The Two-Week Celebration at the Dedication of the Temple; Yahweh Appears a Second Time to Solomon (7:1–22)

From: 2 Chronicles

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102 1/ When Solomon had finished praying, fire came down from heaven and consumed the burnt offering and the communion sacrifices, and all the while the glory of Yahweh filled the house. 2/ The priests were unable to enter into the temple of Yahweh1 because the glory of Yahweh filled the house of Yahweh. 3/ All the Israelites were watching as the fire came down, and the glory of Yahweh was on the house, and they knelt down on the pavement with their noses to the ground and worshiped and confessed Yahweh, for he is good, for his loyalty lasts forever. 4/ Then the king and all the people offered a sacrifice before Yahweh. 5/ King Solomon2 offered as a sacrifice twenty-two thousand oxen and one hundred twenty thousand sheep.3 So the king and all the people dedicated the house of God. 6/ The priests stood at their posts; the Levites also, with instruments of music for Yahweh, which King David had made4 for confessing Yahweh—for his loyalty lasts forever—whenever David offered praises through their5 playing. Opposite them the priests sounded trumpets;6 and all Israel stood. 7/ Solomon consecrated the middle of the court that was in front of7 the house of Yahweh; for he sacrificed there the burnt offerings, the grain offering,8 and the fat of the offerings of well-being— the bronze altar that Solomon had made was not able to hold the burnt offering and the grain offering and the fat offerings . 8/ Solomon held the festival at that time9 for seven days,10 and all Israel with him, a very great congregation, from Lebohamath to the Wadi of Egypt. 9/ On the eighth day they held a solemn assembly; for they had observed the dedication of the altar11 seven days and the festival seven days.12 10/ On the twenty-third day of the seventh month he sent the people to their tents, rejoicing and in good spirits because of13 the goodness that Yahweh had shown to David and to Solomon14 and to his people Israel. 11/ So Solomon finished the house of Yahweh and the house of the king; all that had come into the heart of Solomon to do in the house of Yahweh and in his own house he accomplished successfully. 12/ Yahweh appeared to Solomon by night and said to him, “I have heard your prayer, and I have chosen this place for myself as a house of sacrifice. 13/ When I shut up the heavens so that there is no rain, or command the locust to devour the land,15 or send pestilence against my people, 14/ if 7:1-22  The Two-Week Celebration at the Dedication of the Temple; Yahweh Appears a Second Time to Solomon 1 hwhy. LXX adds ejn tw'æ kairw'æ ejkeinw'æ “at that time.” Cf. v. 8. Hognesius (Text of 2 Chronicles, 119) identifies this as a Greek corruption. So also Allen, Greek Chronicles, 2:36. In readings discussed in textual notes 2, 8, 16-19, 21, 23, and 25, Chronicles presupposes a text of Kings other than MT. 2 hmlv ^lmh; cf. 1 Kgs 8:63 LXX oJ basileu;~ Salw­ mwvn. Kgs MT hmlv. Chr LXX Salwmwvn agrees with Kgs MT. Van Keulen (Two Versions, 242) concludes correctly that these variants represent independent developments. 3 #la !yrc[w ham @axw; lacking in a few Hebrew mss LXXB because of homoioteleuton. Cf. 1 Kgs 8:63 LXXB . 4 ^lmh dywd hc[ rva; LXX tou' Dauei;d tou' basi­ levw~ “(with instruments for songs of the Lord) of David the king.” 5 That is, the Levites. 6 !yrxjm with Q; K !yrxxjm. Cf. 1 Chr 15:24. LXX salpivzonte~ tai'~ savlpigxin “trumpeted with the trumpets.” 7 ynpl; LXX ejn “in.” 8 hjnmh taw; cf. 1 Kgs 8:64 and the second half of this verse in Chronicles. This word is missing in Chronicles MT because of homoioarchton before !ymlvh yblj taw. 9 ayhh t[b gjh ta; cf. 1 Kgs 8:65 LXX. Kgs MT gjh ta ayhh t[b. 10 !ymy ![bv. 1 Kgs 8:65 lacks these words here but at the end of the verse reads: wnyhla hwhy ynpl !wy rc[ habra !ymy t[bvw !ymy t[bv “before Yahweh our God seven days and seven days, fourteen days.” Kgs LXX ejnwvpion kurivou qeou' hJmw'n ejn tw'æ oi[kwæ w|æ w\ækodovmhsen ejsqivwn kai; pivnwn kai; eujfrainovmeno~ ejnwvpion kurivou qeou' hJmw'n eJpta; hJmevra~ “before the Lord...


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