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I N D E X Note: Turkish surnames that were adopted after 1934 and the modern names of certain localities are listed in brackets. Abbas Halim Pasa (Ottoman public works minister), 304 Abbas Hilmi II, Khedive of Egypt, n6n Abdülhamid II, Sultan, 4, 201, 245 Adana, 214, 325 Adriatic Sea, 27 Aegean islands, 24, 28, 143, 165 Afghanistan, ix, 363 Aleppo, 68, 227, 246, 289, 291, 315 Alexandropol [Leninakan], 177 Algeria, 26, 363 Allenby, Edmund H., Gen., 103104 , 352 Amanullah, Emir of Afghanistan, 363 Amanus Mountains, 7, 68; railroad construction in, 239, 285, 287-88, 290-92, 294-97, 301, 305-307; cost of project, 316 Anatolia, 64, 120, 163, 169, 292, 295, 352; military operations in, 62-63, 66, 68, 75, 79, 122, 153, 167; Russian withdrawal from, 170-71, 174; Ottoman reoccupation of eastern provinces, 173, 176; Armenians in, 200ff; postwar developments in, 267-68, 363; German economic interests, 319, 322, 335. See also Transcaucasia Anatolian Railroad Company, see Anatolische Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft Anatolische Eisenbahn-Gesellschajt (Anatolie), 273, 282n, 285-86, 316, 369; ownership and organization , 285n Anatolische Handels- und Industriegesellschaft , 9 Antranik, Ozanjian, Maj. Gen. (Armenian partisan leader), 265 Arabia, 64, 165n. See also Hejaz Arabs, 64, 67 Ardahan, 168, 180; and BrestLitovsk treaty, 174, 251-53; annexed by Turks, 174n Arghana Maden, copper mines, 344 Armenian persecutions in the Ottoman empire: before 1914, 200202 during the war-. 67, 125, 203ff, 361, 369; Germany and, 118, 204ff, 268-69, 367; background of, 202-203, 205-207; AustriaHungary and, 204ff, 268-69; casualties, 204, 204n, 209, 233, 246-47, 266 Armenians: in Ottoman empire, 67, 169, 200ff, 303; on Transcaucasian front, 167, 173, 176; in Russian Transcaucasia, 171, 248ff; alleged maltreatment of Moslems, 172, 187, 222, 222n, 249, 251, 265; in Baku, 187-88, 196, 260-61, 265-66; in Moscow, 254; postwar assassinations by, 364-65 Armenia, Republic of: proclaimed, 178; and Central Powers, 180-81, 256ff; concludes peace with Turkey (1918), 181-82; Ottoman policy toward, 194, 196, 257if; and Gen. Antranik, 265; postwar fate of, 267-68 • 409 • Index Armistice of Brest-Litovsk, 168, 171, 248 Armistice of Erzinjati, 171-72 Armistice of Mudros, 64, 104, 353, 361; background, 356-57; terms of, 358 Army of Islam, 185, 187-89, 191, 195-96, 265 Asia Minor, see Anatolia Atatiirk, see Mustafa Kemal Pasa Austria-Hungary, viii, 3, 24, 35, 83, 108, 131, 134-38, 158, 183, 195, 258, 334; prewar trade with Turkey, 9-10; July Crisis, 15f, 17n, 371; and Mittelmeer-Division , 27-28; general staff and Turkey, 36, 52, 68-69; and Egypt, 37. 116n; and Italy, 37, 116, 121, 148n, 161; and Ottoman capitulations, 38, 129; and German-Ottoman alliance treaty, 61, 110-13, 134, 158; and Straits question, 142, 148n, 154; and peace question, 142-44, 154n, 159-61, 163-64; and Armenian persecutions, 204ff, 269-70; economic interests in Turkey, 27778 , 321-29, 338-39; loan to Porte, 278-79; military personnel in Turkey evacuated, 357-58, 360 Azerbaijanis (Azeri Tartars), 177, 179, 187, 265; in Zakflvkazskii Komissariat, 171, 178; in Army of Islam, 185, 195-97, 266 Azerbaijan, Republic of, 266; proclaimed , 178; Turkish relations with, 181-82, 194, 196, 257-58; government moves to Baku, 196; and Germany, 197-98, 258 Azeri Tartars, see Azerbaijanis Bachem, Karl (Zentrum politician ), 228 Bagdad, 7, 8, 63, 102, 285, 316 Bagdad - Eisenbahn - Gesellschaft (B.E.G.), 282n, 316, 349, 367, 369; before the war, 285-86; ownership and organization of, 285^ 287; financial grievances of, 286, 293, 298-300, 302-305, 307-14; and extension of line, 287-88, 2p2ff; and German government , 292ff Bagdad Railroad, 5, n , 327; prewar construction, 7-8, I2n; truncated condition in 1914, 68, 285; wartime construction, 239, 28384 , 287!!; wartime operation of, 302ff; German expenditures on, 315-16; postwar fate of, 316 Bagdad Railroad Company, see Bagdad-Eisenbahn-Gesellsckaft Baku, 179; Turkish-Azerbaijani agreements on, 182, 194, 196, 198; Germany and, i82ff; Turkish advance on, 185-89; political situation in, 187!!; British troops in, i88ff, 266; GermanSoviet arrangements on, ipoff; Turks capture, 195-96; Massacre of Armenians in, 196, 265-66; Turks withdraw from, 266; Congress of the "Peoples of the East" (1920), 363 Balia, lead mines of, 344 Balkans, 3, i7n, 24, 65, 110-12, 133, 162, 200, 271, 278, 327, 353, 356. See also military operations Balkan Wars (1912-13), 66 Ballin, Albert (director-general, HAPAG), 318 Banque Imperiale Ottomane ' 4IO Index (BIO), 11, 273, 275-76, 280, 28011, 368 Basra, 133 Batum...

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Additional Information

ISBN
9781400877591
Related ISBN
9780691051239
MARC Record
OCLC
966854685
Pages
450
Launched on MUSE
2017-01-01
Language
English
Open Access
No
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