restricted access Hezekiah Survives the Attack by Sennacherib; Hezekiah’s Final Years and His Death (32:1–33)

From: 2 Chronicles

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456 1/ After these deeds and these acts of faithfulness ,1 Sennacherib the king of Assyria came and invaded Judah and encamped against the fortified cities, and he intended to conquer them for himself. 2/ When Hezekiah saw that Sennacherib had invaded, and that his face was set for war against Jerusalem, 3/ he took counsel with his officials and his warriors to shut up the waters of the springs that were outside the city; and they provided help for him. 4/ A large number of people gathered together,2 and they shut up all the springs3 and the wadi that flowed in the middle of the land,4 saying, “Why should the kings of Assyria come and find5 water in abundance?” 5/ Hezekiah strengthened himself6 and built the whole wall that was broken down, and raised towers on it,7 and outside of it he built another wall;8 he also strengthened the Millo in the city of David, and made weapons and shields in abundance. 6/ He appointed military officials over the people, and he assembled them to himself in the square at the gate of the city,9 and encouraged them with these words: 7/ “Be strong and of good courage. Do not be afraid or dismayed before the king of Assyria and before the whole host that is with him; for there is with us one who is greater than the one with him. 8/ With him is an arm of flesh, but with us is Yahweh our God to help us and to fight our battles.” The people were encouraged by the words of Hezekiah king of Judah. 9/ After this (while Sennacherib king of Assyria was at10 Lachish with all his forces)11 he sent his servants to Jerusalem to Hezekiah king of Judah and to all Judah that was in Jerusalem, saying: 10/ “Thus says Sennacherib the king of Assyria12 : On what are you trusting, while living in Jerusalem under siege13 ? 11/ Is not Hezekiah deceiving you, handing you over to die by famine and thirst, saying ‘Yahweh our God will deliver you from the hand of the king of Assyria’? 12/ Did not this same Hezekiah remove his high places and his altars14 and command Judah and Jerusalem , saying, ‘Before one altar15 you shall worship, and on it you shall make offerings ’? 13/ Do you not know what I and my predecessors did to all the peoples of the lands? Were the gods of the nations of the lands16 at all able to deliver their land17 from my hand? 14/ Who among all the gods of these nations that my predecessors put under the ban was able to deliver his people from my hand, that your God should be able to deliver you from my 32:1-33 Hezekiah Survives the Attack by Sennacherib; Hezekiah’s Final Years and His Death Translation 1 hlah tmahw !yrbdh. Rudolph (308) notes that hlah modifies both nouns. These words could also be translated “these faithful deeds” (hendiadys). 2 wxbqyw niphal. LXX (sunhvgagen) interprets the verb as third masculine singular and in the active voice “he gathered (a large number of people).” 3 twny[mh lk; LXX ta; u{data tw'n phgw'n “the waters of the springs.” Cf. v. 3. 4 $rah ^wtb; LXX dia; th'~ povlew~ “through the city.” Allen (Greek Chronicles, 1:211) finds in the LXX assimilation to 2 Kgs 20:20, which reads “and he brought the waters into the city”—or, possibly, a correction for the difficult word “land.” Rudolph (308) translates “im Erdboden” (“in the ground”) and construes this as a reference to the Siloam tunnel. 2 Chronicles 32:30 states that Hezekiah directed the waters of Gihon to the west side of the city. 5 waxmw rwva yklm wawby. LXX Syr Arab put the noun and verbs in the singular. Cf. the plural references to the kings of Assyria in 2 Chr 28:16; 30:6; Neh 9:32. 6 qzjtyw. LXX connects this verb katiscuvshæ “(may the king of Assur not come and find much water) and be revived” to v. 4. A reviser of LXX added kai; kativscusen ïEzekiva~ “and Hezekiah strengthened” at the beginning of v. 5. Note the addition of the name Hezekiah in my translation to clarify that it was not Sennacherib who strengthened himself. See Allen, Greek Chronicles, 1:164; and Dillard, 254. Goettsberger (358) proposed wqzjtyw “and they strengthened themselves,” with the antecedent of “they” being the kings of Assyria...


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