Rehoboam’s First Three Years of Blessing (11:5–23)

From: 2 Chronicles

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167 1 wynbw. Or “successors.” See the commentary. 2 !hyrjaw. LXX kai; ejxevbalen aujtouv~ “and he expelled them.” Allen (Greek Chronicles, 2:121) calls attention to the Talmudic aphel of !rj in the sense of “excommunicate” and reconstructs the Hebrew behind the LXX as !myrjaw. 3 wklh; LXX ejporeuvqh “he [=Rehoboam] walked.” Allen (Greek Chronicles, 2:98) suggests that the plural in the MT is secondary, resulting from the influence of two plural verbs earlier in the verse. 4 Hognesius (Text of 2 Chronicles, 151) notes that there are three spellings of this name in the masoretic tradition: tl'j}m; (Leningradensis), tl'j}m', and tl'j]m'. Cf. n. 18a in BHS. 5 tb with some Hebrew mss LXX Tg Vg Q; K @b “son.” 6 lyhybaw with LXXAal VL Tg Vg. MT lyhyba, without the conjunction. My addition of “the daughter of” makes Abihail the mother of Mahalath. Without this addition, she could be a second wife of Rehoboam. Tg puts the object marker before Abihail, making her a second wife of Rehoboam. Cf. Berger, Kimh\i, 224. See the commentary. 7 tb. Hognesius (Text of 2 Chronicles, 151) construed Abihail as a second wife of Rehoboam and understood tb as granddaughter. Thus Rehoboam the grandson of David marries Abihail the granddaughter of David’s older brother Eliab. In this understanding Abihail would be the mother of the sons listed in v. 19, and Rehoboam and Abihail would be second cousins. 8 !wlvba tb hk[m. Cf. 1 Kgs 15:2. In 2 Chr 13:2 the mother of Abijah is called whykym Micaiah (the daughter of Uriel from Gibeah). See the commentary . 9 hyba; cf. v. 22; 2 Chr 12:16; and nine times in 2 Chronicles 13. 1 Kgs 14:31; 15:1, 7-8 !yba Abijam. See the commentary. 10 tymwlv; cf. LXXL . LXX Salhmwq twmlv “Shelomoth ”; cf. 1 Chr 23:9 K; 1 Chr 23:9 Q tymwlv. This person is a son of Shimei, a Levite. 11 acn. According to HALOT (726), earlier Hebrew used jql in this context. 12 !yvv; LXX triavkonta “thirty.” Cf. VL Josephus Ant. 8.250. Hebrew for thirty = !yvlv. Is “sixty” influenced by the sixty daughters in the second half of the verse? See Allen, Greek Chronicles, 1:16, 106. G. R. Driver (“Abbreviations in the Massoretic Text,” Textus 1 [1960] 125–28; and “Once Again Abbreviations ,” Textus 4 [1964] 82–86) explained this and several other examples as instances of confusion deriving from a system of numerical abbreviations based on the use of initial letters of the numerals. 13 ![bjr; lacking in LXXB and placed at a strange position in MT after varl “as chief prince.” Cf. Allen (Greek Chronicles, 1:119), who notes that when 5/ Rehoboam lived in Jerusalem, and he built cities for defense in Judah. 6/ He built Bethlehem, Etam, Tekoa, 7/ Beth-zur, Soco, Adullam, 8/ Gath, Mareshah, Ziph, 9/ Adoraim, Lachish, Azekah, 10/ Zorah, Aijalon, and Hebron, which are fortified cities in Judah and in Benjamin. 11/ He strengthened the fortresses and put commanders in them and storehouses for food, oil, and wine. 12/ In every city he also put large shields and spears, and made them very strong. Judah and Benjamin belonged to him. 13/ The priests and the Levites who were in all Israel presented themselves to him from all their territory. 14/ For the Levites left their pasture grounds and their possessions and came to Judah and Jerusalem because Jeroboam and his sons1 prevented them from serving as priests for Yahweh, 15/ and because he appointed for himself priests for the high places and for the goat-demons, and for the calves that he had made. 16/ And after them,2 from all the tribes of Israel, those who had dedicated their hearts to seek Yahweh the God of Israel came to Jerusalem in order to sacrifice to Yahweh the God of their ancestors. 17/ They strengthened the kingdom of Judah and made Rehoboam the son of Solomon secure for three years, for they walked3 in the way of David and Solomon for three years. 18/ Rehoboam took as his wife Mahalath4 the daughter of5 Jerimoth son of David, and [the daughter of] Abihail6 the daughter of7 Eliab son of Jesse. 19/ She bore to him sons: Jeush, Shemariah, and Zaham. 20/ After her he took Maacah the daughter of Absalom,8 and she bore to him Abijah,9 Attai, Ziza, and Shelomith.10 21/ Rehoboam loved...