The Admonition of Azariah, Followed by a Second Reform and a Covenant (15:1–19)

From: 2 Chronicles

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222 1/ As for Azariah the son of Oded, the spirit of God came upon him. 2/ He went out before Asa and said to him, “Listen to me, Asa and all Judah and Benjamin. Yahweh will be with you if you are with him.1 If you seek him, he will let himself be found2 by you. If you abandon him, he will abandon you. 3/ For many days Israel was without the true God and without a teaching priest,3 and without law; 4/ but when in their distress they turned to Yahweh the God of Israel and sought him, he let himself be found by them. 5/ In those times there was no safety for anyone who went out or came in, for great disturbances4 were on all the inhabitants of the lands. 6/ They were broken in pieces,5 nation against nation and city against city, for God troubled them with every kind of distress. 7/ But you, take courage! Do not let your hands grow weak, for your work shall be rewarded.” 8/ When Asa heard these words and the prophecy,6 he took courage, and put away the abominable idols from all the land of Judah and Benjamin and from the cities he had captured in the hill country7 of Ephraim. He repaired the altar of Yahweh, which was in front of the vestibule of Yahweh .8 9/ He gathered together all Judah and Benjamin and those who sojourned with them from Ephraim, Manasseh,9 and Simeon, for great numbers from Israel had deserted to him when they saw that Yahweh his God was with him. 10/ They were gathered at Jerusalem in the third month of the fifteenth year of the reign of Asa. 11/ They sacrificed to Yahweh on that day, from the booty they had brought,10 seven hundred oxen and seven thousand sheep. 12/ They entered into a covenant to seek Yahweh the God of their ancestors with all their heart and with all their innermost being. 13/ Everyone who did not seek Yahweh the God of Israel was put to death, whether young or old, whether man or woman. 14/ They took an oath to Yahweh with a loud voice, and with shouting, and with trumpets, and with horns. 15/ All Judah rejoiced over the oath; for they had sworn with all their heart, and they had sought him with all their desire, and he let himself be found by them. Yahweh gave rest to them all around. 16/ Also, as for his mother Maacah, Asa the king removed her11 from being great lady12 because she had made an abominable image for Asherah.13 Asa cut down her abominable image, crushed it,14 and burned it at the Wadi Kidron. 17/ But the high places were not removed from Israel. 15:1-19 The Admonition of Azariah, Followed by a Second Reform and a Covenant Translation 1 Curtis and Madsen, 384: “Yahweh was with you because you were with him.” In a reading discussed in n. 16, Chronicles seems to presuppose a text of Kings different from the MT. 2 axmy. For this translation of the niphal, see HALOT, 620. Cf. Isa 55:6; 65:1; Jer 29:14; Ps 46:1. See Beentjes, “Prophets,” 50. The same interpretation of this verb is followed in vv. 4, 15. 3 hrwm @hk allw; absent from LXX because of homoioarchton before the second allw (“and without law”). 4 twbr tmwhm; LXX e[kstasi~ kurivou “terror of the Lord.” Cf. Zech 14:13 LXX e[kstasi~ kurivou . . . megavlh and MT hbr hwhy tmwhm. In 2 Chr 14:13; 17:10; and 20:29 e[kstasi~ kurivou translates hwhy djp. 5 WtT]kuw“; a few Hebrew mss WtT]kiw“. Cf. LXX Vg. Rudolph (242) concludes that it is unnecessary to vocalize the verb in the piel with some Hebrew mss VL Vg. 6 hawbnhw. MT aybnh dd[ hawbnhw “and the prophecy Oded the prophet.” BHS suggests either aybnh dd[ @b whyrz[ abn rva hawbnhw “and the prophecy which Azariah the son of Oded the prophet prophesied,” or it suggests deleting aybnh dd[ as a gloss intended for v. 1 to indicate the office that Azariah held (cf. Curtis and Madsen, 387; Rudolph, 244, and Dillard, 114). VL Syr Vg preface dd[ with @b whyrz[ “Azariah the son of.” LXX kai; th;n propfh­ teivan ÆAda;d tou' pro­ fhvtou ”and the prophecy of Adad the prophet.” This is an intended, and not wholly...


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