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55 1/ He made a bronze altar, twenty cubits long, twenty1 cubits wide, and ten cubits high.2 2/ Then he made the sea of cast metal; it was round, ten cubits from one rim to the other,3 and five cubits high. A line of thirty4 cubits would encircle it.5 3/ Under it figures resembling a bull6 were all around it, ten to a cubit, encircling the sea all around.7 The bulls were cast in two rows when they were cast. 4/ It stood on twelve oxen, three facing north, three facing west, three facing south, and three facing east. The sea was placed on top of them. All their hindquarters were toward the inside. 5/ Its thickness was a handbreadth ; its rim was made like the rim of a cup, like the flower of a lily; it held8 three thousand baths.9 6/ He made ten lavers, and he put five on the right (south)10 and five on the left (north) for washing in them. In these they cleansed the things used for the burnt offering;11 the sea was for the priests to wash in. 7/ He made ten golden lampstands as prescribed , and put them in the temple, five on the south side and five on the north. 8/ He also made ten tables and put them in the temple, five on the south side and five on the north. And he made one hundred12 basins of gold. 9/ He made the court of the priests, and the great court, and doors for the (great) court;13 he overlaid their doors with bronze. 10/ The sea he put on the south side of the temple,14 at the southeast corner. 11/ Huram made the pots,15 the shovels,16 and the basins.17 Thus Huram18 completed doing the work19 which he did for King Solomon in the house of God: 12/ the two pillars, the two bowls of the capitals20 on the top of the pillars; and the two lattice-works to cover the two bowls of the capitals that were on the top of the pillars; 13/ the four hundred pomegranates21 for the two lattice-works, two rows of pomegranates22 for each latticework , to cover the two bowls of the capitals that were on23 the pillars. 14/ He made24 the stands, he made25 the lavers on the stands, 15/ the one sea, and the twelve oxen underneath it, 16/ the pots, the shovels, and the forks.26 And all the utensils for them27 Huram-abi28 made of burnished bronze29 for King Solomon for the house of Yahweh. 17/ In the plain of the Jordan the king cast them, in the clay ground30 between Succoth and Zarethan.31 18/ Solomon made32 all these utensils in such great quantity that the weight of the bronze was incalculable. 19/ So Solomon made all the utensils that were 4:1—5:1 Solomon Constructs Additional Items for the Temple and Brings into the Temple Items David Had Dedicated 1 Syr: “ten.” In readings discussed in nn. 15 and 40 (cf. n. 30), Chronicles presupposes a text of Kings other than MT. 2 According to Hognesius (Text of 2 Chronicles, 88), this verse once appeared in the Kings Vorlage but was lost sometime after the Chronicler incorporated it. See the commentary. 3 wtpc la wtpcm; LXX th;n diamevtrhsan “the diameter .” 4 !yvlv. So also 1 Kgs 7:23; Kgs LXX (v. 10) trei'~ kai; triav­ konta “thirty-three.” R. B. Y. Scott (“The Hebrew Cubit,” JBL 77 [1958] 209) suggested that this translation resulted from a new calculation that allowed for the thickness of the rim in determining the circumference. 5 LXX kai; to; kuvklwma phvcewn triavkonta “And the circumference thirty cubits.” Cf. JPS “and its circumference was 30 cubits.” Both of these translations show dynamic equivalence. 6 wl tjtm rqb twmdw, with BHS; MT tjt !yrqb twmdw wl (the mêm was attached to the preceding rather than the following word). 1 Kgs 7:24 tjtm !y[qpw wtpcl “under its rim were gourds” (BDB [825] interprets !y[qp as ball-shaped, knob-shaped, or gourd-shaped; HALOT [960] “ornaments in the shape of gourds”). Curtis and Madsen (332) attribute the word !yrqb to “some ignorant copyist” and restore !y[qpw in Chronicles, which they translate as “gourd-like knops.” Note, however, that Chronicles changes the reading to rqb (plural and singular) twice in this verse and prefixes the first with the noun twmdw. The...


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