Introduction

From: 1 Enoch 2

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3 Introduction 1 The Book of the Luminaries (chaps. 72–82) might be considered to be an account of Enoch’s tour through the upper parts of the cosmos. The angel Uriel is repeatedly said to be “with” Enoch, “showing” him the various heavenly phenomena and the laws that govern them (72:1; 74:1-2; 75:3-4; 78:10; 79:6—80:1). Enoch also sees phenomena without the mention of Uriel (72:3; 73:1; 75:8; 76:1; 77:4, 5, 8). This seems to presume a cosmic journey, although the text of chaps. 72–82 never describes Enoch moving from place to place, but only mentions what he sees or is shown. But cf. 33:1-4, where Uriel’s activity is an integral part of Enoch’s journey, and note that the Parables rarely mention Enoch’s movement from place to place (see §3.2.3.1 below). On Enoch’s association with the angels, see also comm. on 72:1 below, p. 413, where Vanderkam compares Uriel’s being with Enoch with Gen 5:22, “And Enoch walked with ‫האלהים‬” (haμez) version, which is an integral component in the Ethiopic Bible; there are no fragments of the Semitic original or an intermediate Greek translation. Thus, interpretation must be based solely on an assessment of the MS. evidence of the (secondary) Ethiopic translation.2 For a summary discussion of this evidence, see 1 Enoch 1, 15–17.3 Throughout my apparatus, I have used two sigla devised by R. H. Charles: α to designate MSS. gmqtu (sometimes plus Tana 9 [T9 ] and EMML 2080); and β to indicate the remainder of the MSS. identified as “a” through “b'.” I have developed no textual stemma that would prioritize one (set of) MS(S). as the one(s) to follow from start to finish. In general, I have favored the readings of the two earliest MSS., namely Tana 9 (early fifteenth century) and EMML 2080 (second half of the fifteenth century).4 Where either or both of these MSS. is (are) defective, I have looked elsewhere, usually in earlier rather than later MSS., always for a text that “makes sense” in the context.5 This sense or the lack of sense (sometimes in all MSS.) I have explained in the commentary. Given the manuscripts’ distance from the original introduction.indd 4 introduction.indd 4 8/9/2011 8:23:40 PM 8/9/2011 8:23:40 PM Introduction 5 Table 1 My Sigla Library/Number Place Century Content Charles Knibb Uhlig a Bodleian Or. 531 Oxford 18 1–105 a Bodl 4 Ox 1 b Bodleian Bruce 74 Oxford 18 1–98 b Bodl 5 Ox 2 c Frankfurt Orient Rüppell II 1 Frankfurt 18 1–98 c Frankfurt MS. Fr d Curzon 55 = BL Or. 8822 London 18(?) 1–102 d Curzon 55 Lo1 e Curzon 56 = BL Or. 8823 London 18 1–108 e Curzon 56 Lo2 f BL Add. 24185 London 19 1–106 f BM Add. 24185 Lo3 g BL Or. 485 London 16 early 1–108 g BM 485 Lo4 g' BL Or. 485a London 16 early 97:6b—108:10 ,g BM 485a Lo4(2) h BL Or. 484 London 18 1–108 h BM 484 Lo5 i BL Or. 486 London 18 60:13b—108:15 i BM 486 Lo6 k BL Or. 490 London 18 1–107 k BM 490 Lo7 l BL Add. 24990 London 18 1–108 l BM Add. 24990 Lo8 m BL Or. 491 London 17 1–108 m BM 491 Lo9 n BL Or. 492 London 18 1–87 n BM 492 Lo10 o BL Or. 499 London 18 1–106 o BM 499 Lo11 p Rylands Library Eth. 23 Manchester 18 1–108 p Ryl Ma q Berlin Orient Berlin 16 1–108 q Berl Be Petermann II, Nachtrag 29 r Abbadian 16 Paris 19 1–77 r Abb 16 Pa1 s Abbadian 30 Paris 18 1–108 s Abb 30 Pa2 t Abbadian 35 Paris 17 end 1–108 t Abb 35 Pa3 u Abbadian 55 Paris 15–16 1–108 u Abb 55 Pa4 v Abbadian 99 Paris 19 1–108 v Abb 99 Pa5 w Abbadian 197 Paris 19 1–98 w Abb 197 Pa6 x Vatican Étiop. 71 Vatican City 18 1–108 x Vat 71 Va1 y Munich Äthiop. 30 Munich 18 1–108 y Munich 30 Mü z Paris Éthiop. 50 (114) Paris 17 1–108...