The Reign of Ahaz (28:1–27)

From: 2 Chronicles

In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:

390 1 One Hebrew ms LXXmin VL Syr Arab “twenty-five”; cf. the textual notes at 2 Chr 27:8. This variant reading may be a harmonization with 2 Chr 27:1 (Jotham began to reign at twenty-five) and 2 Chr 29:1 (Hezekiah began to reign at twenty-five). If “twenty-five” is correct, Hezekiah was born when his father was sixteen rather than eleven. In readings discussed in nn. 3 and 35, Chronicles presupposes readings in Kings that are different from Kings MT. 2 hwhy. Many Hebrew mss Syr and 2 Kgs 16:2 add wyhla “his God.” 3 wynb ta; Cf. 2 Kgs 16:3 LXXL ; Chr Syr Arab and 2 Kgs 16:3 MT wnb ta “his son”; Rudolph (288) thinks that the Chronicler intentionally exaggerated , but he probably was only following an alternate text of Kings preserved now in LXXL . 4 rb[yw One Hebrew ms LXX Syr Tg; cf. 2 Kgs 16:3. Chr MT r[byw (“burned” [his sons in]). Chr MT has been corrupted by metathesis. Some scholars believe that the reading in the MT represents a heightening of Ahaz’s wickedness, although this word for burning is not used elsewhere of child sacrifice. Smelik (“King Ahaz,” 166 n. 73) maintains that by reading r[b, the Chronicler eliminated any ambiguity about the rite that was involved (cf. 2 Kgs 16:3). 5 jbzyw. Lacking in LXX. 6 qcmrd MT. For this spelling, which only appears in Chronicles, see 1 Chr 18:5; 2 Chr 16:2; 24:23; 28:5, 23 (six times). Kalimi (Reshaping Israelite History, 86–87 n. 6) concludes that this is a late spelling of the word and not the original spelling. The city is often spelled qcmd in the Bible (thirty-eight times). In 2 Kgs 16:10 it is spelled qcmwd. Chr LXX B lacks a translation for qcmrd waybyw, but this probably represents an accidental slip from one kaiv. 7 ^lm. LXX basilevwn “kings.” 8 whylmr. LXX adds basileu;~ ÆIsrahvl “king of Israel.” 9 “House” could refer to the palace or the temple. See the commentary. 10 ynb. Literally “sons of.” 11 !kl; lacking in LXX. 12 !km[ !ta qr alh. I construe !ta as casus pendens. BHS proposes !sm[ !kyl[ instead of !km[ (“Do you thereby not merely load upon yourselves?”). LXX oujk ijdou; uJmi'n metÆ uJmw'n marturh'sai “am I not with you to witness?” Dillard (219) believes that marturh'sai is a corruption of aJmarth'sai. Cf. VL peccatis. He translates, “But aren’t you also (guilty).” 13 l[ . . . wmqyw. Literally, “rose up against.” 14 #a @wrjw. A few Hebrew mss LXX (kurivou qeou') Vg add hwhy “of Yahweh.” Cf. v. 11. 1/ Ahaz was twenty1 years old when he became king, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem. He did not do that which was right in the eyes of Yahweh2 like David his father. 2/ He walked in the ways of the kings of Israel, and also made cast images for the Baals. 3/ He made offerings in the valley of the son of Hinnom and made his sons3 pass through4 the fire according to the abominations of the nations whom Yahweh had dispossessed before the Israelites. 4/ He sacrificed5 and burned incense on the high places and on the hills and under every luxuriant tree. 5/ But Yahweh his God gave him into the hand of the king of Aram, and they [the Arameans] defeated him and took captive a great number of his people and brought them to Damascus.6 He [Ahaz] was also given into the hand of the king7 of Israel, who inflicted a severe defeat on him. 6/ Pekah son of Remaliah8 killed one hundred twenty thousand in Judah in one day, all of them valiant warriors , because they had abandoned Yahweh the God of their ancestors. 7/ Zichri, a warrior from Ephraim, killed Maaseiah, the king’s son; Azrikam, the commander of the house;9 and Elkanah, the second in command to the king. 8/ The Israelites took captive two hundred thousand of their kin—women, sons, daughters, and they also plundered much booty from them, and they brought the spoil to Samaria. 9/ A prophet of Yahweh was there by the name of Oded, and he went out before the army that was coming to Samaria and said to them, “Because Yahweh the God of your ancestors was angry against Judah, he has given them into your hand. And...