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From: 1 Chronicles

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2 31 9/ 10/ 18/ 25/ Translation The descendants of Judah: Er, Onan, and Shelah. Three sons were born1to him from Bath-shua,2 a Canaanite woman, but Er the firstborn of Judah was evil in the eyes of Yahweh3 and he put him to death.4 4/ Tamar, his daughter-in-law, bore for him Perez and Zerah. All the sons of Judah were five. 5/ The sons of Perez: Hezron and Hamul.56/ The sons of Zerah: Zimri,6 Ethan, Heman, Calcol, and Darda/ five in all. 7/ The sons of Zimri: Carmi; and the sons of Carmi:8 Achar,9the troubler of Israel, who acted unfaithfully with regard to things put under the ban. 8/ The sons10 of Ethan: Azariah. The sons of Hezron who were born to him: Jerahmeel, Ram, and Chelubai.11 Ram became the father of Amminadab, and Amminadab became the father of Nahshon, the prince of the sons12 of Judah. 11/ And Nahshon became the father of Salma,13 and Salma became the father of Boaz. 12/ Boaz became the father of Obed, and Obed became the father of Jesse. 13/ Jesse14 became the father of Eliab his firstborn, Abinadab15 the second, Shimea16 the third, 14/ Nethanel the fourth, Raddai the fifth, 15/ Ozem the sixth, David the seventhY 16/ Their sisters: Zeruiah and Abigail. The sons of Zeruiah: Abshai,18Joab, and Asahel, three. 17/ Abigail gave birth to Amasa, and the father of Amasa was Jether the lshmaelite .19 Caleb the son of Hezron became the father of Jerioth,2° with Azubah his wife.21 These were her sons: Jesher, Shobab, and Ardon. 19/ Azubah died and Caleb took Ephrath for himself. and she bore to him Hur. 20/ Hur became the father of Uri, and Uri became the father of Bezalel. 21/ Later Hezron had sexual relations22 with the daughter of Machir the father of Gilead. When he took her, he was sixty years old, and she bore to him Segub. 22/ Segub became the father of Jair, who had twenty-three cities in the land of Gilead. 23/ Geshur and Aram seized from them Havvoth-jair together with Kenath and its villages, sixty cities. All these are the sons23of Machir the father of Gilead.24 24/ After the death of Hezron, Caleb had sexual relations with25Ephrath,26 (and the wife of Hezron was Abijah,)27 and she bore to him Ashhur the father of Tekoa. The descendants of Jerahmeel, the firstborn of Hezron: Ram his firstborn, Bunah,28 Oren, Ozem, and Ahijah.29 26/ Jerahmeel had another wife, and her name was Atarah. She was the mother of Onam. 27/ The sons of Ram, the firstborn of Jerahmeel: Maaz, Jamin,30 and Eker. 28/ The sons of Onam: Shammai and Jada. And the sons of Shammai : Nadab and Abishur. 29/ And the name of the wife of Abishur was Abihail,31 and she bore to him Ahban and Molid. 30/ The sons 82 2:3-55 Genealogy from Judah i'?1l The verb is niphal 3d masc. sg. perfect, although the subject is in the plural. One Hebrew MS puts the verb in the plural, but the singular verb form appears five times in Chronicles (1 Chr 2:3, 9; 3:1, 4; 26:6), each time with a plural subject. Cf. GKC §145. Willi, 84, ascribes a catchword function to this verb form and notes that the root i'?' appears 51 times in the 100 verses of this genealogy. 2 li1iZi-n:::l1:l. Cf. Gen 38:2: "Judah saw the daughter of a Canaanite man and his [LXX "her"] name was Shua." Gen 38:12 and the text here are ambiguous and could be translated either "the daughter of Shua" or "Bath-shua," but the appositional phrase suggests the reading I have chosen. Cf. also the wife of David who has the same name in 1 Chr 3:5. 3 This is the first of more than five hundred occurrences of the Teu·agrammaton in Chronicles, and it is the divine name used more than all the other names combined. I have chosen to use this spelling rather than LORD, as in most English versions, or YHWH, as in many scholarly works (the latter abbreviation, of course, cannot be pronounced). In Judaism this divine name is not pronounced. 4 BHS suggests an insertion on the basis of Gen 38:10 that MT has lost by homoioteleuton: "And also Onan his second son was evil in the eyes of...


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