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23 1/ 12/ 21/ 24/ 25/ Translation When David grew old and had reached the full limit of days, he made his son1 Solomon king over Israel. 2/ Then he gathered together all the leaders of Israel and of the priests and the Levites. 3/ The Levites were counted from thirty years old and upward, and the head count for their men2 was thirty-eight thousand: 4/ of these,3 there were twenty-four thousand over the work of the house of Yahweh, six thousand officers and judges, 5/ four thousand gatekeepers, and four thousand to praise Yahweh with instruments I had made4 for offering praises.5 6/ David distributed them6 into divisions . Concerning the sons of Levi: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari. 7/ Concerning the Gershonites7 : Ladan and Shimei. 8/ The sons of Ladan the chief: Jehiel, Zetham8, and Joelthree . 9/ The sons of Jehiel9: Shelomoth,10 HazieJ1\ and Haran-three. These were the heads of the families of Ladan. 10/ The sons of Shimei: Jahath, Zizah,12 Jeush, and Beriah. These were the sons of Shimei-four. 11/ Jahath was chief and Zizah second. Jeush and Beriah did not have many sons, and so they were enrolled as a single family.13 The sons of Kohath: Amram, lzhar, Hebron, and Uzziel-four. 13/ The sons of Amram: Aaron and Moses. Aaron, together with his sons, was set apart forever to consecrate the most holy things by burning offerings before Yahweh in service to him and to bless with his name forever. 14/ As for Moses, the man of God, his descendants were reckoned among14 the tribe of Levi. 15/ The sons of Moses: Gershom and Eliezer. 16/ The sons of Gershom: ShubaeJ15 the chief. 17/ The sons of Eliezer: Rehabiah the chief. Eliezer had no other sons, but the sons of Rehabiah were exceedingly many. 18/ The sons of lzhar: Shelomoth16 the chief. 19/ The sons of Hebron: Jeriah the chief, Amariah the second , Jahaziel the third; and Jekameam the fourth. 20/ The sons of Uzziel: Micah the chief and lsshiah the second. The sons of Merari: Mahli and Mushi. The sons of Mahli: Eleazar and Kish. 22/ Eleazar died and had no sons, but only daughters; the sons of Kish their kindred17 married18 them. 23/ The sons of Mushi: Mahli, Eder, and Jeremoth. These were the sons of Levi by their ancestral houses, the heads of families as they were enrolled,19 with a list of names by their heads, from twenty years old and upward, who were to do20 the work of the service of the house of Yahweh. For David had said, "Yahweh, the God of Israel, has given rest to his people, and he 23:1-32 Levites: Introduction, Census, List, and Duties LXX adds aiJT' CXVTDV "instead of him." 2 D'l:::il? on?l?l? t:ll!:lOO, lit. "their number according to their heads of the men." 3 Should we preface these words with i'1i IO!il:'1 "And David said," in order to accommodate the first person reference in v. 5? Or is that first person reference secondary? 4 'n'tvJJ; LXX, Vg: i1tDJJ "he made." See textual note 3. 5 ??n?; a few Hebrew MSS ??n? i11i1'?. Cf. LXX, where, however, the divine name Yahweh follows the verb. 6 op?n•1. The verb is vocalized as a niphal imperfect with wiiw consecutive and 3d masc. pl. suffix (cf. 1 Chr 24:3); a qal or piel pointing would be preferable . Cf. BHS and BDB, 323b. 7 'lilhl?. Other uses of this gentilic are at 1 Chr 26:21; 29:8; 2 Chr 29:12. 8 onn; Syr t:ln1'1 'Jotham." 9 '?lil:'i1'. This conjecture follows Kjell Hognesius, "A Note on 1 Chr 23," SJOT 1 (1987) 123-27, who bases himself on the structure of the genealogy. Rudolph, 154, also CO I~ectures that 'J)O\Zi "Shimei" (MT) is a corruption of one of the names in v. 8 without specifying which. See the commentary for additional discussion. 10 mo?IZi with K, Syr, Arab.; Q, many Hebrew MSS, LXX, Tg, Vg: rm?IZi: "Shelomith." 11 '?lll:'tn1. LXX6 Kat ELELT/A. A copyist mistakenly confused this name with 'Jehiel" in the previous verse. 12 lilii'i, with one Hebrew MS, LXX, Vg; cf. v. 11. MT lll:l'i "Zinah." This is the only time Zinah appears as a name in the OT, and Zizah appears only in these verses as well. Cf. i10i...


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