Appendix Five. Newspapers and the Law
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A P P E N D I X F I V E Newspapers and the Law Suspend Ban Distrib. Fine Jail 1876 5 86* 1877 5 47* 1878 5** 1 114* 15* 1879 4** 2 199* 11* 1880 16** 2 267* 13* 1881 58** 0 182* 15* 1882 70** 12 1883 52** 4 1884 38** 0 1885 24** 0 1886 17** 0 1887 30** 0 1888 11** 2 1889 75** 0 1890 19** 0 1891 61** 0 1892 87** 0 1893 87** 0 1894 140** 0 1895 238** 0 1896 25** 79* 2* 1897 0** 50* 2* 1898 0** 25 65* 1* 391 Suspend Ban Distrib. Fine Jail 1899 0** 27 90* 1* 1900 6** 25 97* 2* 1901 0** 16 206* 9* 1902 0** 6 155* 8* 1903 1** 10 75* 3* 1904 1** 1 7 645* 10* 1905 2 (+39)** 2 6 449* 3* 1906 2** 4 142* 5* 1907 2** 8 19* 1908 7** 1 46 59* 1909 6** 29 6* 1910 11** 58 18* 1911 5** 63 28* Source: Jail and fine, 1878–1881, Nishida Taketoshi, Meiji jidai no shimbun to zasshi, pp. 92, 95 (in addition to the figures here, Nishida lists sixty-six cases of joint jailing and fines in 1878–1881); suspension, 1878– 1880, ban, 1876–1879, Okano Takeo, Meiji genron shi, pp. 231–232; ban, 1880, Midoro Masaichi, Meiji Taishò shi: genron hen, pp. 86–87; suspension and ban, 1881–1895, Ukai Shin‘ichi, Chòya Shimbun no kenkyû, p. 37; suspension, 1896–1911, Uchikawa Yoshimi, Masu medeia hò seisaku shi, p. 34; jail and fine, 1896–1906, ibid., p. 33; fine, 1907–1911, Uchikawa, “Shimbunshi hò no seitei katei to sono tokushitsu,” p. 74; ban, 1904–1908, gleanings from Ono Hideo, Shimbun no rekishi, p. 71, Midoro, p. 228, Nishida, pp. 242, 268; I have found no composite records for hakkò kinshi after 1896. Note: Suspend = temporary suspension (hakkò teishi); ban = closing of paper (hakkò kinshi); distrib. = confiscation of issues on a given day (hatsubai hanpu kinshi), a practice that replaced suspensions and bannings , except by court action, after 1897. Records are spotty for fines and jail sentences in early Meiji; thus, blank spaces indicate that I have found no reliable data. The asterisk (*) indicates jailings and fines (1904–1911) under combined newspaper (shimbunshi) and publication (shuppan) laws; all other figures are for newspaper laws only. The double asterisk (**) indicates that thirty-nine additional papers were suspended in 1905 under Emergency Ordinance 206 for opposition to the Portsmouth treaty; see Tòkyò Asahi, December 1, 1905. 392 Appendix 5 ...



Subject Headings

  • Press and politics -- Japan -- History -- 19th century.
  • Press -- Japan -- History -- 19th century.
  • Japan -- History -- Meiji period, 1868-1912.
  • Public interest -- Japan -- History -- 19th century.
  • Journalism -- Social aspects -- Japan -- History -- 19th century.
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