restricted access Appendix: Tamil Nadu Prohibition of Forcible Conversion of Religion Ordinance, 2002
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251 Note: the Ordinance was superseded by an Act (No. 56) later in 2002. An Ordinance to provide for prohibition of conversion from one religion to another by the use of force of allurement or by fraudulent means and for matters incidental thereto. Whereas the Legislative Assembly of the State is not in session and the Governor of Tamil Nadu is satisfied that circumstances exist which render it necessary for him to take immediate action for the purposes hereinafter appearing Now, therefore, in exercise of the powers conferred by clause (I) of Article 213 of the Constitution, the Governor hereby promulgates the following Ordinance: 1. Short title and commencement (1) This Ordinance may be called the Tamil Nadu Prohibition of Forcible Conversion of Religion Ordinance, 2002. (2) It shall come into force at once. 2. Definitions In this Ordinance, unless the context otherwise requires: a) “allurement” means offer of any temptation in the form of: (1) any gift or gratification either in cash or kind; a ppen di x Tamil Nadu Prohibition of Forcible Conversion of Religion Ordinance, 2002 no. 9 of 2002 252 • appendix (2) grant of any material benefit, either monetary or otherwise; b) “convert” means to make one person to renounce one religion and adopt another religion; c) “force” includes a show of force of a threat of injury of any kind including threat of divine displeasure or social ex-communication; d) “fraudulent means” includes misrepresentation or any other fraudulent contrivance; e) “minor” means a person under eighteen years of age. 3. Prohibition of forcible conversion No person shall convert or attempt to convert, either directly or otherwise, any person from one religion to another by the use of force or by allurement or by any fraudulent means nor shall any person abet any such conversion. 4. Punishment for contravention of provisions of section 3 Whoever contravenes the provisions of Section 3 shall, without prejudice to any civil liability, be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years and also be liable to fine which may extend to fifty thousand rupees. Provided that whoever contravenes the provisions of Section 3 in respect of a minor, a woman or a person belonging to Scheduled Castes or Scheduled Tribes shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to four years and also be liable to fine which may extend to one lakh [one hundred thousand] rupees. 5. Intimation to be given to District Magistrate with respect to conversion (1) Whoever converts any person from one religion to another either by performing any ceremony by himself for such conversion as a religious priest or by taking part directly or indirectly in such ceremony shall, within such period as may be prescribed, send an intimation to the District Magistrate of the district in which the ceremony has taken place of the fact of such conversion in such form as may be prescribed. (2) Whoever fails, without sufficient cause, to comply with the provisions of sub-section (1), shall be punished with imprisonment for a term appendix • 253 which may extend to one year or with fine which may extend to one thousand rupees or with both. 6. Prosecution to be made with the sanction of District Magistrate No prosecution for an offence under this Ordinance shall be instituted except by or with the previous sanction of the District Magistrate or such other authority, not below the rank of a District Revenue Officer, as may be authorized by him in that behalf. 7. Power to make rules (1) The State Government may make rules for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of this Ordinance. (2) Every rule made under this Ordinance shall as soon as possible after it is made be placed on the table of the Legislative Assembly, and if before the expiry of the session in which it so placed or the next session, the Assembly makes any modification in any such rule or the Assembly decides that the rule should not be made, the rule shall thereafter have effect only in such modified form, or be of no effect, as the case may be, so however, that any such modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that rule. 5th October 2002 P.S. RAMAMOHAN RAO Governor of Tamil Nadu explanatory statement 1. Reports have been received by the Government that conversions from one religion to another are made by use of force or...


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  • Hinduism -- Relations -- Christianity.
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