Chapter 13: The Higher Way
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13 Prefatory Note to Chapter 13 1 This chapter is a self~ontained unity. The links with what goes before (12:31) and after (14:1) are ragged. There are also difficulties in regard to the content: in the context, the higher way is the way of love. This is at variance with 13:13, according to which there are three highest gifts. Moreover, in the light of chap. 13 all the gifts so far mentioned are relatively degraded. This is at variance with the summons in 14:1. * * 2 4 8 13 According to Weiss, chap. 13 is here not in its original place. That Paul is recommending love as the greatest xapLUJ.I.a (Lietzmann) is not stated, and is in fact ruled out by the contrast between xapLuiJ.aTa and love and by 14: 1. Chap. 13 makes the impression of an insertion; there are close links with chap. 8; both belong to the same letter (B?). Variant reading Kavx~uw}J.aL, "in order to boast of the fact," p46 tot A B. Yet this reading is presumably a simplifying correction (despite its cautious accep- 3 tance by Kenneth Willis Clark, "Textual Criticism and Doctrine," Studia Paulina, 52-65, here esp. 61f, and against the Greek NT). It is hardly likely that Kavx- would be changed into Kav8- (Spicq, Agape, 4 2:57f). Moreover, ci-yci7r7)ll of. IJ.TJ EXW, "but have no love," is then no longer suitable (Lietzmann). 5 a-ya7r1) is considered by Zuntz, Text, 68, to be secondary (because of the rhythm and the sentence 6 1 Corinthians 13 The Higher Way If I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, but have no love, then I have become a noisy gong or a clanging cymbal. 2 I And if I have the gift of prophecy, and understand all mysteries and all knowledge, and if I have all faith, so as to remove mountains, but have no love, then I am nothing. 31 And if I distribute all my possessions as alms, and if I give up my body to be burned,1 but have no love, then it avails me nothing. love is long-suffering, love is kind, love2 is not jealous, not boastful, 5 I not arrogant; it is not rude,3 it does not seek its own advantage,4 it is not irritable, it keeps no score of wrongs, 6 I it does not rejoice over wrongdoing, but rejoices in the truth.5 7 I It covers everything ,6 believes everything, hopes everything, endures everything. love never fails. Gifts of prophecy-they will be destroyed. Tongues-they will cease. Knowledge-it will be destroyed. 91For our knowledge is fragmentary, and our prophesying is fragmentary. 101 But when the perfect comes, the fragmentary will be destroyed. 11 I When I_ was a child, I spoke as a child, I thought as a child, I reasoned as a child. When I became a man, I did away with childish things. 121 For at present we see enigmatically , in a mirror, but then face to face. At present I know in part. but then I shall know fully, even as I am also fully known. But now there remain faith, hope, love. these three. But the greatest of them is love. structure); it is omitted by B 33. But seeR. V. G. Tasker, "The Text of the 'Corpus Paulinum,' "NTS 1 (1955): 180-191, here esp. 191. p46 has considerable variants in this section; see above, p. 1, n. 7. The first two members can be taken as chiasmus. It is not so good to place the comma after ov !11Xo'i (Nestle) or to punctuate~ a-ya11'1) IJ.aKpo8VIJ.Et, XP110 'TEVETaL, ~ a-ya11'1) OV !71AOt1 ~ CL'YCL11'1) ov 11'Ep11'EpEVETaL (Lietzmann, Robertson and Plummer). Variant reading EVO"X7)1J.Ol1Et, p46 : "does not give itself airs," supported by Albert Debrunner, "Lesarten der Chester Beatty Papyri," CN 11 (1947): 3349 , here esp. 37-41; cf. Vulg. non est ambitiosa. Variant reading TO IJ.TJ E«VT~S, p46• B: "what does not belong to it." The meaning of the compound uv-yxaLpELv is here that of the simple verb, see Bauer, s.v. Or, owing to the proximity of V7rOIJ.EliEL, perhaps 217 Chapter 137 stands out from its context as a unity sui generis. But internally the section is made up ofdifferent stylistic forms, which also make use ofcorrespondingly different materials. The literary...