Concluding Discussion of the Party System; Preacher and Community (3:1–17)
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3 1 1 Corinthians3:1-17 Concluding Discussion of the Party System; Preacher and Community And I, brothers, was not able to speak to you as1 men of spirit, but (only) as men of flesh, as children in Christ.2 2/1 gave you milk to drink,3 not solid food.4 For you were not yet strong enough. And indeed,5 you are not strong enough even now6 3/ for you are still fleshly. For since7 jealousy and envy prevail among you, does that not mean that you are fleshly and are behaving in human ways7 4/ For when one says: 18 belong to Paul, another: I belong to Apollos, are you then not men7 6/ What9 thent o is Apollos7 What is Paul7 Servants through whom you became believerseach . moreover. as the Lord granted to him.1 1 6 /I planted. Apollos watered, but God caused the growth. 7 I So neither·the planter nor the waterer is anything, but he who causes the growth, namely. God. 8 I The planter and the waterer, however, are one. But each will receive his own reward according to his own labor. 9 I For we are God's fellow-workers. 12 You are God's field, God's building. 10 I According to the grace of God that was bestowed upon me, I, like a competent master-builder, have laid a foundation; another is building upon it. But let each take care how he builds upon it. 11 I For no one can lay any foundation other than 1 3 the one that has been laid, namely, Jesus Christ. 14 12 I But if15 anyone builds on this foundation gold, silver, fine 70 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 " As": cf. v 10; Bauer,s.v. ws. The emphasis is of course on "children"; Lietzmann says: "adolescent (unmiindige) Christians." For the double accusative, see Bauer, s.v. 1ror£sw. Zeugma observes that 7rOTtSHP, " give to drink," fits only with -yaXa, " milk" ; Blass-Debrunner§479(2). Emphatic aXXa: Blass-Debrunner §448(6). ~n is omitted by p46 B. oME En PUP: see Bauer, s.v. PUP 1c. ~n PUP, " even now," Plut., Sept. sap.conv. 162d; Ael. Arist., Or. 13.185;Jos., Ant. 1.92; 2.313. il1rov causal (like E7rE£, cf. 1:21, 22), Blass-Debrunner §456(3). For J.'EII'-[OE] see on 1:12. p46 CD G R read r£s, "who," twice. Verse 7 requires r£, "what." rLs is grammatically easier. Lietzmann , ad loc.; Zuntz, Text, 131f. The chiasmus, Paul-Apollos (vv 4/ 5), is eliminated in the Reichstext . 10 r£ o~P: Epict., Diss. 1.11.5, 20, 27, etc. 11 Shortened from ~Kauros ws oKVptos EOWKEP ailr~ with attraction of the dative. 12 Or: "fellow-laborers in the service of God" (Bauer). Seen. 53 infra. 13 1rapa after aXXos: Bauer, s.v. 1rapa 111.3. 14 os EUT!P to emphasize the apposition: cf. 3:17; Eph 6:17; 1 Tim3:15. 15 Albert Debrunner, " Neutestamentliche Wortforschung : Zu themelios, 1. Kor. 3,11," ThZ 3 (1947) : 156, takes El 01: as the introduction of an indirect question: Whether anyone builds thereon, is no concern of mine; each man's work will be revealed. This is improbable (with Kiimmel), because a subsequent clause has to be understood. 16 Or: jewels, see below. 17 Or: cane. The meaning of KaAaJ.'TJ, "straw," overlaps that of KaAaJ.'OS, "cane," see Bauer; MoultonMilligan . For KaAaJ.'OS as a building material, cf. Diod. S., Bibl. hist. 5.21.5? 1 Corinthians 3:1-17 stones,l 6 wood, hay, straw,17 13 1each man's work will be made manifest. For the day (of judgment) will disclose it, because that day will be revealed with fire. 18 And the fire 19 will test the quality of each man's work.20 14 1If the work which anyone has built21 remains, he will receive a reward. 16 I If anyone's work burns, he will be punished (or: will suffer loss), but he himself will be saved, though as through fire. 16 1Do you not know that you are the temple of God and that the Spirit of God dwells in you717 I If anyone destroys the temple of God, God will destroy him. For the temple of God is holy, and that is what you are.zz • 1 The transition is provided by 3: 1-4, which supplies the link between the discussion of hidden wisdom and its...