restricted access Purification of the Temple and Restoration of the Cult (29:1–36)

From: 2 Chronicles

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409 1/ Hezekiah began to reign when he was twenty-five years1 old, and he reigned twenty-nine years in Jerusalem. The name of his mother was Abijah2 the daughter of Zechariah. 2/ He did what was right in the eyes of Yahweh according to everything that David his father had done. 3/ He—in the first year of his reign in the first month3 —opened the doors of the house of Yahweh and repaired them. 4/ He brought in the priests and the Levites, and he gathered them in the square on the east. 5/ He said to them, “Listen to me, Levites. Now sanctify yourselves and sanctify the house of Yahweh the God of your fathers, and bring out the filth from the holy place. 6/ For our fathers acted unfaithfully and did4 that which was evil in the eyes of Yahweh our God. They have forsaken him, turned away their faces from the dwelling place of Yahweh, and given their back. 7/ They also shut the doors of the vestibule5 and put out the lamps. They have not offered incense or offered up burnt offerings in the sanctuary to the God of Israel. 8/ So the wrath of Yahweh was against Judah and Jerusalem, and he has made them an object of horror,6 of astonishment, and of hissing, as you see with your own eyes. 9/ Our fathers7 fell by the sword, and our sons, our daughters, and our wives are in captivity8 on account of this.9 10/10 Now it is in my heart to make a covenant with Yahweh the God of Israel so that his fierce wrath may turn away from us.11 11/ My sons,12 now, do not be negligent, for Yahweh has chosen you to stand before him to minister to him and to be ministers for him and to make­ offerings.” 12/ Then the Levites arose, Mahath son of Amasai, and Joel son of Azariah,13 of the sons of the Kohathites; and of the sons of Merari, Kish son of Abdi, and Azariah14 son of Jehallelel; and of the Gershonites ,15 Joah son of Zimmah,16 and Eden17 son18 of Joah.19 13/ And of the sons20 of Elizaphan, Shimri and Jeuel;21 and of the sons of Asaph, Zechariah22 and Mattaniah. 14/ And of the sons of Heman, Jehuel23 and Shimei. And of the sons of Jeduthun24 Shemaiah and Uzziel. 15/ They gathered their brothers and sanctified themselves and went in, as the king commanded by the words25 of Yahweh, to purify the house of Yahweh. 16/ The priests went in to the inner part of the house of Yahweh to purify it, and they brought out all the unclean things they found in the temple of Yahweh to the court of the house of Yahweh, and the Levites received them 1 In 28:1 Ahaz became king at age twenty and reigned for sixteen years. That would mean that Hezekiah was born when his father was eleven! But one Hebrew ms and the Versions have Ahaz beginning his reign at twenty-five. Hence, Hezekiah would have been born when his father was sixteen. See the textual notes at 2 Chr 28:1. 2 hyba; 4QChr hbya (metathesis). Trebolle Barrera, “Édition Préliminaire,” 527. 2 Kgs 18:2 yba “Abi.” 3 @wvarh vdjb wklml hnwvarh hnvb awh. 4QChr adds a conjunction to the first word: awhw. LXX kai; ejgevneto wJ~ e[sth ejpi; th'~ basileiva~ aujtou' “And it happened that, when he was established over his kingdom, in the first month.” The Greek text may have read the first word as yhyw. Trebolle Barrera (“Édition Préliminaire ,” 527) notes that an analogous initial waµw is also found in MT in 2 Chr 7:19, contrasted with 1 Kgs 9:6. Cf. Dillard, 232. 4 wc[w. One would expect waµw consecutive with the imperfect. Cf. also the use of the perfect with waµw wnvdqhw in v. 19. 5 !lwah; LXX tou' naou' “shrine.” Chr LXX translates the same way in 1 Chr 28:11; 2 Chr 8:12; 15:8; and 29:17. At 2 Chr 3:4 Chr LXX transliterates the word: ailam. 6 Q hw:[}z"li]; K h[;w:z“li. See Jer 15:4 and 29:18, where there is the same Kethib/Qere difference. Both spellings of this noun occur a number of times. The root is [wz. 7 wnytwba. One Hebrew ms !kytwba “your fathers.” LXX uses...


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