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chapter 1: “an aristocrat to the tip of her fingers” 1. Walter Prescott Webb and Terrell Webb, eds., Washington Wife: Journal of Ellen Maury Slayden from 1897 to 1919 (New York: Harper & Row, 1963), p. 8. The term “first lady of the land” appeared in the coverage of Edith Roosevelt as the new presidential spouse. See “The New Lady of the White House,” San Francisco Call, 6 October 1901, which used the phrase in the first sentence of the story. The best brief treatment of Ida McKinley is John J. Leffler, “Ida Saxton McKinley,” in Lewis L. Gould, ed., American First Ladies: Their Lives and Their Legacy, 2nd ed. (New York: Routledge, 2001), pp. 183–194. 2. “About Mrs. Roosevelt,” Christian Advocate, 28 February 1901, quoting The Presbyterian. 3. George Frederick William Holls to Albert Shaw, 7 September 1901, Albert Shaw Papers, New York Public Library, Astor Lenox and Tilden Foundations. 4. “Mrs. Roosevelt’s Trip,” New-York Tribune, 17 September 1901. 5. “The New Lady of the White House,” San Francisco Call, 6 October 1901. Other such columns were “Wife of the President,” New-York Tribune, 22 September 1901, and “Mrs. Roosevelt Will Be the Busiest Lady of the Land,” St. Louis Republic, 27 September 1901. 6. Edith Kermit Roosevelt (EKR) to Kermit Roosevelt, 30 September 1906, Box 10, Kermit Roosevelt Papers, Manuscript Division, Library of Congress (hereafter LC). She referred to the story of Sinbad the Sailor and his encounter with the Old Man of the Sea, who tricked unsuspecting travelers into transporting him across a stream. Once on the victim’s shoulders, the Old Man of the Sea became a burden that ended only in death. Sinbad got away, but a Kermit who saved the wrong letters would not be so fortunate. 7. See In the Court of Appeals, State of New York, Edith K. Roosevelt and Emily T. Carow, Plaintiffs and Respondents against The New York Elevated Railroad Company and the Manhattan Railway Company, Case on Appeal (New York: Oberly and Newell, 1890), in the digital series “Making of Modern Law: Trials, 1600–1926” (Gale Cenage). Also see David M. Breiner et al., Stone Street HisN O T E S 133 } { toric District: Designation Report (New York: New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission, 1996), p. 31, also describing other property the Carow family owned at 79 Pearl Street in New York. 8. Their first child, a son, died in infancy. 9. EKR to Cecilia Beaux, 12 December 1930, Cecilia Beaux Papers, Archives of American Art, Washington, D.C. 10. EKR to Kermit Roosevelt, 14 November 1907, Box 10, Kermit Roosevelt Papers. She was paraphrasing a poem by Thomas Bailey Aldrich, “Memory,” in which he wrote: “My mind lets go a thousand things, the dates of wars and deaths of kings.” 11. Theodore Roosevelt (TR) to Anna Roosevelt Cowles, September 20, 1886, in Sylvia Jukes Morris, Edith Kermit Roosevelt: Portrait of a First Lady (New York: Coward, McCann & Geoghegan, 1980), p. 91. 12. Morris, Edith Kermit Roosevelt, p. 64. 13. Roosevelt v. Elevated Railway, 57 New York Superior Court Reports, 438. There is no mention of this litigation in the existing sources on Edith Roosevelt. In view of Theodore Roosevelt’s later involvement with railroad regulation, the experience he and his wife had in dealing with this case, however tangential, merits further inquiry. 14. “State Legislation: Resolutions of Condolence,” New-York Tribune, 16 February 1884, p. 5. 15. EKR to TR, 8 June 1886, 12 November 1909, in Morris, Edith Kermit Roosevelt , pp. 85, 86, 351–352. 16. Morris, Edith Kermit Roosevelt, pp. 89, 90, 91. 17. Kathleen Dalton, Theodore Roosevelt: A Strenuous Life (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2002), pp. 107–108. 18. Interview with Robert Gillespie, 1973, cited in Natalie A. Naylor, “A Working Farm,” in Juliet Frey, ed., Sagamore Hill National Historic Site: Historic Resource Study (Sagamore Hill: National Park Service and Organization of American Historians, 2005), p. 100. 19. Michael Teague, Mrs. L: Conversations with Alice Roosevelt Longworth (London: Gerald Duckworth, 1981), p. 36. 20. Teague, Mrs. L, pp. 30, 37; Stacy A. Cordery, Alice: Alice Roosevelt Longworth from White House Princess to Washington Power Broker (New York: Viking, 2007), p. 44. 21. TR to Henry Cabot Lodge, 19 October 1888, Henry Cabot Lodge, ed., Selections from the Correspondence of Theodore Roosevelt and Henry Cabot Lodge, 1884–1918, 2 vols. (New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1925), 1, p. 73. 134 Notes to Pages 5–12 } { 22. Carl Sferrazza Anthony, Nellie Taft: The Unconventional...


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