INDEX
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Index Abakuá society, 102 Abbot, Abiel, 59 Acosta, Agustín (slave), 61 Acosta, Domingo (free black), 113 Adams, John and Abigail, 23–24, 182 Adan, Francisco (slave), 174 Adan, Ramón (master), 175 Africa: military warfare in, 32–33; background of slaves in, 32–33, 62, 102–3; societies and organizations in, 102–3 African ethnicity/identity, 18, 95, 100–101, 109–11, 118–19, 187–88; as defined by Africans , 98–100, 104–5, 254 (n. 48). See also Cabildos de nación; Nation/national identity Age of Revolution, 16, 22–24, 41, 154, 178– 79; slave resistance during, 13–15, 45, 179– 85, 258 (n. 39); contradictions of slavery during, 23–33, 38, 62–63, 85, 177–78, 185– 86 Agüero, Francisco María, 121, 146, 159–60 Aguilar, Carlos (mulatto slave), 140 Aguilar, Estanislao (free mulatto): background of, 120–21; execution of, 120–21, 155; role in rebellion, 120–22, 139, 141–43, 145–47, 163, 167–68 Ajayi Crowther, Samuel, 32–33 Ajo savings institution, 103 Akan, 182 Alas, Francisco (free black), 106 Albermarle, Earl of, 24 Alcántra, Domingo (free black), 116 Alvarado, Ignacio (free black), 81–82 Alvarez, José Antonio, 148 Amador (slave), 3, 142 American Revolution, 22, 27–28, 214–15 (n. 20); return of Florida to Spanish after, 43; and Cuban militia, 82, 112, 216 (n. 42) Amis de Noirs, 30 Andrade, Clemente (free black), 112 Andrade, Francisco (free black), 86 Andrili, José (free black), 89 Angola: slaves from, 43, 101, 162, 239 (n. 166) Antola, María Antonio (slave), 65 Antola, Pedro (master), 65 Antonio (free black), 109 Antonio (slave in Bayamo), 129 Antonio (slave in Havana), 138 Antonio, Maria (slave), 65 Antonio José (slave), 2, 64, 129, 175 Apodaca, Juan Ruiz (captain general): and punishment for Aponte Rebellion, 47, 155; on interracial marriage, 72–73; and investigation of Aponte Rebellion, 151–53 Aponte, Joaquín, 25–26 Aponte, José Antonio: and free people of color militia, 3, 25, 27, 83–85, 89, 91, 94– 95, 233 (n. 45); family of, 3, 25–26; search of house of, 3, 83–84, 210 (n. 26); background of, 3, 185; and libro de pinturas 290 Index (book of drawings/pictures), 3–4, 25–28, 31, 53–54, 80–82, 91, 151, 156, 168–69, 210 (n. 28), 256 (n. 99); execution of, 4, 95, 120, 155; participation in American Revolution , 27; association with slaves, 46, 89, 139, 152; and meetings to plan rebellion, 61–62, 78, 95, 139–40, 143–44, 147, 151–53, 155, 163; and training of apprentices, 84– 85, 156; arrest in 1800, 94; and cabildos de nación, 144–45; arrest in 1812, 146; as leader of islandwide movement, 150–54, 188; and missing last confession, 153, 253 (n. 14); and manifesto for independence, 156–57, 179 Aponte, Nicolás, 25–26 Aponte José (slave), 25 Aponte Rebellion: punishment for, 2–4, 21, 46–47, 61–62, 78, 95, 125–27, 132, 136–38, 146–47, 152, 155, 159–60, 173, 175–76, 189– 90; investigation of, 3–8, 47, 120, 124, 135– 38, 139–40, 145–49, 151–54, 164, 173–74, 177, 189, 247 (n. 129); archival records of, 4–8, 12–13, 135–38, 152–54, 188, 189, 247 (n. 125); historiography of, 9–15, 143, 144– 45, 150–54, 212 (n. 73); and independence of Cuba, 13, 177–78; and rumored emancipation decree, 18, 122–23, 157–63, 169– 70; and royalism, 18, 157–62, 169–71; and free people of color, 61–63, 68, 94, 143–44, 190; and literacy, 62, 84–85; alliance between slaves and free people of color in, 76–77; connections between rebellions and conspiracies in 1812, 128–31, 147–50; circulation of information about in Atlantic world, 133; and free people of color militia, 143–44, 146, 155, 177; free people of color blamed for, 146, 151, 249 (n. 205); and Aponte as leader of islandwide movement, 150–54; and manifesto for independence, 156–57, 179, 252 (n. 12); and Haitian Revolution, 162–69; and freedom o√ered to slaves for denouncing rebellion, 173–76; compared to other slave revolts, 179–85; instead of ‘‘Aponte Conspiracy,’’ 210 (n. 29). See also Bayamo conspiracy; Havana rebellion; Holguín conspiracy; Puerto Príncipe rebellion Aptheker, Herbert, 15, 185 Arango y Parreño, Francisco, 11, 28–29; on French Revolution, 31; on Haitian Revolution , 35, 42; on Cuban slaves, 37–38; on plantation agriculture, 41; on 1789 free trade in...


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