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94 The Race Question and Its Solution JAMES ARMSTRONG, JR. The political doctrine of the equality of men is a beautiful, but self evident lie. There is no equality among people of even the same blood. Nature delights in nothing so much as in the inequality of her products. She revels in unlikenesses, in differences, in disparities. She endows the brain of one man, or one race, with the noblest genius, while to another she gives scarcely anything at all, except a brutal instinct to satisfy the simplest of animal needs and passions. We see it in the contemplation of savage and civilized man-in the difference between the tools, the customs, the laws and the languages of a rude and those of a cultured race. Nature is not like a plain where everything exists on a dead level of unbroken uniformity . As the surface of the earth is varied by the inequalities of mountain, hill and valley, so are mankind diversified into superior and inferior races. Racial diversity is unmistakably manifest. There are the Patagonians and the English; the Esquimaux and the Frenchracial extremes of physical, intellectual and moral development. Nature stamps each product of her handiwork with an indelible mark of its value. Between the negro and the caucasian the line of demarkation is clearly and distinctly drawn. It is impossible to overlook it. It is as plain as the Mississippi dividing the States between which it flows. So, without prejudice and without abuse, it may be said the negro is vastly the inferior of the white man. As a race, he is physically, intellectually and morally loweras much lower than the white man as the cannibal is lower than he. It is needless to point out his inequality, his inferiority, in detail; for it stands to reason that if he were the peer of the dominant race, he would also parallel it in substantial and lasting achievement. Lack of numbers is not enough to account for his inferiority. It is not the quantity, but the quality, of a people that determines its degree of excellence. Nature gives us nothing. A race, like an individual, pays in some way for all that it gets. The white man has done the most and, therefore, has suffered the most-has felt more than all others the wear and tear, the storm and stress, of the struggle to be and to do. And within him there must be some inherent principle of superiority, the result either of his own nature or his surroundings, that gave him the start and still keeps him at the head of the long and varied procession of civilization. There is no survival except that of the fittest; no freedom except that of the wise. It is not a question of goodness and kindness, but of strength and intelligence. Character is the creature of conflict. It is born of the vigilant, the active and aggressive life. The white man must struggle, must fight, in one way or another, From DISFRANCHISEMENT PROPOSALS AND THE Ku KLUX KLAN: SOLUTIONS TO THE NEGRO PROBLEM, PART 1, edited by John David Smith. Originally published in 1903, San Antonio, Texas. Reprinted by permission of Garland Publishing, Inc. Copyrighted Material The Race Question and Its Solution 567 for the position he aspires to among his equals, and his inferiors will meet with the utmost resistance in their efforts to rise to his level. But nowhere does this truly gladiatorial conflict rage so fiercely as among unlike and unequal peoples, whom the accidents of progress have thrown together in an original relation of master and slave. The Problem As this volume is intended to be popular and, therefore, practical, it will burden itself but little with scientific and historical research. It is assumed that the reader is fairly well acquainted with existing social and political conditions in the United States, and especially with the career of the negro since his introduction therein as a slave a few centuries ago. It may also be stated that the inferiority of the negro is not the paramount question, which is the setting forth of a plan by which he may be placed in, or rather permitted to assume, the field of his most useful endeavor. What, then, is the race problem and in what does it consist? Under existing conditions which have prevailed in some form throughout civilization, there is a severe and unavoidable competition among all kinds of breadwinners. It varies in acuteness, according to the...


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