Part III: Answers to Questions, Chapters 7-15
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7 1 Part Ill: Answers to Questions. Chapters 7-15 Celibacy and Marriage in the Passing World. Chapter 7 1 Corinthians 7:1-7 General Observations Now concerning the questions you wrote about: It is well for a man not to touch a woman. 2/ But because of the sins of sexual immorality let each man have his own wife and each woman her own husband. 3/ Let the husband give the wife what is due to her. and let the wife likewise also give her husband his due. 4/ The wife's body is not at her own disposal. but at the husband's. Likewise the husband's body, too, is not at his own disposal, but at the wife's. 5/ Do not deny yourselves to each other-save perhaps' for a time by mutual consent, so that2 you may devote yourselves to prayer and then come together again -lest Satan should lead you astray because of your incontinence (so Lietzmann; or: as a result of your unrestrained desire; so Bauer). 6/1 say this, however, by way of concession, not of command. 7/ To be sure. I should like all men to be as I am; but each has his own particular gift from God. one in one direction. the other in another.3 Following the general observations in vv 1- 7, Paul speaks ofvarious groups and their situations: the unmarried ginity: (a) vv 25-28; (b) vv 29-35; (c) vv 36-38. In an appendix, vv 39f, Paul also comes to speak ofwidows. vv 8f, the married vv 1Of, mixed marriages between Christians and pagans vv 12-16. Then comes the question of principle in vv 17-24, which works out the eschatological norm for the whole area ofconcern.4 Verses 25-38 make three approaches to the question ofvirIn Judaism marriage is a command ofduty. Its purpose is the procreation ofchildren. 5 The Essenes are reported to have renounced marriage. 6 The situation of the 2 3 4 114 group represented by 1QS is disputed. 7 For the Greeks, marriage is the normal thing. But there On av see Blass- Debrunner §376: "a hypothetical modification of El J.l.~ TL which was felt to be a unit ... after the analogy of OUTLS av, etc." clJI om. p46 B. tva is final, but begins to vacillate because ~TE is also dependent on it. p46 and others read os twice. Blass-Debrunner §250 observes that in the NT the forms with the relative 5 (os J.I.EV--Os 51:) are more frequent than those with the article (o J.I.Ell-0 ol:). Zuntz, Text, 52, prefers 6 this reading, arguing that the article in B, etc. is an 7 Atticist correction. E. Neuhausler, "RufGottes und Stand des Christen: Bemerkungen zu 1 Kor 7," BZ n.s. 3 (1959): 43-60, observes that in chaps. 6 and 7 we find two series of motifs which belong together-a presentative one and a futuristic one. But the presentative/futuristic pattern of popular eschatology does not help us to grasp either the Pauline eschatology or the motivation of these two particular chapters. Str.-B. 2:372f; Philo, Spec. leg. 3.1- 82;Jos., Ap. 2.199f. Jos., Bell. 2.120; Ant. 18.21. Cf. also 1QS• I, 9- 12. ...


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