenths. 8   Then it sets [and] enters the second gate and is covered the rest of this day one and one-half sevenths. blank 9   During the twenty-sixth night in it it is covered five and one-half sevenths, and there is subtracted from its light five and one-half sevenths. 10  Then it emerges from the second gate and shines during the rest of this night one and one-half sevenths, and it remains during this day 11  six sevenths. Then it sets and enters and is covered the rest of this day one seventh. blank During the [twen]ty-seventh night 12  in it it is covered six sevenths, and there is subtracted from its [li]ght [six] sev[enths. Then it emerges and shines] 13  [the res]t of this night one seventh, and it remains during this day [six and one-half sevenths. Then it sets and enters] b After this] T9 inserts   eµri) is found in most of the mss., although the G stem is also possible (2080 has the G form); T9 yereµ  aµta (or a numeral); the β ones have sab  >aµya. 4a on the thirtieth day] “in the thirtieth gate” g; other α copies have different readings: T9 “thirty days”; t “in three (third?) days it emerges”; u “and in the third it emerges.” VanderKamAA.indd 429 8/9/2011 7:23:34 PM 430 The short chapter introduced as the law for the moon is of disproportionate interest because of its relation with material in the synchronistic calendar of 4Q208– 209. Through a myriad of variants in the Ethiopic mss. one can still see in chap. 73 a snippet of a table much like the synchronistic calendar, which divides the lunar surface facing the earth...


pdf