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Notes Chapter 1. Life in Happy Valley 1. Many scholars trace the concept of American exceptionalism to the Frenchman Alexis de Tocqueville in Democracy in America, published in 1835 and 1840. Tocqueville wrote, “The position of the Americans is therefore quite exceptional.” Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America, trans. Henry Reeve (Project Gutenberg EBook, 2006), vol. 2, chapter 9. More recent of the many volumes on American exceptionalism include Godfrey Hodgson, The Myth of American Exceptionalism (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2009); Seymour Martin Lipset, American Exceptionalism: A Double-Edged Sword (New York: W. W. Norton, 1997); Charles Murray, American Exceptionalism: An Experiment in History, 151170938-American-Exceptionalism-An-Experiment-in-History.pdf; and Donald E. Pease, The New American Exceptionalism (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2009). A book on exceptionalism in U.S. soccer is Andrei S. Markovits and Steven L. Hellerman, Offside: Soccer and Exceptionalism (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2001). 2. Steve Nicklas, Fernandina Beach, FL, “Letter to the Editor,” Centre Daily Times, 12 November 2011, p. A7. 3. Samuel Johnson, Rasselas, Prince of Abyssinia, 1759, chapter 1; chapter 18, http://www., unpaged. I thank Sandy Stelts of Penn State Rare Books in Paterno Library for bringing this book to my attention. 4. George M. Graham, “A Tribute to Penn State College,” Penn State Alumni Quarterly, vol. 2, no. 3 (April 1912), 11. 5. Ralph D. Hetzel to James R. Remick, Winchester, MA, 4 May 1927, and Hetzel to W. A. Jensen, Corvallis, OR, 22 March 1927, President Ralph Hetzel Papers, Box AU05–18, Folder “Correspondence: Penn State Period, 1927,” Penn State University Archives. 6. When a Penn State songbook was published in 1906, President Atherton was opposed to having Pattee’s song called the alma mater, for, as Atherton wrote Pattee, it was done “without my previous knowledge or authorization” even though “the literary credit belongs to you.” George W. Atherton to F. L. Pattee, 16 May 1906, Fred Lewis Pattee Papers, Box 2, Folder 1, Penn State University Archives. 7. Fred Lewis Pattee, The House of Black Ring: A Romance of the Seven Mountains (New York: Henry Holt, 1905), 197. 8. Fred Lewis Pattee, Penn State Yankee: The Autobiography of Fred Lewis Pattee (State College: Pennsylvania State College, 1953), 146–47. 9. Fred Lewis Pattee, Coronado Beach, FL, to William L. Werner, Penn State, 5 January 1934, Fred Lewis Pattee Papers, Box 2, Folder 130, Penn State University Archives. Werner was named Pattee’s literary executor and was most responsible for the publication of Pattee ’s autobiography after his death. Smith_text.indd 199 12/7/15 11:11 AM 200 Notes to Chapter 1 10. Pattee to Werner, 5 January 1934. 11. See discussions of the proposed airport project in the Centre Daily Times, 17 July 1936, p. 6; 20 July 1936, p. 1; 22 July 1936, p. 1; 24 July 1936, p. 1; 28 July 1936, p. 1; 18 August 1936, p. 1; and 5 September 1936, p. 1. 12. The Penn State Board of Athletic Control voted on 10 August 1927 to end athletic scholarships beginning in 1928. Thus the failed “Great Experiment” commenced with an attempt to win without athletic scholarships and by recruiting athletes out of the general student body. See Jack M. Infield, “The Development of the Physical Education and Athletic Policies at the Pennsylvania State University,” PE 495 paper, Winter Term, 1973, Penn State University Archives. 13. Fred Lewis Pattee to W. L. Werner, 17 November 1929, Fred Lewis Pattee Papers, Box 2, Folder 128, Penn State University Archives. 14. Others who announced Penn State football games in the 1940s and 1950s include Tom Bender, Mickey Bergstein, Jack Barry, Claude Haring, Tom McMahon, Byron Saam, Ray Scott, Bill Suther, Chuck Thompson, Joe Tucker, and Woody Wolf. See Louis Prato, The Penn State Football Encyclopedia (Champaign, IL: Sports Publishing, 1998), 578. 15. Nadine Kofman, “The Origins of Happy Valley,” Town and Gown (December 2004), 8–14. 16. Eric A. Walker to Charles A. “Rip” Engle, 28 December 1962, President Walker Papers, Box 04.14, Binder “Personal Reminiscences,” Penn State University Archives. 17. Kofman, “Origins of Happy Valley,” 12. 18. John Herbers, “Census Deems College Town a Metropolitan Area,” New York Times, 22 July 1981, p. A14. 19. Ronald A. Smith, Play-by-Play: Radio, Television, and Big-Time College Sport (Baltimore , MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001), 127–28. 20. Penn State Board of Trustees Executive Committee Minutes, 13 May 1949, Penn State...


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