21

From: 1 Chronicles

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21 1/ Translation Satan stood up against Israel and incited David to number Israel. 2/ David said to Joab and to the commanders of1the people, " Go,2number Israel from Beer-sheba to Dan, and bring me a reportl so that I may know their number." 3/ Joab said, "May Yahweh add to his people4like them5 a hundredfold! Are not, my lord the king,6all of them servants to my lord? Why should my lord seek this? Why should this bring retribution for Israel?" 4/ The word of the king prevailed over7Joab. Joab went forth and traveled through all Israel and came to Jerusalem. 5/ Joab gave the number of the census of the people to David. All Israel amounted to one million one hundred thousand who drew the sword. Judah amounted to fourS hundred seventy9thousand who drew the sword. 6/ He did not number Levi and Benjamin among them, for the command of the king was abhorrent to10Joab. 71 This matter was displeasing to God and he struck Israel. 8/ David said to God, "I have sinned exceedingly against God in that I have done this matter.11 Now take away the iniquity of your servant, for I have behaved very foolishly." 9/ Yahweh spoke to Gad the seer of12David, 10/ "Go and say to David, saying,13 'Thus says Yahweh: Three things I am offering14 to you. Choose one of them for yourself so that I may do it to you."' 11/ Gad came to David and said to him, "Thus says Yahweh, 'Take your choice:15 12/ either three16years of famine or three months of your fleeing17 from before18 your foes while the sword of your enemies overtakes you, or three days of the sword of Yahweh, pestilence in the19 land, and the angel of Yahweh destroying throughout the territory of Israel.' And now,20 consider what I should respond to the one who sent me." 13/ David said to Gad, " This is exceedingly stressful for me." 21 Let me faU22into the hand of Yahweh, for his mercies are exceedingly23 manifold, but let me not fall into human hands." 14/ Yahweh caused a pestilence in lsrael,24 and there fell from Israel seventy thousand persons. 15/ God sent an angel to Jerusalem25 to destroy it, but when he was about to destroy26 it, Yahweh looked and changed his mind about27 the calamity and said to the destroying angel, "Enough! Now let your hand drop." The angel of Yahweh was standing28 by the threshing floor of Ornan29 the Jebusite. 16/ David looked up and saw the angel of Yahweh standing between earth and heaven, with his drawn sword in his hand stretched out against Jerusalem. David and the elders, covered with sackcloth, fell on their faces.3017/ David said to God, "Was it 414 21:1-22:1 David's Census and Acquisition of Future Temple Site 'IV ':>~1; cf. 2 Sam 24:2 LXXL Samuel MT IV (singular , referring to joab). Samuel MT continues n~ ltV~ ';>•ni1 "of the army, who was with him," as does Samuel LXX and LXXL, though the latter adds "in j erusalem." Samuel LXXLagrees with Chronicles in making the leaders a group distinct from Joab. See also the next note. In readings discussed in textual notes 1-5, 7-8, 11-13, 15-16, 18-20, 22-23, 25, 27-28, 30-33, and 3640, Chronicles presupposes a text of Samuel otl1er than MT. 2 While 2 Sam 24:2 LXXL probably translates a different Hebrew verb, it agrees with Chronicles in putting the verb in the plural, since its subject is Joab and the commanders. 3 ·';>~ 1~'::li11; cf. 2 Sam 24:2 LXXL. Lacking in Samuel MT, LXX. 4 1D.Il '?.ll; cf. one Hebrew MS of 2 Sam 24:3, LXXL. Samuel MT, LXX: D.lli1 ';>~ "to the people." The text of Chronicles MT, therefore, is not a theological change effected by the Chronicler, but a change based on a divergent text of Samuel. 5 Ci1J; cf. 2 Sam 24:3 LXXAL'IN Samuel MT Di1J1 Di1J. 6 l'?Di1 'li~ ~'?i1. Instead of tllis initial clause, Chroni· des LXX agrees with 2 Sam 24:3l'?Di1 'li~ 'l'.ll1 m~l "And the eyes of my lord the king see." Because the next words in Chronicles LXX follow Chronicles MT, it is likely that the initial clause has been corrected from Samuel. 7 '?.ll; cf. 2 Sam 24:4 few Hebrew MSS, LXXL. Samuel MT, LXX:'?~. 8 .ll::ll...