God Appears to Solomon at Gibeon; Solomon’s Wealth and Trading Ventures (1:1–17)

From: 2 Chronicles

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Commentary 2Chronicles_1.indd 15 9/21/2012 5:51:13 AM 2Chronicles_1.indd 16 9/21/2012 5:51:13 AM 17 1/ And Solomon the son of David took firm control over his kingdom, and Yahweh his God was with him and magnified him exceedingly. 2/ After Solomon gave orders to all Israel, to the commanders of the thousands and of the hundreds, the judges,1 and to every leader of all Israel, the heads of families, 3/ Solomon and the whole assembly with him went to the high place which was in Gibeon, for there was God’s tent of meeting,2 which Moses the servant of Yahweh had made in the wilderness. 4/ But David had brought up the ark of God from Kiriath-jearim to the place that David had prepared for it,3 for David had pitched for it a tent in Jerusalem. 5/ Moreover, the bronze altar, which Bezalel the son of Uri the son of Hur had made, was there4 before the tabernacle of Yahweh . Solomon and the assembly5 sought it.6 6/ ­ Solomon made an offering7 there, in Yahweh’s presence,8 on the bronze altar, which was at the tent of meeting, and he offered on it one thousand burnt­ offerings. 7/ That night God appeared to Solomon and said to him, “Ask what I should give to you.” 8/ Solomon replied to God, “You9 have shown to David my father great loyalty, and you have made me king in his stead. 9/ Now, Yahweh God, let your promise10 to David my father be confirmed, for you have made me king over a people as numerous as the dust of the earth. 10/ Now give me wisdom and knowledge so that I may go out and come in before this people, for who can govern this great people of yours?” 11/ God said to Solomon, “Because this is in your heart, and you did not ask for riches, wealth,11 and honor, neither for the life of those who hate you, nor for many days have you asked, but you have asked for yourself wisdom and knowledge so that you might govern my people, over whom I have made you king, 12/ wisdom and knowledge are granted12 to you, and riches, wealth, and honor I will give to you, such as none of the kings who were before you, and after you there will not be anything like this.” 13/ Then Solomon came from the high place13 which was at Gibeon, from the tent of meeting, to Jerusalem. And he ruled as king over Israel. 14/ Solomon amassed chariots and horses; he had fourteen hundred chariots and twelve thousand horses, which he posted14 in the chariot cities and with the king in Jerusalem . 1:1-17  God Appears to Solomon at Gibeon; Solomon’s Wealth and Trading Ventures Translation 1 !yfpvlw. Curtis and Madsen (316) propose emending to !yfbvh “the tribes” and suggest that yrclw “the commanders of” was accidentally lost before it. Hence, “the commanders of the tribes.” See 1 Chr 28:1; 29:6. In a reading discussed in the second textual note in v. 17, Chronicles seems to presuppose a text of Kings other than MT. 2 !yhlah d[wm lha. This could also be translated “the tent for meeting God.” The expression occurs only here in the Bible. 3 dywd wl @ykhb. Hognesius (Text of 2 Chronicles, 63)­ suggests that this is a kind of abbreviation for dywd wl @ykh rva !wqmb, “in the place which David had prepared for it.” Cf. 1 Chr 15:12 ytwnykh la wl, “to [the place which] I have prepared for it.” Chr LXX o{ti hJtoivmasen aujthæ' = wl wykh yk. 4 !v, with many Heb. mss LXX Vg; cf. Hognesius, Text of 2 Chronicles, 64. Many Heb. mss Syr Tg Arab !c “he [Solomon] put.” An altar for burnt offerings had already been there in David’s day (see 1 Chr 16:3940 ) so that it was not Solomon who put it there. For a defense of “put,” see Carr, From D to Q, 95 n. 151. 5 lhqhw; cf. 2 Chr 24:6; 29:23. A few Heb. mss LXXA and other MSS Syr Vg lhqh lkw, “and all the assembly” (cf. v. 3; 2 Chr 6:3). 6 “It” refers to the altar (cf. LXX Vg) or “him” = God (Myers, 2:3). 1 Chronicles 13:3 speaks of seeking “the ark” (cf. 1 Chr 15:13) and leads...


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