4

From: 1 Chronicles

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4 1/ 2/ 5/ 9/ 11/ 13/ 16/ Translation 4:1-23 The sons of Judah: Perez, Hezron, Caleb,1 Hur, and Shobal. Reaiah the son of2 Shobal became the father of Jahath, and Jahath became the father of Ahumai and lahad. These were the families of the Zorathites. 3/ These are the sons of Hareph, the father of Beth-gader: X3the father4 of Etam,5Jezreel, lshma, and ldbash; and the name of their sister was Hazzelelponi ,64/ and Penuel was the father of Gedor, and Ezer was the father of Hushah. These are the sons of Hur the firstborn of Ephrathah, the father of1 Bethlehem. Ashhur the father of Tekoa had two wives, Helah and Naarah; 6/ Naarah bore to him Ahuzzam, Hepher, Temeni, and Haahashtari. These were the sons of Naarah. 7/ The sons of Helah: Zereth, Zohar,8 Ethnan, and Koz.9 8/ Koz became the father of Anub and Zobebah,10 and the families of Aharhel son of Harum.11 Jabez was honored more than his brothers; and his mother named him Jabez, saying, " Because I bore him in pain." 10/ Jabez called on the God of Israel, saying, "Oh that12you would thoroughly bless me and enlarge my territory, and let your hand be w ith me, and act without regard to the evil [inherent in my birth and name] so as not to cause me pain."13 God brought to pass that which he had requested. Chelub1 4the brother15 of Shuhah16 became the father of Mehir, who was the father of Eshton. 12/ Eshton became the father of Beth-rapha, Paseah, and Tehinnah17 the father of lr-nahash18. These are the men of Rechab.19 The sons of Kenaz: Othniel and Seraiah; and the sons of Othniel: Hathath and Meonothai.20 14/ And Meonothai became the father of Ophrah; and Seraiah became the father of Joab the father.of Ge-harashim, so named because they were artisans. 15/ The sons of Caleb the son of Jephunneh:21lr and Elah,ZZ and Naam; these were the sons of Kenaz.23·24 The sons of25 Jehallelel: Ziph, Ziphah, Tiria, and Asarel. 17/ The sons26of Ezrah: Jether, Mered, Epher, and Jalon, and Jether became the father of27Miriam, Shammai, and Ishbah the father of Eshtemoa. 18/ And his Judahite28 wife bore Jered father of Gedor, Heber father of Soco, and Jekuthiel father of Zanoah. And29these are the sons of Bithiah, the daughter of Pharaoh, whom Mered took as his wife: X.30 19/ The sons of his Judahite wife,31the sister of Naham, the fatherl2of Keilah:33 the Garmite and Eshtemoa34 the Maacathite. 20/ The sons of Shimon: Amnon, Rinnah, Ben-hanan, and Tilon.35 The 124 :J'i:l1, as conjectured by Wellhausen; Curtis and Madsen, 104; BHS;Japhet, 104; et al.; MT '01::>1 "Carmi." This last reading, adopted by Williamson, 59, and Willi, 67, may have arisen under the influence of the sequence of names Hezron and Carmi in 5:3. See also the commentary. A spelling of '::!'?::> or '::!1'?::> (see 2:9) may have facilitated the change from Caleb to Carmi. 2 p OTJ.l~i'. LXX incorrectly divides the sentence: ". . . and Reaiah his son. And Shobal became the father. ..." 3 The name of the father of Etam is missing. See textual note 5. 4 '::!~ . LXX "sons." 5 t:i~'l.l '::!~ ... i1l n':J '::!~ = r1n 'l:J 01'?~1. A conjectural replacement for MT C~'J) '::!~ 01'?~1 "And these are the father of Etam (?)." Cf. Rothstein, 51; Noth, "Liste," 103; Rudolph, 30; Myers, 1:23; Japhet, 107. In 2:51 Hareph is called the father of Beth-gader, and he is the only son of Hur whose descendants were not given there. Syr reads: "And these are the sons of Amminadab the father of Ahizarel ['!lyzr'l]." Curtis and Madsen, 105: t:i~'J) '::!~ i 1n 'l:J 01'?~1 "And these are the sons of Hur the father of Etam." Simi· larly Demsky, "Clans of Ephrath," 53. 6 'l1~'i'i~n cmn~ Cili1. Rudolph, 30, emends: (i1Dili) ;rmn~ t:itzi ·m'i ::!~01 "(her name) was placed before the name of her sister," and considers it a marginal notation to the name Helah in v. 5 since the names of the sisters in vv. 6-7 are put in the reverse order. 7 ':::!~ . Rudolph, 30, arbitrarily substitutes ~-i1 "that is." Cf. Gen 35:19. He argues that "the father of Bethlehem " does not harmonize with 1 Chr 2:19, 24 (where...