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From: 1 Enoch 1

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1 Enoch 1 J ~ J ~ J ~ 1 . . . . . ex. Hermeneia - A Critical and Historical Commentary on the Bible Old Testament Editorial Board Frank Moore Cross, Harvard University, chairman Klaus Baltzer, University of Munich Paul D. Hanson, Harvard University S. Dean McBride Jr., Union Theological Seminary in Virginia Peter Machinist, Harvard University Susan Niditch, Amherst College Roland E. Murphy, 0 . Carm., emeritus New Testament Editorial Board Helmut Koester, Harvard University, chairman Harold W. Attridge, Yale University Adela Yarbro Collins, Yale University Eldon jay Epp, Case Western Reserve University James M. Robinson, Claremont Graduate University 1 Enoch 1 A Commentary on the Book of 1 Enoch, Chapters 1-36; 81-108 by George W. E. Nickelsburg Edited by Klaus Baltzer Fortress Press Minneapolis 1 Enoch 1 A Commentary on the Book of 1 Enoch Chapters 1-36; 81 - 108 Copyright © 2001 Augsburg Fortress English translation copyright© 2001 Augsburg Fortress. All rights reserved. Except for brief quotations in critical articles or reviews, no part of this book may be reproduced in any manner without prior written permission from the publisher. Write to: Permissions, Augsburg Foru·ess, P.O. Box 1209, Minneapolis, MN 55440. Scripture quotations from the Revised Standard Version of the Bible are copyright © 1946, 1952, 1971 by the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the USA and are used by permission. Scripture quotations from the New Revised Standard Version of the Bible are copyright © 1989 by the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the U.S.A. and are used by permission. Cover and interior design by Kenneth Hiebert Typesetting and page composition by The HK Scriptorium Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Nickelsburg, George W. E., 19341 Enoch 1 : a commentary on the book of 1 Enoch, chapters 1-36; 81-108 / by George W. E. Nickelsburg. p. em. - (Hermeneia) Includes the text of the Ethiopic book of Enoch in English translation. Includes bibliographical references and index. Contents: I. Chapters 1-36, 81-108. ISBN 0-8006-6074-9 (alk. paper) I. Ethiopic book of Enoch-Commentaries. I. Title: First Enoch. II. Title: Vol. 1 has title: I Enoch I. Ill. Ethiopic book of Enoch. English. IV. Title. V. Hermeneia-a critical and historical commentary on the Bible. BS1830.E7 N53 2001 229'.913-dc21 2001041326 The paper used in this publication meets the minimum requirements of American National Standard for Information Sciences-Permanence of paper for Printed Library Materials, ANSI Z329.48-1984. Manufactured in the U.S.A. AF 1-6074 05 04 03 02 01 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 • TO MARILYN The Author George W. E. Nickelsburg was born in 1934 and lives in Iowa City, Iowa. He received his education at Valparaiso University, Concordia Seminary, Washington University, and Harvard University, where he did his doctoral work with Krister Stendahl, Helmut Koester, Frank M. Cross, andJohn Strugnell. In 1963-64 he was Thayer Fellow at the American School of Oriental Research inJerusalem and a field supervisor in archeological digs at Tell Ta'annek, the Wacti-ed-Da.Jiyeh, and Tell el-Ful. For three years he served as pastor of a Lutheran parish in Akron, Ohio. Then for more than three decades he taught on the faculty of The University of Iowa, where he was director of its School of Religion for five years and developed public programming in religion and the arts. He retired as Professor Emeritus in 2000. The history and literature of earlyJudaism and the relationships between earlyJudaism and Christian origins have been the special focus of Nickelsburg's research. His monographs include Resurrection, Immortality, and Eternal Life in Intertestamentaljudaism (Harvard Univ. Press, 1972) and jewish Literature between the Bible and the Mishnah: A Historical and Literary Introduction (Fortress Press, 1981). He has also co-edited several collections and Festschriften that have made lasting contributions, including Faith and Piety in Early judaism: Texts and Documents (Fortress Press, 1983); Christians amongjews and Gentiles: Essays in Honor of Krister Stendahl on His Sixty-Fifth Birthday (Fortress Press, 1986); Earlyjudaism and Its Modern Interpreters (Scholars Press, 1986); and The Future ofEarly Christianity: Essays in Honor ofHelmut Koester (Fortress Press, 1991). He is also the author of seventy articles and several hundred dictionary and encyclopedia entries. In the Society of Biblical Literature, he was chair of the Pseudepigrapha Group (1973-80) and co-editor of the series Septuagint and Cognate Studies. He has served on the editorial...