The Two Periods in the Reign of Uzziah (26:3–23)

From: 2 Chronicles

In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:

367 3/ Uzziah was sixteen years old when he became king, and he ruled fifty-two years in Jerusalem. The name of his mother was Jecoliah1 from Jerusalem. 4/ He did that which was right in the sight of Yahweh, according to all that Amaziah his father had done. 5/ He determined to seek God2 in the days of­ Zechariah, who instructed him in the fear3 of God. As long as he sought Yahweh,4 God5 made him prosper. 6/ He went out to fight the Philistines and made a breach in the wall of Gath and the wall of Jabneh6 and the wall of Ashdod. He plundered cities7 in the vicinity of Ashdod and among the Philistines. 7/ God helped him against the Philistines and against the Arabs who lived in Gerar,8 and against the Meunim.9 8/ The Meunim10 sent tribute to Uzziah, and his reputation went up to the border of Egypt, for he was very strong. 9/ Uzziah built towers in Jerusalem by the Corner Gate and by the Valley Gate, and at the Angle, and he fortified them. 10/ He also built towers in the desert and hewed out many cisterns, for he had many cattle;11 in the Shephelah12 and in the plain he had farmers,13 and vinedressers in the mountains and in the fertile land—for he loved the land. 11/ Uzziah had an army for making battle,14 fit for war15 by divisions, according to the number of the muster made by Jeiel16 the scribe17 and Maaseiah the officer,18 under the direction of Hananiah, one of the commanders of the king. 12/ The whole number of the heads of fathers’ houses of the mighty men of valor was two thousand and six hundred. 13/ Under their direction was an army of three hundred and seven thousand five hundred for making battle19 with might [and] power20 to help the king against the enemy. 14/ Uzziah provided for them, for the entire army, round shields and spears, helmets and coats of mail, and bows and sling-stones. 15/ He made in Jerusalem engines designed by skilled men21 to be over the towers and over the corners, for shooting with arrows and with large stones.22 His reputation went forth to distant places, for he was helped marvelously until he was strong. 16/ When he became strong, his heart grew proud, to the point of acting corruptly.23 He acted unfaithfully toward Yahweh his God and went into the temple of Yahweh to burn incense on the altar of incense. 17/ Azariah the priest came after him and with him eighty priests of Yahweh who were men of valor. 18/ They stood 26:3-23 The Two Periods in the Reign of Uzziah Translation 1 hy:l]k;y“ Q; cf. many Hebrew mss Tg and 2 Kgs 15:2; hy:l]ykiy“ K. 2 !yhla; LXX Kuvrion. 3 ta'r“yIB], with some Hebrew mss, editions and Versions (qal infinitive construct of ary or a construct singular noun from the same root). Many Hebrew mss taor“yBi (an abnormal form of the qal infinitive construct of ary). MT taor“bi (qal infinitive construct of har “in the seeing of God”). In the Old Testament , however, one receives visions; one does not need instruction in how to see them. 4 hwhy ta wvrd ymybw; LXX kai; ejn tai'~ hJmevrai~ aujtou' ejzhvthsen to;n kuvrion = hwhy ta vrd wymybw. See Allen, Greek Chronicles, 2:152. 5 !yhlah; LXX Kuvrio~. 6 hnby. Syr (Tg Arab) hz[ “Gaza.” 7 !yr[h zbyw an emendation by Rudolph, 282 (BHS). MT !yr[ hnbyw. (“and he built cities”). The unapocopated form of the imperfect may have been influenced by hnby (Jabneh) in the first half of the verse. A reference to building in a paragraph devoted to military battles seems inappropriate. Welten (Geschichte, 159) corrects MT to !yr[ @byw “he built cities.” 8 rrgb, with Tg and Rudolph, 282; MT l[bArwgb (in Gur-baal). For l[b see the next note. LXX ejpi; th'~ pevtra~ “on the rock” (= Petra). 9 !ynw[mh l[w with LXX kai; ejpi; tou;~ Meinaivou~; MT !ynw[mh l[b. l[b is construed as part of a placename Gur-Baal (see the previous note). For !ynw[mh a few Hebrew mss read !ynwm[hw “and the Ammonites .” 10 !ynw[mh, with LXX; MT !ynwm[h “the Ammonites” (metathesis of the second and third letters). The Chronicler normally refers to the Ammonites...


pdf