Genealogies (1:1–9:44)

From: 1 Chronicles

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Commentary 1 1/ 5/ 24/ 28/ 34/ Genealogies Translation Adam, Seth, Enosh; 2/ Kenan, Mahalalel, Jared; 3/ Enoch, Methuselah, Lamech; 4/ Noah,1 Shem, Ham, and Japheth. The descendants of Japheth: Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan,2 Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras. 6/ The descendants of Gomer: Ashkenaz, Riphath,3 and Togarmah.4 7/ The descendants of Javan: Elishah, Tarshish,5 Kittim, and Rodanim.6 8/ The7 descendants of Ham: Cush, Egypt, Put,8 and Canaan. 9/ The descendants of Cush: Seba, Havilah, Sabta,9 Raamah,10 and Sabteca. The descendants of Raamah: Sheba and Dedan. 10/ Cush became the father of Nimrod;11 he was the first to be a mighty man12 on the earth.13 11/ Egypt became the father of Ludim,14 Anamim, Lehabim, Naphtuhim. 12/ Pathrusim , Casluhim, from whom the Philistines went forth, and the Caphtorim.15 13/ Canaan became the father of Sidon16 his firstborn and Heth, 14/ and the Jebusites, the Amorites , the Girgashites, 15/ the Hivites, the Arkites, and the Sinites, 16/ the Arvadites, the Zemarites, and the Hamathites. 17/ The descendants of Shem: Elam, Asshur, Arpachshad,17 Lud, and Aram. And the descendants of Aram:18 Uz, Hul, Gether, and Mash.19 18/ Arpachshad became the father of2° Shelah, and Shelah became the father of Eber. 19/ To Eber were born two sons: the name of the one was Peleg (for in his days the world was divided), and the name of his brother was Joktan. 20/ Joktan became the father of Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, 21/ Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, 22/ Eba1,21 Abimael, Sheba, 23/ Ophir,22 Havilah, and Jobab. All these were the descendants of Joktan. Shem, Arpachshad, Shelah; 25/ Eber, Peleg, Reu; 26/ Serug, Nahor, Terah; 27/ Abram (that is,23 Abraham). The descendants of Abraham: Isaac and Ishmael . 29/ These24 are their generations:25 the firstborn of Ishmael: Nebaioth;26 and Kedar, Adbeel,27 Mibsam, 30/ Mishma,28 Dumah, Massa,29 Hadad, Tema, 31/ Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah. These are the descendants of Ishmael. 32/ The descendants of Keturah the concubine of Abraham: she bore30 Zimran, Jokshan,31 Medan, Midian, lshbak, and Shuah. The descendants of Jokshan: Sheba32 and Dedan.33 33/ The descendants of Midian: Ephah, Epher,34 Hanoch, Abida, and Eldaah. All these are the descendants of Keturah. Abraham became the father of Isaac. The descendants of Isaac: Esau and lsrael.35 35/ The descendants of Esau: Eliphaz, Reuel, Jeush,36 Jalam, and Korah. 36/ The descendants of Eliphaz: Ternan, Omar,37 Zephi,38 Gatam, Kenaz,39 Timna, and Amalek.40 1:1-2:2 Genealogy from Adam LXX reads "Noah, the sons of Noah," thus making clear that Shem, Ham, andjapheth are not three gen· erations subsequent to Noah. This is probably an addition, but the words could also have been lost in MT by homoioteleuton. The latter opinion is favored by David Noel Freedman and David Miano, "Is the Shorter Reading Better? Haplography in the First Book of Chronicles," in Emanuel: Studies in HebTew Bible, Septuagint, and Dead Sea ScTOlls in Honor ofEmanuel Tov (ed. Shalom M. Paul et al.; VTSup 94; Leiden: Brill, 2003) 688. 2 LXX adds a mistaken gloss "Elishah," which could be based on v. 7, where Elishah is listed as the first son ofjavan rather than as his brother, but Allen, Greek Chronicles, 1:184, argues that this addition should be linked to Gen 10:2 LXX. On pp. 184-85 Allen shows frequent influence of Genesis LXX on Chronicles LXX, and a number of these contacts are reflected in the following notes. See also E. Podechard, "Le premier chapitre des Paralipomenes ," RB 13 (1916) 363-86. 3 n!l'l1 with many Hebrew MSS, LXX, Vg, and Gen l 0:3; Chronicles MT: n!l'l1 "Diphath." Diilet and ·res are easily confused in Hebrew script. 4 iTDIJ1n1 (plene) vs. Gen 10:3: iTDIJn1 (defective). 5 W'i!ilm with LXX, Vg, Gen 10:4; Chronicles MT: ili!i'i!ilm "Tarshishah." See the ending on the preceding name Elishah.Japhet, 57, points out that several names with a final he in Chronicles have lost their locative function. 6 t:l'll111. Many Hebrew MSS, Syr, and Gen I 0:4 MT have a scribal error based on the diilet/res confusion : t:l'll1l1 "and Dodanim." Genesis LXX and SP agree with Chronicles MT. 7 'l::l; LXX, Syr, and Gen 10:6: 'l::l1 "And the sons of." Cf. vv. 5 and 17. 8 t!l1!l1; cf...