The Passover of Josiah and the Death of Josiah (35:1–27)

From: 2 Chronicles

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509 1/ Josiah kept a Passover1 in Jerusalem2 for Yahweh;3 he slaughtered4 the Passover lamb on the fourteenth5 of the first month. 2/ He appointed the priests to their offices and strengthened them for the service6 of the house of Yahweh. 3/ He said to the Levites who instructed7 all Israel8 and who were holy9 to Yahweh, “Since the holy ark10 has been brought11 into the house which Solomon the son of David, the king of Israel,12 built,13 there is no need for you to carry it14 on your shoulders. Now serve Yahweh your God and15 his people Israel. 4/ Get ready16 by your ancestral houses and17 by your divisions, according to the written direction18 of David the king of Israel and as accomplished by19 Solomon his son. 5/ Stand in the sanctuary20 according to the groupings of the fathers’ houses21 of your brothers22 the laypeople23 and by ancestral house divisions of the Levites.24 6/ Slaughter the Passover lamb and the holy things; and make preparations25 for your brothers, acting26 according to the word of Yahweh by the hand of Moses.” 7/ Josiah donated to the sons of the people27 small cattle—lambs and kids28 —all for the Passover offerings for all who were present to the number of29 thirty thousand —and30 three thousand bulls; these were from the possessions of the king. 8/ His officials31 contributed voluntarily32 for the people, the priests and the Levites. Hilkiah,33 Zechariah, and Jehiel, the chief officers of the house of God, gave34 to the priests for Passover offerings two thousand six hundred sheep35 and three hundred bulls. 9/ Conaniah,36 together with his brothers37 Shemaiah and Nethanel , and Hashabiah, Jeiel,38 and Jozabad,39 the chiefs of the Levites,40 contributed to the Levites for the Passover offerings five thousand sheep41 and42 seven43 hundred bulls. 10/ When the service had been prepared for, the priests stood in their place,44 and the Levites in their divisions according to the command of the king.45 11/ They slaughtered the Passover lamb, and the priests sprinkled the blood from their hand,46 while the Levites flayed the animal. 12/ They set aside47 the burnt offerings so that they might give them48 according to the groupings of the ancestral houses of the laity,49 to offer to Yahweh as it is written in the book of Moses, and so also with the bulls.50 13/ They cooked the Passover lamb with fire according to the ordinance; and they boiled the holy offerings in 1 jsp. LXX and 1 Esdr 1:1 “the Passover.” Note that this noun appears with the definite article in the second half of this verse also in MT. 1 Esdr 1:1-55 contains an independent Greek translation of 2 Chr 35:1—36:21. For a brief introduction to 1 Esdras, see Klein, 1 Chronicles, 28. 2 !lvwryb; lacking in LXX. 1 Esdr 1:1 reverses the order of “the Passover” and “in Jerusalem,” perhaps indicating that !lvwryb is secondary. 3 hwhyl; 1 Esdr 1:1 twæ' Kurivwæ aujtou' = wyhlal. LXX twæ' Kurivwæ qewæ' aujtou' conflates hwhyl and wyhla. Allen (Greek Chronicles, 2:102) claims that wyhla was added to Chr LXX Vorlage because of hwhy yhla in 2 Chr 34:31 and then w was added by dittography. 4 fjvyw; LXXdjp-c2 1 Esdr 1:1 kai; e[quse “he sacrificed.” Cf. Syr. MT wfjvyw “they slaughtered.” The MT is a correction by someone who thought that Josiah should not be performing a sacrifice. The MT is supported by Vaticanus and related manuscripts in both LXX and 1 Esdras. See Talshir, Text Critical Commentary, 3. 5 rc[ h[brab. 1 Esdr 1:1 thæ' tessareskaidekavthæ hJmevra/ “on the fourteenth day.” Talshir (Text Critical Commentary, 3) says the word “day” may stem from the translator or the Hebrew Vorlage. Addition of “day” is supported by a few minuscules in Chr LXX, Arab, Vg. 6 tdwb[l !qzjyw; 1 Esdr 1:2 ejstolismevnou~ (!yvblm) “clothed in their vestments.” Cf. 1 Esdr 7:9 = Ezra 6:18, where 1 Esdras again introduces vestments without a corresponding word in the MT. 7 !ynybmh Q and in many Hebrew mss; !ynwbmh K. LXX toi'~ dunatoi'~ “who were powerful,” which Allen (Greek Chronicles, 2:32) suggests is a corruption of toi'~ sunetoi'~ “the intelligent” (cf. 1 Chr 15:22; 27:32). 1 Esdr 1:3 iJerodouvloi~ (!ynytnh), which may in turn be a corruption of !ynwtnh “who were given.” Talshir (Text...