Solomon’s Correspondence with Huram; Conscription of Laborers 1:18–2:17 (2:1–18)

From: 2 Chronicles

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29 18 (2:1)/ Solomon decided1 to build a house for the name of Yahweh and a palace for his kingdom . 1 (2)/ Solomon mustered2 seventy thousand laborers who bore burdens and eighty thousand stonecutters in the hill country, with the overseers over them numbering three thousand and six3 hundred. 2 (3)/ Solomon sent a message to Huram4 the king of Tyre, “Just as you have dealt with David my father5 and sent to him cedar wood to build for himself a house to live in— 3 (4)/ See, I am building6 a house for the name of Yahweh my God by consecrating it to him for offering fragrant incense before him, and for the regular offering of the rows of bread7 and for burnt offerings8 every morning and evening, on the sabbaths, and the new moons, and the appointed festivals of Yahweh our God, as this is established forever over Israel. 4 (5)/ The house that I am about to build is great, for our God is greater than all the gods. 5 (6)/ But who is able to build for him a house, when the heavens and the highest heavens cannot contain him,9 and who am I to build for him a house, except as a place to burn sacrifices before him?— 6 (7)/ Now send to me a person skilled10 to work in gold, silver, bronze, and iron, and in red purple,11 crimson12 , and bluish purple13 fabrics, knowledgeable about engraving, together with the skilled workers who are with me14 in Judah and Jerusalem, whom my father David provided. 7 (8)/ And send to me cedar wood, cypress, and almug wood15 from Lebanon, for I know that your servants are skilled in cutting the timber of Lebanon. My servants will work with your servants16 8 (9)/ to prepare17 timber for me in abundance, for the house which I am about to build will be great and marvelous .18 9 (10)/ I have allocated for your servants, for the lumberjacks, who cut down the timber, twenty thousand cors of crushed wheat,19 twenty thousand cors of barley, twenty thousand baths of wine, and twenty thousand baths of oil.20 10 (11)/ Huram the king of Tyre replied in a letter that he sent to Solomon, “Because Yahweh loves his people, he has made you king over them.” 11 (12)/ Huram also said, “Blessed be Yahweh the God of Israel, who made the heavens and the earth, who has given to king21 David a wise son, one endowed with discretion and understanding , who is about to build a house for Yahweh and a royal palace for himself. 12 (13)/ Now I have sent Huram-abi, a wise person, one endowed with understand1 :18—2:17 (2:1-18)  Solomon’s Correspondence with Huram; Conscription of Laborers 1 rmayw; cf. 2 Chr 28:10, 13; 1 Kgs 5:19 (5); Josh 22:33. In readings discussed in the final textual note in v. 9 (10) and the textual note in v. 17 (18), Chronicles presupposes a text of Kings other than MT. 2 rpsyw; LXX sunhvgagen “gathered together” = perhaps #syw or #sayw. See Hognesius, Text of 2 Chronicles, 73. Rudolph (198), cites 1 Chr 22:2 as a parallel, but there sunagagei'n translates snk. 3 twam vvw; so also Chr LXX. See the textual note on v. 17 (18). 4 !rwj; cf. 1 Chr 14:1 Q. Some Hebrew mss LXX Syr Vg !ryj “Hiram”; cf. 1 Chr 14:1 K. The original name would seem to be !ryja; hence !ryj is historically correct. Allen (Greek Chronicles, 2:120) proposes that a simple waµw/yôd confusion lies behind this spelling difference. Huram also appears in 1 Chr 2:10-11 (11-12); 4:11 twice (the second occurrence has Hiram in K and Huram in Q); 8:1, 12; 9:10 (again Hiram in K and Huram in Q), 21. In 1 Kgs 5:24 and 32 (10 and 18), the name is spelled !wryj “Hirom.” In the Jewish Antiquities and in Against Apion, Josephus calls him Ei[rwmo~. 5 yba. Rudolph (198) and Curtis and Madsen (320) suggest adding wnb ym[ hc[ @k “so do with me his son.” Hognesius (Text of 2 Chronicles, 74) and Williamson (198; cf. Rudolph, 198) see it as a case of aposiopesis, continuing in v. 6 (7). 6 hnwb. LXX puts before this oJ uiJo;~ aujtou` (wnb) “his son,” which may have been lost in MT by homoioarchton . Hognesius...