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11 1/ 41 10/ 15/ Translation Then all Israel gathered together1to David at Hebron, saying,2 " We are your bone and your flesh. 2/ Formerly even when Saul was king, you were3the one who brought out and brought in Israel, and Yahweh your God4 said to you: "It is you who should shepherd my people Israel, and you will be ·prince over my people5Israel." 3/ All the elders of Israel came to the king6at Hebron, and David7 made for them a covenant at Hebron before Yahweh, and they anointed David king over Israel according to the word of Yahweh by the agency of Samuel. David and all lsrael8went to Jerusalem, that is, Jebus, and there were the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land. 5/ The inhabitants of Jebus said to David, " You cannot come here," but David captured the fortress of Zion, that is, the city of David. 6/ David said, "Whoever is the first to smite the Jebusites will be head and commander." And Joab the son of Zeruiah went up first, and he became a head. 7/ David dwelled in the fortress; therefore they call it the city of David. 8/ He built9the city10 round about from the Millo and all around,11 while Joab repaired/kept alive the rest of the city.12 9/ David constantly grew greater and Yahweh of hosts13 was with him. These are the heads of David's warriors who gave him strong support in his kingdom, together with14 all Israel, to make him king, according to the word of Yahweh concerning Israel. 11I These are the number15 of the warriors who belonged to David: Jeshbaal,16 son of17 a Hachmonite,18 was head over the Thirty;19 he wielded his spear2° over three21 hundred men whom he killed at one time. 12/ After him was Eleazar son of Dodo,22 the Ahohite. He was included among the three mighty men.23 13/ He was24 with David at Pas-dammim25when the Philistines were gathering there for battle.26 A portion of the field was full of barley.27 The people had fled from the Philistines, 14/ but he28 took his stand in the middle of the portion, he29 defended it, and smote30 the Philistines; Yahweh brought victory31 by a great act of salvation . Three32 of the thirty chiefs went down from33 the rock34to David at the cave of Adullam, and the army35of the Philistines was camping in the valley of Rephaim. 16/ David was at that time in the stronghold, and the garrison36of the Philistines was at that time at Bethlehem. 17/ David said longingly, "Oh, that someone would give me water to drink from the cistern37at Bethlehem that is at the gate." 18/ The Three broke through the camp of the Philistines, and they drew water from the well at Bethlehem that is at the 292 11:1-47 Early Days of David's Rule; David's Mighty Men 1:Dp'1; Chronicles LXX and 2 Sam 5:1 1K:::l'1 "came." Is Chronicles MT a secondary change, or has Chronicles LXX been corrected to Samuel? In readings d iscussed in textual notes 2, 9-10, 13, 16-1 7, 24-25, 32, 34, 38,40,47,51,53-55,57, 62, 67, 69, 72, 74, 78, and 80, Chronicles presupposes a text of Samuel other than MT. 2 lr.lK'?; cf. 2 Sam 5:1 4QSam•, LXXMN •·ell, OL, Vg. Samuel MT lr.lK? 11r.lK'1; Samuel LXX 11r.lK"1. Chronicles preserves one of the two synonymous readings in Samuel; Samuel MT is conflate. 3 In contrast to 2 Sam 5:2, this verb is not explicit in Chronicles. J ohnstone, 1:143, suggests that this implies "you were and still are the one." 4 Til'iK; lacking in Chronicles LXX and 2 Sam 5:2. 5 ' r.lll; lacking in Chronicles LXX and 2 Sam 5:2. 6 l'ir.lil '?K. Rudolph, 94, proposed 1::1'?!? "to make him ki ng"; see the commentary. 7 One Hebrew MS, LXX, Syr add l'?! "king"; cf. 2 Sam 5:3. 8 '?Kib' ?::11 1'11; Chronicles LXX 1'iZilK1 l'ir.lil "the king and his men," a correction to 2 Sam 5:6. 9 p·1. The subject is implied through the verb form in MT; cf. 2 Sam 5:9 LXX, 4QSam•. Samuel MT 111 p•1 "David built." 10 l'lli'l P'1; cf2 Sam 5:9 LXXL 4QSam•, Samuel...


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