Contents

From: 1 Enoch 2

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Contents 1 Enoch 2 Foreword xv Preface xvii Reference Codes 1. Sources and Abbreviations xvii 2. Short Titles xxi 3. Sigla Relating to the Translation and Its Textual Base xxvii Endpapers xxx Chapters 37–71 The Book of Parables Preface  2 0.0. Prolegomena 3 0.1. Literary Approach and Historical Dimensions 3 0.2. Translation and Textual Base 4 0.3. Some Hermeneutical and Theological Observations 6 1.0. Title 8 2.0. A Short Account of the Book 9 3.0. Literary Aspects of the Parables 10 3.1. The Genre and Structure of the Parables 10 3.1.1. Three Parables 10 3.1.2. Superscription and Introduction (chap. 37) 11 3.1.3. The First Parable (chaps. 38–44) 11 3.1.4. The Second Parable (chaps. 45–57) 12 3.1.5. The Third Parable (chaps 58–69) 14 3.1.6. The Ending of the Book of Parables (chaps. 70–71)  18 3.1.7. Reconstructing the Early Shape of the Book of Parables 19 3.1.8. The Noachic Redaction of the Book of Parables 20 3.2. Literary Microstructures in the Parables: Forms and Devices 20 3.2.1. Introductions 20 3.2.2. Anticipatory Allusions 21 3.2.3. The Vision and the Visions 22 3.2.3.1. Visions with Angelic Interpretations 22 3.2.3.2. Uninterpreted Visions 23 3.2.4. Descriptive Predictions of Future Events 24 3.2.5. Liturgical Fragments and Motifs 25 3.2.6. Poetry in the Parables 26 3.2.6.1. Parallelism and Prosodic Structure 26 3.2.6.2. Other Literary Devices 29 3.3. Languages of Composition and Transmission 30 3.4. Orality and the Parables 34 3.4.1. Orality and the Composition of the Parables 34 3.4.2. Orality and Performance 36 4.0. Worldview and Religious Thought 38 4.1. An Apocalyptic Worldview 38 4.1.1. The Problematic Nature of “This World” 38 4.1.2.  Enoch’s Otherworlds: The Solution to the Problems of This World 38 vii  Introduction frontmatter.indd 7 8/9/2011 7:43:52 PM viii 4.1.2.1.  The Place of God, God’s Entourage, and the Righteous and Holy Dead  39 4.1.2.2.  The Place of the Heavenly Bodies and the Meteorological Elements 39 4.1.2.3.  Earth’s Disk beyond the Inhabited World, Where Judgment Is Prepared  39 4.1.2.4.  The Transformed Earth, the Place of Eschatological Blessing 40 4.1.3.  Hiddenness and Revelation: At the Heart of the Parables 40 4.2. God and Humanity 41 4.2.1. God 41 4.2.1.1. God’s Epithets 41 4.2.1.2. God as King and Judge 41 4.2.2. God’s Heavenly Entourage 42 4.2.2.1. Titles  42 4.2.2.2. Functions 43 4.2.2.3.  The Righteous and Chosen One/Son of Man/ Anointed One 44 4.2.3. The Demonic World and Its Functions 45 4.2.4. Humanity 46 4.2.4.1. The Righteous and Chosen Rather than Israel 46 4.2.4.2. The Kings and the Mighty and the Sinners 47 4.2.4.3. The Repentant Gentiles 47 4.2.5. Human Sin 48 4.2.5.1.  The Oppression and Persecution of the Righteous and Chosen 48 4.2.5.2. Defiance of the Divine King’s Sovereignty 49 4.2.6. The Great and Final Judgment 49 4.2.6.1. A Reversal of Fortunes That Implements Justice 50 4.2.6.2. The Resurrection of the Dead 50 4.2.6.3.  The Places of Eschatological Punishment and Reward 51 4.2.6.4. A Profile of the Judgment 52 4.2.7. Covenant, Torah, and Righteousness 54 4.2.7.1. The Absence of “Covenant” and “Law” 54 4.2.7.2.  Election and Righteousness, Wisdom, Faith, and Salvation 54 4.2.8. The Myth of Wisdom’s Descent 55 5.0. The Book of Parables in Its Contexts 55 5.1. The History of Ideas 55 5.1.1. The Enochic Tradition 55 5.1.1.1. The Book of the Watchers 55 5.1.1.2. Other Enochic Works  57 5.1.1.2.1. The Book of the Luminaries 57 5.1.1.2.2. Traditions about Noah and the Flood 57 5.1.1.2.3. The Animal Vision 57 5.1.1.2.4. The Epistle...