The Reign of Jehoram (21:1–20)

From: 2 Chronicles

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298 1 wytba ![; lacking in Chr LXX. It is also missing in Kings LXX. 2 Hebrew wlw. 3 LXX adds e{x “six.” 4 whyrz[w. The brother with the same name earlier in the verse is spelled slightly differently hyrz[. Rothstein proposed an emendation: whyz[w “Uzziah.” Curtis and Madsen (414) want to delete the second Azariah or replace it. See the commentary. 5 larcy; the Sebir and many Hebrew mss LXX Syr Vg Arab hdwhy “Judah.” Israel is the more difficult reading and hence probably correct. See also “Israel” at the end of v. 4. Cf. 2 Chr 12:6 “the officers of Israel,” referring to officials under Rehoboam; 2 Chr 28:19 “king Ahaz of Israel.” 6 wyba tklmm l[ !rwhy !qyw. The NRSV translates: “When Jehoram had ascended the throne of his father,” but !wq followed by l[ refers to an act of rebellion. Cf. Deut 19:11; Judg 9:18. The vocali­ zation of tk'l,m]m' is unusual. One would expect tk,l,m]m'. 7 !rwhy; lacking in 2 Kgs 8:17 MT LXX, but present in LXXL . 8 !ynv; cf. 2 Kgs 8:17 Q; 2 Kgs 8:17 K hnv. 9 tb; BHS emends to tja “sister.” Cf. Syr Arab and 2 Chr 22:2//2 Kgs 8:26: “the name of Ahaziah’s mother was Athaliah the daughter of Omri.” Rudolph (264) interprets the MT as a secondary harmonization with the incorrect text of 2 Kgs 8:18 “the daughter of Ahab was his [Jehoram’s] wife.” 10 hva; Sebir, a Cairo genizah fragment, and many Hebrew mss and 2 Kgs 8:18 hval. 11 rma; 2 Kgs 8:19 wl rma. The LXX of Chronicles agrees with Kings MT, and the LXX of Kings agrees with Chronicles MT. 12 wynblw. Cf. 2 Kgs 8:19 wynbl, which is missing in Kgs LXX. BHS suggests emending Kings to wynpl; cf. 1 Kgs 11:36 ynpl . . . ryn. 13 ryn. For this translation, see the commentary. 14 wyrc ![. 2 Kgs 8:21 hry[x “toward Zair,” an unknown town. BHS proposes that the reading in the Vorlage used by the Chronicler—and possibly the original reading in Kings—was hry[c “toward Seir.” Cf. Rudolph, 264. This would explain how the reading in Chronicles arose, primarily by metathesis , but there is no reason to think that this reading ever appeared in Chronicles. 15 !wda ta. Thus also 2 Kgs 8:21, where one, however, should probably reconstruct an original reading !wda wta “Edom (struck) him.” An original final w has been lost. Rudolph (264) argues that a victory of Jehoram over Edom is excluded by 2 Kgs 8:22//2 Chr 21:10: “So Edom has been in revolt against the rule of Judah to this day.” I find this suggestion plausible, but there is no indication that this 1/ Jehoshaphat slept with his fathers, and he was buried with his fathers1 in the city of David. Jehoram his son reigned in his stead. 2/ Jehoram2 had brothers,3 the sons of Jehoshaphat: Azariah, Jehiel, Zechariah, Azariah,4 Michael, and Shephatiah ; all these were sons of Jehoshaphat king of Israel.5 3/ Their father had given to them many gifts, of silver and gold, and costly items, together with fortified cities in Judah; but he had given the kingdom to Jehoram, for he was the firstborn. 4/ When Jehoram had risen up against his father’s kingdom,6 he became strong and killed all of his brothers with the sword and also some of the officials of Israel. 5/ Jehoram7 was thirty-two years old when he became king, and he ruled eight years8 in Jerusalem. 6/ He walked in the way of the kings of Israel, just as the house of Ahab had done, for the daughter9 of Ahab was his wife,10 and he did evil in the eyes of Yahweh. 7/ Yahweh was not willing to destroy the house of David on account of the covenant that he had made with David, and since he had promised11 to give him and his descendants12 dominion13 forever. 8/ In his days Edom revolted against the power of Judah, and they installed a king over themselves. 9/ Then Jehoram crossed over with his officers14 and all his chariotry with him. He set out by night and struck the Edomites,15 who had surrounded him and his chariot commanders .16 10/ Edom has been in revolt against the power of Judah until...